Dr. Jobe Martin | Environmental Cleanup Systems | TBN

Dr. Jobe Martin | Environmental Cleanup Systems

Watch Dr. Jobe Martin | Environmental Cleanup Systems
June 8, 2019
27:35

Creation in the 21st Century with David Rives

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Dr. Jobe Martin | Environmental Cleanup Systems

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  • - DAVID RIVES: COMING UP ON
  • 00:00:00.000 --> 00:00:01.160
  • "CREATION IN THE 21ST CENTURY":
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  • - DAVID: WE SHOULD BE GOOD
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  • STEWARDS OF THE CREATION AROUND
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  • US.
  • 00:00:04.220 --> 00:00:07.070
  • BUT WITHOUT US EVEN TRYING, GOD
  • 00:00:07.070 --> 00:00:08.200
  • HAS HIS ENVIRONMENTAL CLEANUP
  • 00:00:08.200 --> 00:00:10.130
  • SYSTEMS IN PLAY, RIGHT NOW.
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  • THIS LITTLE BEETLE, AS
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  • INSIGNIFICANT AS IT MAY SEEM,
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  • ACTUALLY PLAYS AN IMPORTANT
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  • ROLE IN KEEPING EARTH CLEAN.
  • 00:00:19.060 --> 00:00:21.290
  • - DR. JOBE MARTIN: THINK ABOUT
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  • ALL THE ANIMALS THAT DIE, WHICH
  • 00:00:23.060 --> 00:00:24.030
  • IS ALL ANIMALS.
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  • WHAT ABOUT THEIR BONES?
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  • HOW ARE THE BONES GONNA GET
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  • CLEANED UP?
  • 00:00:27.060 --> 00:00:29.140
  • OF COURSE, WE PEOPLE CAN DO
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  • THINGS TO DESTROY THE
  • 00:00:30.160 --> 00:00:32.280
  • ENVIRONMENT, BUT WE CANNOT
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  • DESTROY GOD'S PLANET EARTH.
  • 00:00:34.270 --> 00:00:36.020
  • [DRAMATIC THEME MUSIC PLAYS]
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  • [MUSIC]
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  • [MUSIC]
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  • [MUSIC]
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  • - DAVID: WELCOME TO "CREATION
  • 00:01:22.190 --> 00:01:24.120
  • IN THE 21ST CENTURY," WHERE
  • 00:01:24.120 --> 00:01:25.120
  • SCIENTIFIC DISCOVERY CONNECTS
  • 00:01:25.120 --> 00:01:26.140
  • NOW, I'M DAVID RIVES AND MY
  • 00:01:29.230 --> 00:01:30.190
  • JOURNEY INTO OUR ORIGINS, OUR
  • 00:01:30.190 --> 00:01:31.100
  • LITERALLY, AROUND THE WORLD.
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  • AND IT'S CONSISTENTLY POINTED
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  • BACK TO ONE THING: GOD'S WORD.
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  • THAT'S RIGHT -- YOU ARE NOT
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  • 14-BILLION-YEAR-OLD STARDUST,
  • 00:01:39.160 --> 00:01:42.160
  • BUT, INSTEAD, OUR BRAINS AND
  • 00:01:42.160 --> 00:01:44.020
  • OUR BODIES ARE ONE OF THE MOST
  • 00:01:44.020 --> 00:01:46.110
  • COMPLEX, AMAZING DESIGNS EVER
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  • CREATED.
  • 00:01:47.190 --> 00:01:49.010
  • AND, YOU KNOW, THE ANSWER TO
  • 00:01:49.010 --> 00:01:50.130
  • SOME OF LIFE'S MOST DIFFICULT
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  • QUESTIONS POINTS US BACK TO
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  • CREATION.
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  • WELL, ON "CREATION IN THE 21ST
  • 00:01:53.190 --> 00:01:54.270
  • CENTURY," WE TACKLE THOSE
  • 00:01:54.270 --> 00:01:56.100
  • QUESTIONS EVERY WEEK, AND,
  • 00:01:56.100 --> 00:01:57.190
  • WE'RE GONNA GET STARTED THIS
  • 00:01:57.190 --> 00:01:59.060
  • WEEK WITH OUR HEAVENS DECLARE
  • 00:01:59.060 --> 00:02:01.260
  • SEGMENT, LOOKING AT THE GEOLOGY
  • 00:02:01.260 --> 00:02:03.010
  • I'M HERE IN THE GRAND CANYON
  • 00:02:16.210 --> 00:02:18.100
  • AND I JUST REACHED THE GREAT
  • 00:02:18.100 --> 00:02:19.000
  • UNCONFORMITY.
  • 00:02:19.000 --> 00:02:20.290
  • NOW, HERE, VISHNU
  • 00:02:20.290 --> 00:02:21.240
  • AND ZOROASTER
  • 00:02:21.240 --> 00:02:22.090
  • IS OVERLAID BY
  • 00:02:22.090 --> 00:02:23.250
  • HOW OLD ARE THESE BASEMENT
  • 00:02:26.000 --> 00:02:26.190
  • ROCKS?
  • 00:02:26.190 --> 00:02:27.190
  • WELL, MOST UNIFORMITARIAN
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  • GEOLOGISTS WOULD TELL US
  • 00:02:28.210 --> 00:02:30.200
  • THAT THESE WERE FORMED AROUND
  • 00:02:30.200 --> 00:02:31.190
  • 2 BILLION YEARS AGO, IN SOME
  • 00:02:31.190 --> 00:02:33.030
  • CASES OLDER, AND THAT
  • 00:02:33.030 --> 00:02:34.150
  • EVERYTHING WE SEE ABOVE
  • 00:02:34.150 --> 00:02:36.130
  • IT -- TRUST ME, IT'S A LOT OF
  • 00:02:36.130 --> 00:02:37.150
  • SEDIMENT -- WAS DEPOSITED SINCE
  • 00:02:37.150 --> 00:02:39.000
  • THAT TIME.
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  • NOW, THAT'S THE THEORY.
  • 00:02:43.030 --> 00:02:44.140
  • BUT THE VERY NEXT LAYERS ON TOP
  • 00:02:44.140 --> 00:02:45.230
  • OF THE BASEMENT ROCK HERE IS
  • 00:02:45.230 --> 00:02:47.020
  • TAPEATS SANDSTONE.
  • 00:02:47.020 --> 00:02:48.100
  • THIS IS FROM THE CAMBRIAN
  • 00:02:48.100 --> 00:02:50.010
  • PERIOD AND IT'S KNOWN TO
  • 00:02:50.010 --> 00:02:51.190
  • CONTAIN FOSSILS OF COMPLEX LIFE
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  • FORMS.
  • 00:02:52.250 --> 00:02:54.030
  • IT'S SAID TO BE A BILLION YEARS
  • 00:02:54.030 --> 00:02:55.140
  • YOUNGER THAN THE ROCKS RIGHT
  • 00:02:55.140 --> 00:02:56.040
  • DOWN HERE.
  • 00:02:57.040 --> 00:03:00.060
  • IN OTHER WORDS, A SUPPOSED
  • 00:03:00.060 --> 00:03:01.000
  • BILLION YEARS OF HISTORY IS
  • 00:03:01.000 --> 00:03:02.200
  • MISSING IN BETWEEN THESE TWO
  • 00:03:02.200 --> 00:03:04.180
  • LAYERS.
  • 00:03:04.180 --> 00:03:05.280
  • THE FIRST FOSSILS FOUND IN
  • 00:03:05.280 --> 00:03:06.220
  • THESE LAYERS ARE FULLY FORMED
  • 00:03:06.220 --> 00:03:08.080
  • CREATURES JUST SUDDENLY
  • 00:03:08.080 --> 00:03:10.160
  • APPEARING.
  • 00:03:10.160 --> 00:03:11.030
  • I'M DAVID RIVES.
  • 00:03:13.070 --> 00:03:14.020
  • TRULY, THE HEAVENS
  • 00:03:14.020 --> 00:03:14.280
  • DECLARE THE
  • 00:03:14.280 --> 00:03:15.240
  • NOW, IF EVOLUTION IS TRUE, HOW
  • 00:03:20.170 --> 00:03:22.260
  • DID IT CONVENIENTLY ARRANGE AND
  • 00:03:22.260 --> 00:03:25.010
  • EVOLVE SO MANY DIFFERENT
  • 00:03:25.210 --> 00:03:28.210
  • ORGANISMS AND CREATURES NEEDED
  • 00:03:28.210 --> 00:03:30.180
  • TO BREAK DOWN ALL OF THE WASTE
  • 00:03:30.180 --> 00:03:32.090
  • ON PLANET EARTH?
  • 00:03:32.090 --> 00:03:34.010
  • WE ARE ABOUT TO GET DIRTY, AS
  • 00:03:34.010 --> 00:03:35.230
  • WE DISCUSS VULTURES, BEETLES,
  • 00:03:35.230 --> 00:03:37.270
  • AND THE FUNGUS AMONG US.
  • 00:03:37.270 --> 00:03:40.050
  • FOR THAT, I BROUGHT IN MY
  • 00:03:42.250 --> 00:03:43.270
  • GUEST, DR. JOBE MARTIN,
  • 00:03:43.270 --> 00:03:44.150
  • WHO WAS A BIOLOGY MAJOR AT
  • 00:03:44.150 --> 00:03:45.140
  • BUCKNELL UNIVERSITY AND A
  • 00:03:45.140 --> 00:03:46.230
  • GRADUATE OF THE UNIVERSITY OF
  • 00:03:46.230 --> 00:03:47.230
  • PITTSBURGH DENTAL SCHOOL.
  • 00:03:47.230 --> 00:03:49.160
  • NOW, AFTER SPENDING TWO YEARS
  • 00:03:49.160 --> 00:03:50.080
  • IN THE AIR FORCE, WHERE HE WAS
  • 00:03:50.080 --> 00:03:51.290
  • A DENTIST FOR THE PRESIDENTIAL
  • 00:03:51.290 --> 00:03:53.080
  • FLIGHT CREWS OF AIR FORCE ONE,
  • 00:03:53.080 --> 00:03:54.170
  • HE ESTABLISHED A PRIVATE DENTAL
  • 00:03:54.170 --> 00:03:55.290
  • WHILE HE WAS A PROFESSOR AT
  • 00:03:58.200 --> 00:03:59.140
  • BAYLOR COLLEGE OF DENTISTRY,
  • 00:03:59.140 --> 00:04:00.180
  • DR. MARTIN BECAME A
  • 00:04:00.180 --> 00:04:01.080
  • YOUNG-EARTH CREATIONIST.
  • 00:04:01.080 --> 00:04:02.240
  • AFTER RECEIVING HIS MASTER'S
  • 00:04:02.240 --> 00:04:03.250
  • IN THEOLOGY, HE WENT INTO
  • 00:04:03.250 --> 00:04:04.230
  • FULL-TIME MINISTRY WITH HIS
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  • WIFE AND TWO DAUGHTERS.
  • 00:04:05.200 --> 00:04:07.160
  • WELCOME TO THE PROGRAM!
  • 00:04:07.160 --> 00:04:08.160
  • - DR. JOBE MARTIN: THANK YOU,
  • 00:04:08.160 --> 00:04:09.240
  • DAVID.
  • 00:04:09.240 --> 00:04:10.130
  • GOOD TO BE HERE.
  • 00:04:10.130 --> 00:04:12.010
  • - DAVID: IT IS GREAT TO HAVE
  • 00:04:12.010 --> 00:04:12.220
  • YOU HERE.
  • 00:04:12.220 --> 00:04:13.030
  • AND, WE'VE GOT SUCH AN
  • 00:04:13.030 --> 00:04:13.200
  • EXCITING TOPIC, RIGHT?
  • 00:04:13.200 --> 00:04:14.170
  • - DR. MARTIN: WE DO, WE DO.
  • 00:04:14.170 --> 00:04:17.050
  • - DAVID: WHO KNEW THAT FUNGUS
  • 00:04:17.050 --> 00:04:17.260
  • COULD BE SO FASCINATING.
  • 00:04:17.260 --> 00:04:20.080
  • BUT, UH, JUST TALKING WITH YOU
  • 00:04:20.080 --> 00:04:21.270
  • BEFORE THE PROGRAM, IT'S JUST
  • 00:04:21.270 --> 00:04:24.140
  • AMAZING HOW OUR GOD HAS THOUGHT
  • 00:04:24.140 --> 00:04:25.280
  • OF EVERYTHING, HASN'T HE?
  • 00:04:25.280 --> 00:04:28.180
  • - DR. MARTIN: OH, HAS HE EVER.
  • 00:04:28.180 --> 00:04:30.000
  • I MEAN, YOU LOOK AROUND AND YOU
  • 00:04:30.000 --> 00:04:31.110
  • GO OUT IN THE FOREST, BUT WE'RE
  • 00:04:31.110 --> 00:04:33.000
  • NOT UNDER 10 MILES OF DEAD
  • 00:04:33.000 --> 00:04:34.200
  • LEAVES.
  • 00:04:34.200 --> 00:04:36.070
  • - DAVID: OKAY.
  • 00:04:36.070 --> 00:04:37.030
  • - DR. MARTIN: BECAUSE, GOD HAS
  • 00:04:37.030 --> 00:04:38.090
  • LITTLE ORGANISMS, BIG ORGANISMS
  • 00:04:38.090 --> 00:04:39.280
  • TO BREAK DOWN EVERYTHING THAT'S
  • 00:04:39.280 --> 00:04:41.220
  • ORGANIC -- EVERYTHING.
  • 00:04:41.220 --> 00:04:43.160
  • EVERY SINGLE LITTLE LIVING
  • 00:04:43.160 --> 00:04:45.160
  • THING HAS SOMETHING ELSE THAT,
  • 00:04:45.160 --> 00:04:47.030
  • WHEN IT DIES -- IT'S GONNA
  • 00:04:47.030 --> 00:04:48.210
  • CLEAN IT UP FOR US.
  • 00:04:48.210 --> 00:04:49.130
  • - DAVID: WOW!
  • 00:04:49.130 --> 00:04:50.170
  • - DR. MARTIN: WELL, HOW WOULD
  • 00:04:53.260 --> 00:04:55.180
  • SOMETHING LIKE ALL THAT EVOLVE?
  • 00:04:55.180 --> 00:04:56.100
  • FIRST OF ALL, DECOMPOSITION AND
  • 00:04:56.100 --> 00:04:57.280
  • THE LORD CREATED THEM.
  • 00:05:02.110 --> 00:05:03.270
  • THEY PLAY ESSENTIAL ROLES IN
  • 00:05:03.270 --> 00:05:05.110
  • THE BREAKDOWN OF ORGANIC MATTER
  • 00:05:05.110 --> 00:05:06.030
  • SO THAT IT CAN BE RECYCLED,
  • 00:05:06.030 --> 00:05:09.000
  • MADE AVAILABLE AGAIN FOR THE
  • 00:05:09.000 --> 00:05:09.230
  • NOURISHMENT OF NEW ORGANISMS.
  • 00:05:09.230 --> 00:05:10.280
  • SO, IT NOT ONLY BREAKS IT DOWN,
  • 00:05:10.280 --> 00:05:12.050
  • IT MAKES IT AVAILABLE FOR
  • 00:05:12.050 --> 00:05:13.260
  • SOMETHING ELSE TO EAT IT AND
  • 00:05:13.260 --> 00:05:14.240
  • START GROWING UP AGAIN.
  • 00:05:16.050 --> 00:05:19.050
  • DECOMPOSITION AND DECAY --
  • 00:05:19.050 --> 00:05:20.020
  • WE CALL THOSE THE CREATOR'S
  • 00:05:20.020 --> 00:05:22.180
  • CLEANUP SYSTEMS, OR THE
  • 00:05:22.180 --> 00:05:23.270
  • ENVIRONMENTAL CLEANUP SYSTEMS.
  • 00:05:23.270 --> 00:05:25.230
  • - DAVID: I LIKE IT.
  • 00:05:25.230 --> 00:05:26.130
  • - DR. MARTIN: AND IT GOES ALL
  • 00:05:26.130 --> 00:05:27.040
  • THE WAY FROM THE TOP DOWN.
  • 00:05:27.040 --> 00:05:28.060
  • - DAVID: OKAY.
  • 00:05:28.060 --> 00:05:29.100
  • - DR. MARTIN: SO, LIKE,
  • 00:05:29.100 --> 00:05:30.030
  • THERE'S NOT STACKS OF DEAD
  • 00:05:30.030 --> 00:05:31.010
  • BODIES OUT THERE.
  • 00:05:31.010 --> 00:05:32.120
  • YOU GO IN THE FOREST, AND, UH,
  • 00:05:32.120 --> 00:05:34.250
  • YOU'RE NOT BARREL-- TRYIN' TO
  • 00:05:34.250 --> 00:05:37.170
  • DIG A TUNNEL THROUGH ALL KINDS
  • 00:05:37.170 --> 00:05:39.120
  • OF DEAD LIMBS, AND LEAVES, AND
  • 00:05:39.120 --> 00:05:40.190
  • GRASS, AND TWIGS, AND...
  • 00:05:40.190 --> 00:05:42.040
  • IT ALL DECAYS.
  • 00:05:42.040 --> 00:05:44.250
  • BUT IT JUST DOESN'T DECAY.
  • 00:05:44.250 --> 00:05:46.030
  • THERE HAS TO BE SOMETHING THERE
  • 00:05:46.030 --> 00:05:47.130
  • TO MAKE IT DECAY.
  • 00:05:47.190 --> 00:05:50.190
  • AND FUNGUS COMES INTO THAT VERY
  • 00:05:50.190 --> 00:05:51.110
  • SIGNIFICANTLY.
  • 00:05:51.110 --> 00:05:52.020
  • - DAVID: OKAY.
  • 00:05:52.020 --> 00:05:52.240
  • SO, WE'RE TALKING ABOUT FALL
  • 00:05:52.240 --> 00:05:54.020
  • COMES ALONG.
  • 00:05:54.020 --> 00:05:55.030
  • AND, YOU'VE GOT THESE BEAUTIFUL
  • 00:05:55.030 --> 00:05:56.130
  • FALL COLORS AND THEN ALL OF THE
  • 00:05:56.130 --> 00:05:58.010
  • LEAVES FALL OFF THE TREES.
  • 00:05:58.010 --> 00:05:59.170
  • AND SO, YOU'VE GOT THESE GIANT
  • 00:05:59.170 --> 00:06:01.020
  • PILES OF LEAVES.
  • 00:06:01.020 --> 00:06:02.200
  • AND THEN, YOU RAKE THEM UP IN
  • 00:06:02.200 --> 00:06:04.020
  • YOUR YARD AND YOU, UH, JUMP IN
  • 00:06:04.020 --> 00:06:05.100
  • 'EM AND YOU MESS IT ALL UP
  • 00:06:05.100 --> 00:06:06.090
  • AGAIN.
  • 00:06:06.090 --> 00:06:06.230
  • - DR. MARTIN: YEAH.
  • 00:06:06.230 --> 00:06:07.090
  • - DAVID: BUT, THESE GIANT
  • 00:06:07.090 --> 00:06:09.100
  • PILES OF LEAVES -- WELL, IF
  • 00:06:09.100 --> 00:06:11.100
  • THAT HAPPENS FOR A FEW YEARS,
  • 00:06:11.100 --> 00:06:12.160
  • ALL OF A SUDDEN, YOU'RE UP TO
  • 00:06:12.160 --> 00:06:13.150
  • THE TOP OF THE TREES!
  • 00:06:13.150 --> 00:06:14.180
  • - DR. MARTIN: [CHUCKLES]
  • 00:06:14.180 --> 00:06:15.120
  • THAT IS ABSOLUTELY RIGHT!
  • 00:06:15.120 --> 00:06:16.100
  • AND, BY THE WAY, YOU GO OUT IN
  • 00:06:16.100 --> 00:06:18.110
  • THE FOREST, AND, IT ALL DECAYS,
  • 00:06:18.110 --> 00:06:21.030
  • BUT IT DOESN'T STINK.
  • 00:06:21.030 --> 00:06:22.160
  • IT HAS A GOOD SMELL.
  • 00:06:22.160 --> 00:06:25.020
  • AND THAT'S BECAUSE-- LIKE, YOU
  • 00:06:25.020 --> 00:06:26.020
  • HAVE A MULCH PILE OUT BEHIND
  • 00:06:26.020 --> 00:06:26.280
  • THE HOUSE.
  • 00:06:26.280 --> 00:06:27.250
  • - DAVID: UH-HUH.
  • 00:06:27.250 --> 00:06:28.210
  • - DR. MARTIN: AND, MANY TIMES,
  • 00:06:28.210 --> 00:06:29.130
  • IT'LL JUST SMELL TERRIBLE.
  • 00:06:29.130 --> 00:06:30.040
  • - DAVID: YEAH.
  • 00:06:30.040 --> 00:06:31.010
  • - DR. MARTIN: IT'S BECAUSE
  • 00:06:31.010 --> 00:06:31.210
  • THERE'S NO BALANCE.
  • 00:06:31.210 --> 00:06:32.160
  • YOU HAVE TO BALANCE THE AEROBIC
  • 00:06:32.160 --> 00:06:34.030
  • AND THE ANAEROBIC BACTERIA.
  • 00:06:34.030 --> 00:06:36.110
  • AEROBIC -- THEY LIKE OXYGEN.
  • 00:06:36.110 --> 00:06:37.110
  • ANAEROBIC -- THEY DON'T LIKE
  • 00:06:37.110 --> 00:06:38.130
  • OXYGEN.
  • 00:06:38.130 --> 00:06:39.050
  • YOU HAVE TO KEEP THEM BALANCED
  • 00:06:39.050 --> 00:06:41.120
  • BECAUSE THE ANAEROBIC ONES ARE
  • 00:06:41.120 --> 00:06:42.230
  • WHERE ALL THE SMELLS COME FROM.
  • 00:06:42.230 --> 00:06:44.060
  • THEY DON'T SMELL GOOD.
  • 00:06:44.060 --> 00:06:45.250
  • - DAVID: REALLY?
  • 00:06:45.250 --> 00:06:46.100
  • - DR. MARTIN: YEAH, SO GOD --
  • 00:06:46.100 --> 00:06:47.100
  • WHEN HE DOES IT IN THE FOREST,
  • 00:06:47.100 --> 00:06:49.020
  • WITHOUT ANYBODY BOTHERING
  • 00:06:49.020 --> 00:06:50.020
  • HIM...
  • 00:06:50.020 --> 00:06:50.220
  • - DAVID: YEAH.
  • 00:06:50.220 --> 00:06:52.000
  • - DR. MARTIN: ...HAS A
  • 00:06:52.000 --> 00:06:52.180
  • BEAUTIFUL SMELL.
  • 00:06:52.180 --> 00:06:53.050
  • [DAVID LAUGHS]
  • 00:06:53.050 --> 00:06:54.000
  • YOU DO IT IN THE BACKYARD, WE
  • 00:06:54.000 --> 00:06:54.210
  • GOTTA WATCH OVER IT.
  • 00:06:54.210 --> 00:06:56.020
  • WE HAVE TO-- WE HAVE TO BE GOOD
  • 00:06:56.020 --> 00:06:57.190
  • ENVIRONMENTALISTS, EVEN IF OUR
  • 00:06:57.190 --> 00:06:59.030
  • MULCH PILE IS IN THE BACKYARD.
  • 00:06:59.030 --> 00:07:00.130
  • - DAVID: WOW!
  • 00:07:00.130 --> 00:07:01.150
  • - DR. MARTIN: WELL, I'LL TELL
  • 00:07:05.070 --> 00:07:08.030
  • YOU, THERE'S A DR. STAMETS.
  • 00:07:08.030 --> 00:07:09.120
  • HE'S DONE A LOT OF WORK ON
  • 00:07:09.120 --> 00:07:10.020
  • MUSHROOMS AND FUNGUS AND ALL
  • 00:07:10.020 --> 00:07:12.220
  • THOSE KINDS OF THINGS...
  • 00:07:12.220 --> 00:07:14.120
  • AND HE HAS FOUND SOME
  • 00:07:14.120 --> 00:07:14.290
  • AMAZING THINGS.
  • 00:07:14.290 --> 00:07:16.130
  • THERE ARE, UH, FUNGUSES THAT
  • 00:07:16.130 --> 00:07:19.040
  • WILL ATTACK ALMOST ANYTHING!
  • 00:07:19.040 --> 00:07:20.260
  • HE EVEN FOUND SOME THAT WILL
  • 00:07:21.060 --> 00:07:24.060
  • ATTACK A NUCLEAR-FUSION
  • 00:07:24.060 --> 00:07:26.280
  • MATERIAL, LIKE THE FUKUSHIMA,
  • 00:07:27.120 --> 00:07:30.120
  • THE BIG REACTOR IN JAPAN.
  • 00:07:30.120 --> 00:07:31.200
  • - DAVID: YES!
  • 00:07:31.200 --> 00:07:33.150
  • - DR. MARTIN: THERE IS A...A,
  • 00:07:33.150 --> 00:07:34.240
  • UH, LIKE A MUSHROOM-TYPE THING
  • 00:07:35.020 --> 00:07:38.020
  • THERE THAT WILL ACTUALLY EAT
  • 00:07:38.020 --> 00:07:39.140
  • THE RADIATION, THE SEISIUM.
  • 00:07:40.060 --> 00:07:43.060
  • WE SHOULD BE GOOD STEWARDS.
  • 00:07:43.060 --> 00:07:45.210
  • BUT GOD HAS ALL THESE DIFFERENT
  • 00:07:45.210 --> 00:07:48.160
  • THINGS HE ALREADY CREATED THAT
  • 00:07:48.160 --> 00:07:49.250
  • HELP TO CLEAN EVERYTHING UP FOR
  • 00:07:49.250 --> 00:07:52.200
  • US, EVEN WHEN WE MAKE BIG
  • 00:07:52.200 --> 00:07:53.290
  • MISTAKES AS PEOPLE.
  • 00:07:53.290 --> 00:07:54.270
  • - DAVID: [LAUGHS]
  • 00:07:54.270 --> 00:07:55.270
  • THAT'S SO FASCINATING!
  • 00:07:55.270 --> 00:07:58.260
  • - DAVID: [INHALES]
  • 00:08:01.100 --> 00:08:02.010
  • OKAY, SO...IF WE DIDN'T HAVE
  • 00:08:02.010 --> 00:08:02.210
  • THIS FUNGUS, TELL ME WHAT WE
  • 00:08:02.210 --> 00:08:03.250
  • WOULD EXPECT TO SEE.
  • 00:08:03.250 --> 00:08:05.180
  • - DR. MARTIN: WE WOULDN'T
  • 00:08:05.180 --> 00:08:07.260
  • EXPECT TO SEE ANYTHING 'CAUSE
  • 00:08:07.260 --> 00:08:08.170
  • WE'D BE BURIED.
  • 00:08:08.170 --> 00:08:09.090
  • - DAVID: AHA!
  • 00:08:09.090 --> 00:08:10.130
  • - DR. MARTIN: [LAUGHS]
  • 00:08:10.130 --> 00:08:11.090
  • WE WOULD BE OUT TO THE SUN IN
  • 00:08:11.090 --> 00:08:12.100
  • JUST DEAD THINGS THAT DIDN'T
  • 00:08:12.100 --> 00:08:13.070
  • DECOMPOSE.
  • 00:08:13.070 --> 00:08:14.090
  • 'CAUSE THINGS DON'T JUST
  • 00:08:14.090 --> 00:08:15.160
  • DECOMPOSE.
  • 00:08:15.160 --> 00:08:17.030
  • YOU TAKE A BONE, PUT IT OUT
  • 00:08:17.030 --> 00:08:17.240
  • HERE -- UNLESS CERTAIN THINGS
  • 00:08:17.240 --> 00:08:19.080
  • START EATING IT AND WORKING ON
  • 00:08:19.080 --> 00:08:21.050
  • IT, IT'LL JUST STAY THERE.
  • 00:08:21.050 --> 00:08:22.260
  • SO, GOD MADE ALL THOSE THINGS
  • 00:08:22.260 --> 00:08:24.180
  • TO DO THAT.
  • 00:08:24.180 --> 00:08:25.100
  • - DAVID: WHAT ABOUT THINGS
  • 00:08:25.100 --> 00:08:26.280
  • LIKE EARTHWORMS, OTHER
  • 00:08:26.280 --> 00:08:27.270
  • CREATURES?
  • 00:08:27.270 --> 00:08:29.160
  • IS IT JUST...FUNGUS, OR FUNGI,
  • 00:08:30.020 --> 00:08:33.020
  • OR IS IT...THE MANY DIFFERENT
  • 00:08:33.020 --> 00:08:34.130
  • THINGS IN PLAY?
  • 00:08:34.130 --> 00:08:35.110
  • - DR. MARTIN: AW, MANY, MANY
  • 00:08:35.110 --> 00:08:36.060
  • DIFFERENT THINGS.
  • 00:08:36.060 --> 00:08:37.170
  • UH, EARTHWORMS -- THEY'RE DOWN
  • 00:08:37.170 --> 00:08:39.170
  • THERE IN THE CHAIN OF THINGS.
  • 00:08:39.280 --> 00:08:42.280
  • AND, OF COURSE, THEY EAT DIRT.
  • 00:08:42.280 --> 00:08:43.190
  • - DAVID: OKAY.
  • 00:08:43.190 --> 00:08:44.030
  • - DR. MARTIN: AND THEY HELP
  • 00:08:44.030 --> 00:08:44.230
  • DECOMPOSE WHAT HASN'T BEEN
  • 00:08:44.230 --> 00:08:45.220
  • DECOMPOSED.
  • 00:08:45.220 --> 00:08:46.290
  • AND, YOU KNOW, YOU THINK:
  • 00:08:46.290 --> 00:08:48.000
  • HOW DOES AN EARTHWORM
  • 00:08:48.000 --> 00:08:48.240
  • GO THROUGH HARD DIRT?
  • 00:08:48.240 --> 00:08:50.260
  • THEY LITERALLY SPIT IN FRONT OF
  • 00:08:50.260 --> 00:08:53.000
  • THEIR FACE AND MOISTEN THE HARD
  • 00:08:53.000 --> 00:08:54.240
  • DIRT SO THEY CAN POKE THEIR
  • 00:08:54.240 --> 00:08:57.000
  • NOSE THROUGH THERE, IF YOU
  • 00:08:57.000 --> 00:08:58.270
  • WANNA CALL IT THAT, AND MOVE A
  • 00:08:58.270 --> 00:09:00.230
  • LITTLE FURTHER.
  • 00:09:00.230 --> 00:09:01.260
  • BUT, YES, THEY BREAK IT DOWN.
  • 00:09:01.260 --> 00:09:02.170
  • WHILE THEY'RE DOING IT, THEY
  • 00:09:02.170 --> 00:09:03.200
  • MAKE TUNNELS.
  • 00:09:03.200 --> 00:09:05.110
  • THAT HELPS TO AERATE THE SOIL.
  • 00:09:05.110 --> 00:09:07.110
  • - DAVID: OKAY.
  • 00:09:07.110 --> 00:09:07.290
  • - DR. MARTIN: THEN, THERE'S A
  • 00:09:07.290 --> 00:09:08.250
  • LITTLE THINGS CALLED
  • 00:09:08.250 --> 00:09:10.090
  • SPRINGTAILS, AND, UH, DIFFERENT
  • 00:09:10.090 --> 00:09:11.200
  • KINDS OF BEETLES, AND
  • 00:09:11.200 --> 00:09:12.260
  • ALL...LITTLE, LITTLE CREATURES
  • 00:09:12.260 --> 00:09:15.260
  • THAT ARE ALL DOING VERY
  • 00:09:15.260 --> 00:09:17.160
  • SPECIFIC JOBS EVEN DOWN UNDER
  • 00:09:17.160 --> 00:09:20.160
  • THE EARTH TO MAKE SURE
  • 00:09:20.160 --> 00:09:22.000
  • EVERYTHING GETS BROKEN DOWN
  • 00:09:22.000 --> 00:09:23.080
  • TO ITS ORIGINAL, BASICALLY,
  • 00:09:23.080 --> 00:09:24.110
  • CHEMICALS.
  • 00:09:24.110 --> 00:09:26.010
  • - DAVID: WE WOULD TAKE SPIKES
  • 00:09:26.010 --> 00:09:27.150
  • SOMETIME AND WE WOULD AERATE
  • 00:09:27.150 --> 00:09:28.240
  • OUR GARDENS AND WE WOULD DO
  • 00:09:28.240 --> 00:09:30.150
  • ALL--
  • 00:09:30.150 --> 00:09:31.070
  • AND THEN, TURN IT ALL OVER.
  • 00:09:31.070 --> 00:09:32.060
  • AND THEN, INTRODUCE THESE...
  • 00:09:32.060 --> 00:09:33.090
  • FERTILIZERS.
  • 00:09:33.090 --> 00:09:35.100
  • AND, MANY TIMES, PUT A BUNCH OF
  • 00:09:35.100 --> 00:09:36.190
  • CHEMICALS ON THERE TO TRY TO
  • 00:09:36.190 --> 00:09:37.230
  • MAKE IT GROW FASTER AND ALL OF
  • 00:09:37.230 --> 00:09:38.190
  • THIS.
  • 00:09:38.190 --> 00:09:39.140
  • BUT GOD'S PLAN SEEMS TO WORK.
  • 00:09:39.140 --> 00:09:42.020
  • SCIENTIFICALLY, THERE'S A
  • 00:09:42.020 --> 00:09:43.250
  • FORMULA THERE THAT HAS
  • 00:09:43.250 --> 00:09:45.110
  • WORKED...EVER SINCE HE CREATED
  • 00:09:45.110 --> 00:09:47.010
  • IT!
  • 00:09:47.010 --> 00:09:48.080
  • - DR. MARTIN: YEA-- IT'S LIKE
  • 00:09:48.080 --> 00:09:50.000
  • HE HAS A RECIPE.
  • 00:09:50.000 --> 00:09:50.240
  • [DAVID LAUGHS]
  • 00:09:50.240 --> 00:09:52.040
  • AND HE FOLLOWS HIS RECIPE.
  • 00:09:52.040 --> 00:09:52.280
  • - DAVID: UH-HUH.
  • 00:09:52.280 --> 00:09:54.010
  • - DR. MARTIN: AND WHEN A BIG
  • 00:09:54.010 --> 00:09:55.030
  • SOMETHING OR ANOTHER DIES,
  • 00:09:55.030 --> 00:09:57.230
  • THERE ARE SOME BIG THINGS THAT
  • 00:09:57.230 --> 00:09:58.140
  • WORK ON IT.
  • 00:09:58.140 --> 00:10:00.210
  • AND THEN, UH, MAYBE, THEN,
  • 00:10:00.210 --> 00:10:01.110
  • THERE'S THINGS INSIDE, LIKE
  • 00:10:01.110 --> 00:10:02.240
  • WHEN WE, UH...WHEN WE DIE, OR
  • 00:10:02.240 --> 00:10:05.120
  • WHEN AN ANIMAL DIES, UH, IT
  • 00:10:05.120 --> 00:10:06.270
  • WILL START TO BLOAT.
  • 00:10:06.270 --> 00:10:09.040
  • CERTAIN BACTERIA STARTS
  • 00:10:09.040 --> 00:10:11.140
  • PRODUCING SOME GASSES INSIDE.
  • 00:10:11.140 --> 00:10:13.240
  • AND...AND THE SKIN'LL BURST.
  • 00:10:13.240 --> 00:10:14.140
  • AND THEN, THAT MAKES ROOM FOR
  • 00:10:14.140 --> 00:10:15.080
  • THE FLIES TO COME IN AND LAY
  • 00:10:15.080 --> 00:10:15.290
  • THEIR MAGGOTS.
  • 00:10:15.290 --> 00:10:18.050
  • AND THE MAGGOTS START EATING
  • 00:10:18.050 --> 00:10:18.260
  • THE ROTTEN FLESH.
  • 00:10:18.260 --> 00:10:20.170
  • AND THEN, ONCE THIS IS ALL
  • 00:10:20.170 --> 00:10:22.030
  • OPENED UP, THEN HERE COMES YOUR
  • 00:10:22.030 --> 00:10:23.150
  • BUZZARDS AND THINGS LIKE THAT
  • 00:10:23.150 --> 00:10:25.070
  • AND THEY'LL START EATING IT.
  • 00:10:25.070 --> 00:10:27.050
  • NOW, EVEN EAGLES -- THEY DON'T
  • 00:10:27.050 --> 00:10:29.020
  • JUST EAT LIVE FISH.
  • 00:10:29.020 --> 00:10:30.240
  • - DAVID: MMH.
  • 00:10:30.240 --> 00:10:31.270
  • - DR. MARTIN: I MEAN, THEY'LL
  • 00:10:31.270 --> 00:10:32.190
  • EAT ROAD KILL, OKAY?
  • 00:10:32.190 --> 00:10:33.100
  • SO, ALL THESE BIRDS AND THINGS
  • 00:10:33.100 --> 00:10:34.070
  • COME IN THERE.
  • 00:10:34.070 --> 00:10:35.030
  • THEN, IT GETS DOWN.
  • 00:10:35.030 --> 00:10:36.030
  • NOW, YOU'RE DOWN TO BONES.
  • 00:10:36.030 --> 00:10:37.020
  • WELL, THEN, HE HAS SOME
  • 00:10:37.020 --> 00:10:38.270
  • DIFFERENT CREATURES THAT LIKE
  • 00:10:38.270 --> 00:10:39.190
  • TO DO THE BONES.
  • 00:10:39.190 --> 00:10:42.000
  • AND, UH-- AND, SO, YES -- ALL
  • 00:10:42.000 --> 00:10:43.020
  • THE WAY UP AND DOWN THE LINE,
  • 00:10:43.020 --> 00:10:44.200
  • GOD HAS PREPARED THE WAY TO GET
  • 00:10:44.200 --> 00:10:46.120
  • RID OF ALL THE DEAD MATERIAL ON
  • 00:10:46.120 --> 00:10:48.110
  • PLANET EARTH.
  • 00:10:48.110 --> 00:10:50.130
  • - DAVID: AND SO, THESE
  • 00:10:50.130 --> 00:10:51.150
  • SCIENTISTS HAVE BEEN
  • 00:10:51.150 --> 00:10:53.060
  • RESEARCHING AND THEY THINK THAT
  • 00:10:53.060 --> 00:10:54.000
  • THERE ARE DIFFERENT TYPES OF
  • 00:10:54.000 --> 00:10:55.010
  • MUSHROOMS THAT COULD CLEAN UP
  • 00:10:55.010 --> 00:10:56.120
  • OIL SPILLS ON THE PLANET, THAT
  • 00:10:56.120 --> 00:10:58.230
  • THERE ARE DIFFERENT TYPES OF
  • 00:10:58.230 --> 00:11:00.290
  • FUNGI THAT COULD PROVIDE A
  • 00:11:00.290 --> 00:11:02.000
  • DEFENSE AGAINST...POSSIBLY
  • 00:11:02.000 --> 00:11:03.000
  • SMALLPOX AND OTHER DISEASES?
  • 00:11:03.230 --> 00:11:06.230
  • - DR. MARTIN: YES, INDEED!
  • 00:11:06.230 --> 00:11:07.130
  • - DAVID: WOW!
  • 00:11:07.130 --> 00:11:08.180
  • - DR. MARTIN: THEY WILL
  • 00:11:08.180 --> 00:11:09.060
  • ACTUALLY...UH, SELECTIVELY PULL
  • 00:11:09.060 --> 00:11:11.210
  • THOSE PARTICULAR DISEASE...UH,
  • 00:11:12.040 --> 00:11:15.040
  • VIRUSES, UM, BACTERIA.
  • 00:11:15.040 --> 00:11:17.280
  • THEY SEEM TO SELECTIVELY PULL
  • 00:11:17.280 --> 00:11:19.090
  • - DAVID: UH, THERE'S A QUOTE
  • 00:11:23.120 --> 00:11:24.160
  • BY ALAN WATSON FEATHERSTONE,
  • 00:11:24.160 --> 00:11:25.210
  • HERE THAT SAYS THAT: "ANIMAL
  • 00:11:25.210 --> 00:11:27.080
  • DECOMPOSERS INCLUDE SCAVENGERS
  • 00:11:27.080 --> 00:11:28.110
  • AND CARRION FEEDERS, WHICH
  • 00:11:28.110 --> 00:11:30.050
  • CONSUME PARTS OF AN ANIMAL
  • 00:11:30.050 --> 00:11:31.020
  • CARCASS, USING IT AS AN ENERGY
  • 00:11:31.020 --> 00:11:33.280
  • SOURCE AND CONVERTING IT INTO
  • 00:11:33.280 --> 00:11:35.210
  • THE TISSUES OF THEIR OWN BODIES
  • 00:11:35.210 --> 00:11:37.150
  • AND THE DUNG THEY EXCRETE.
  • 00:11:37.150 --> 00:11:38.140
  • THESE RANGE FROM FOXES AND
  • 00:11:38.140 --> 00:11:40.110
  • BADGERS TO BIRDS SUCH AS THE
  • 00:11:40.110 --> 00:11:41.110
  • HOODED CROW,
  • 00:11:41.110 --> 00:11:43.010
  • AND...INVERTEBRATES SUCH AS
  • 00:11:43.010 --> 00:11:45.070
  • CARRION FLIES, BLOW-FLIES, AND
  • 00:11:45.070 --> 00:11:46.190
  • VARIOUS BEETLES.
  • 00:11:46.190 --> 00:11:48.060
  • THE DUNG THEY PRODUCE IN TURN
  • 00:11:48.060 --> 00:11:49.030
  • FORMS THE FOOD SOURCE FOR OTHER
  • 00:11:49.030 --> 00:11:50.030
  • ORGANISMS..."
  • 00:11:50.030 --> 00:11:51.080
  • AND, OF COURSE, IT ALSO
  • 00:11:51.080 --> 00:11:52.270
  • FERTILIZES THE GROUND.
  • 00:11:52.270 --> 00:11:53.290
  • "...PARTICULARLY THE DUNG
  • 00:11:53.290 --> 00:11:54.230
  • BEETLES AND BURYING BEETLES,
  • 00:11:54.230 --> 00:11:56.110
  • WHILE SOME FUNGI, INCLUDING THE
  • 00:11:56.290 --> 00:11:59.290
  • DUNG ROUNDHEAD GROW OUT OF
  • 00:11:59.290 --> 00:12:01.100
  • DUNG, HELPING TO BREAK IT
  • 00:12:01.100 --> 00:12:01.290
  • NOW, THAT SOUNDS A LITTLE BIT
  • 00:12:03.210 --> 00:12:04.120
  • DISGUSTING...BUT IT'S ALL PART
  • 00:12:04.120 --> 00:12:05.200
  • OF THIS CYCLE AND THIS...
  • 00:12:05.200 --> 00:12:08.000
  • NEW-AGE TERM OF "THE CIRCLE OF
  • 00:12:08.000 --> 00:12:09.220
  • LIFE."
  • 00:12:09.220 --> 00:12:11.190
  • WELL, GOD HAS MADE EVERYTHING
  • 00:12:11.190 --> 00:12:14.140
  • TO WORK TOGETHER, HASN'T HE?
  • 00:12:14.140 --> 00:12:16.160
  • - DR. MARTIN: OH, HE REALLY
  • 00:12:16.160 --> 00:12:17.060
  • HAS.
  • 00:12:17.060 --> 00:12:18.090
  • REALLY, THE ONLY PEOPLE THAT
  • 00:12:18.090 --> 00:12:19.270
  • REALLY MESS IT UP ARE US...
  • 00:12:19.270 --> 00:12:20.220
  • [DAVID LAUGHS]
  • 00:12:20.220 --> 00:12:21.280
  • ...WHEN YOU COME RIGHT DOWN TO
  • 00:12:21.280 --> 00:12:22.190
  • AND, UH-- SO, WHAT DOES HE SAY?
  • 00:12:25.120 --> 00:12:26.080
  • HE LIKES A SWEET AROMA.
  • 00:12:26.080 --> 00:12:27.200
  • - DR. MARTIN: HE LIKES IT FROM
  • 00:12:30.270 --> 00:12:31.190
  • US, AS WELL AS FROM HIS
  • 00:12:31.190 --> 00:12:32.070
  • CREATION.
  • 00:12:32.070 --> 00:12:34.010
  • AND HE SAYS IN 2 CORINTHIANS,
  • 00:12:34.010 --> 00:12:35.120
  • CHAPTER 2, HE SAYS: "FOR WE
  • 00:12:35.120 --> 00:12:36.170
  • ARE UNTO GOD A SWEET SAVOR..."
  • 00:12:36.170 --> 00:12:39.170
  • -- A SWEET AROMA -- "...OF
  • 00:12:39.170 --> 00:12:40.170
  • CHRIST IN THEM THAT ARE
  • 00:12:40.170 --> 00:12:42.040
  • SAVED..."
  • 00:12:42.040 --> 00:12:42.170
  • AND THEN, EPHESIANS 5, HE SAYS:
  • 00:12:42.170 --> 00:12:43.170
  • "BE YE THEREFORE FOLLOWERS OF
  • 00:12:43.170 --> 00:12:45.240
  • GOD, AS DEAR CHILDREN..."
  • 00:12:45.240 --> 00:12:47.140
  • AND WE CAN'T GO WRONG WHEN WE
  • 00:12:47.140 --> 00:12:48.180
  • FOLLOW GOD.
  • 00:12:48.180 --> 00:12:50.240
  • HE SAYS: "...WALK IN LOVE, AS
  • 00:12:50.240 --> 00:12:52.090
  • CHRIST ALSO HATH LOVED US, AND
  • 00:12:52.090 --> 00:12:53.120
  • HATH GIVEN HIMSELF FOR US AN
  • 00:12:53.240 --> 00:12:56.240
  • OFFERING AND A SACRIFICE TO GOD
  • 00:12:56.240 --> 00:12:57.160
  • FOR A SWEET-SMELLING SAVOR."
  • 00:12:57.160 --> 00:13:00.120
  • - DAVID: WOW.
  • 00:13:00.120 --> 00:13:01.030
  • - DR. MARTIN: SO, OUR GOD
  • 00:13:01.030 --> 00:13:01.220
  • CREATED THE SENSES AND HE KNOWS
  • 00:13:01.220 --> 00:13:03.100
  • WHAT SMELLS GOOD.
  • 00:13:03.100 --> 00:13:05.220
  • AND HE WANTS US TO, IN THAT
  • 00:13:05.220 --> 00:13:07.190
  • SENSE, SMELL GOOD AS WE OBEY
  • 00:13:07.190 --> 00:13:09.220
  • HIM, AND WALK WITH HIM, AND
  • 00:13:09.220 --> 00:13:10.280
  • KNOW HIS SON IS OUR SAVIOR.
  • 00:13:10.280 --> 00:13:13.030
  • - DAVID: WE CAN...FIND A
  • 00:13:13.030 --> 00:13:14.230
  • LESSON TO BE LEARNED, EVEN FROM
  • 00:13:14.230 --> 00:13:16.140
  • A MUSHROOM, RIGHT?
  • 00:13:16.140 --> 00:13:17.260
  • [LAUGHS]
  • 00:13:17.260 --> 00:13:18.110
  • THAT'S AMAZING!
  • 00:13:18.110 --> 00:13:20.160
  • ALL RIGHT, NOW, WE DON'T OFTEN
  • 00:13:20.160 --> 00:13:22.090
  • THINK ABOUT HOW ALL-- ALL OF
  • 00:13:22.090 --> 00:13:24.130
  • THIS WORKS TOGETHER, ESPECIALLY
  • 00:13:24.130 --> 00:13:25.130
  • THOSE LITTLE CREATURES THAT
  • 00:13:25.130 --> 00:13:26.250
  • HELP DECOMPOSE THE LEAVES AND
  • 00:13:26.250 --> 00:13:28.110
  • ALL OF THAT.
  • 00:13:28.110 --> 00:13:29.060
  • BUT WE WENT OUT AND WE ASKED
  • 00:13:29.060 --> 00:13:31.050
  • PEOPLE IN THE STREET, "WHAT
  • 00:13:31.050 --> 00:13:32.010
  • BENEFITS ARE THERE FOR THE
  • 00:13:32.010 --> 00:13:33.030
  • ENVIRONMENT FROM NATURAL
  • 00:13:33.030 --> 00:13:34.150
  • DECOMPOSITION?"
  • 00:13:34.150 --> 00:13:35.250
  • AND HERE'S THE ANSWER WE GOT.
  • 00:13:35.250 --> 00:13:38.130
  • [INDISTINCT CHATTER]
  • 00:13:38.130 --> 00:13:40.150
  • - VOICE OF WOMAN: I WANNA
  • 00:13:40.150 --> 00:13:41.070
  • BRING MY CAMERA.
  • 00:13:41.070 --> 00:13:41.230
  • - INTERVIEWEE: UH, IT ENRICHES
  • 00:13:41.230 --> 00:13:44.180
  • THE SOIL;
  • 00:13:44.180 --> 00:13:45.070
  • IT WAS THE WAY GOD
  • 00:13:45.070 --> 00:13:45.220
  • INTENDED FOR IT TO HAPPEN --
  • 00:13:45.220 --> 00:13:47.030
  • NATURAL DECOMPOSITION;
  • 00:13:47.030 --> 00:13:48.090
  • UM, AND IT GIVES LIFE TO
  • 00:13:48.090 --> 00:13:49.210
  • THE PLANTS, WHICH TURN
  • 00:13:49.210 --> 00:13:50.260
  • AROUND AND GIVE LIFE TO
  • 00:13:50.260 --> 00:13:52.070
  • EVERYTHING ELSE.
  • 00:13:52.070 --> 00:13:53.120
  • - INTERVIEWEE (LEFT):
  • 00:13:53.120 --> 00:13:53.290
  • FERTILIZER.
  • 00:13:53.290 --> 00:13:55.100
  • - INTERVIEWEE (RIGHT): YES.
  • 00:13:55.100 --> 00:13:56.200
  • THE...TREES LOSE THEIR LEAVES
  • 00:13:56.200 --> 00:13:58.120
  • BECAUSE THE NUTRIENTS HAVE
  • 00:13:58.120 --> 00:13:59.210
  • ACTUALLY GONE THROUGH THE TRUNK
  • 00:13:59.210 --> 00:14:02.000
  • AND INTO THE TREE ITSELF.
  • 00:14:02.000 --> 00:14:04.060
  • AND THEN, THE REST OF IT FALLS
  • 00:14:04.060 --> 00:14:05.260
  • OFF AND...GETS USED AGAIN.
  • 00:14:05.260 --> 00:14:07.140
  • SO, IT'S KINDA LIKE A LIFE
  • 00:14:07.140 --> 00:14:08.090
  • CYCLE.
  • 00:14:08.090 --> 00:14:09.230
  • - INTERVIEWEE: DECOMPOSITION
  • 00:14:09.230 --> 00:14:10.240
  • TURNS INTO PLANT LIFE FOR--
  • 00:14:10.240 --> 00:14:13.080
  • LIKE FOOD AND ALL THAT.
  • 00:14:13.080 --> 00:14:14.210
  • - INTERVIEWEE: IT'S JUST GOOD
  • 00:14:14.210 --> 00:14:15.220
  • FOR THINGS TO BE ABLE TO BREAK
  • 00:14:15.220 --> 00:14:17.100
  • DOWN AND NOT JUST...HANG AROUND
  • 00:14:17.100 --> 00:14:18.240
  • FOREVER.
  • 00:14:18.240 --> 00:14:19.130
  • BECAUSE IF SOMETHING CAN
  • 00:14:19.130 --> 00:14:20.260
  • NATURALLY DECOMPOSE, THEN
  • 00:14:20.260 --> 00:14:21.240
  • IT'S...GOING TO START THE WHOLE
  • 00:14:21.240 --> 00:14:23.120
  • CYCLE AGAIN.
  • 00:14:23.120 --> 00:14:24.220
  • - INTERVIEWEE: YEAH, IT ADDS,
  • 00:14:24.220 --> 00:14:26.020
  • LIKE, UH...NITROGEN AND OTHER
  • 00:14:26.020 --> 00:14:28.000
  • COMPOUNDS BACK INTO THE SOIL,
  • 00:14:28.000 --> 00:14:29.220
  • RIGHT?
  • 00:14:29.220 --> 00:14:31.120
  • SO, IT HELPS OTHER THINGS
  • 00:14:31.120 --> 00:14:32.010
  • REGROW.
  • 00:14:32.010 --> 00:14:33.190
  • - INTERVIEWEE: PROBABLY, THE
  • 00:14:33.190 --> 00:14:35.040
  • FIRST ONE THAT JUMPS TO MIND
  • 00:14:35.040 --> 00:14:36.140
  • WOULD BE OUR SOIL COMPOSITION
  • 00:14:36.140 --> 00:14:37.050
  • AND HAVING A GOOD VARIETY OF,
  • 00:14:37.050 --> 00:14:38.110
  • UH...OF-- OF BIODIVERSITY IN
  • 00:14:38.230 --> 00:14:41.230
  • THE SOIL SO THAT DIFFERENT
  • 00:14:41.230 --> 00:14:43.050
  • PLANTS COULD GROW.
  • 00:14:43.050 --> 00:14:44.260
  • - INTERVIEWEE (RIGHT): IT GOES
  • 00:14:44.260 --> 00:14:45.180
  • BACK.
  • 00:14:45.180 --> 00:14:46.040
  • IF BACTERIA EATS SOMETHIN', IT
  • 00:14:46.040 --> 00:14:46.250
  • GOES BACK INTO THE EARTH.
  • 00:14:46.250 --> 00:14:47.140
  • THEN, NEW LIFE COMES OUT.
  • 00:14:47.140 --> 00:14:49.080
  • - INTERVIEWEE: I FIGURE THE
  • 00:14:49.080 --> 00:14:50.000
  • NUTRIENTS AND WHATNOT WILL GO
  • 00:14:50.000 --> 00:14:51.210
  • INTO THE SOIL AND THEN CIRCLE
  • 00:14:51.210 --> 00:14:52.220
  • BACK THROUGH AND...FEED OTHER
  • 00:14:52.220 --> 00:14:53.270
  • ANIMALS OR...WHOEVER.
  • 00:14:53.270 --> 00:14:55.110
  • - INTERVIEWEE (LEFT): YOU
  • 00:14:55.110 --> 00:14:56.150
  • KNOW, ANOTHER ANIMAL OR PLANT
  • 00:14:56.150 --> 00:14:58.020
  • CAN USE...WHAT'S DECOMPOSED.
  • 00:14:58.020 --> 00:15:00.180
  • - INTERVIEWEE: IT ADDS
  • 00:15:00.180 --> 00:15:01.060
  • NUTRIENTS BACK INTO THE GROUND.
  • 00:15:01.060 --> 00:15:02.230
  • - INTERVIEWEE: I MEAN, I GUESS
  • 00:15:02.230 --> 00:15:03.150
  • IT GETS US THINKIN' MORE
  • 00:15:03.150 --> 00:15:04.120
  • CREATIVELY ON, LIKE, WHAT WE
  • 00:15:04.120 --> 00:15:05.050
  • CAN USE FOR...UH...OR, I GUESS
  • 00:15:05.050 --> 00:15:06.130
  • WHAT WE CAN RECYCLE.
  • 00:15:06.200 --> 00:15:09.200
  • - INTERVIEWEE: WELL, IT
  • 00:15:09.200 --> 00:15:10.090
  • FERTILIZES.
  • 00:15:10.090 --> 00:15:11.180
  • YOU KNOW, MOST...KIND OF...GOES
  • 00:15:11.180 --> 00:15:13.050
  • BACK.
  • 00:15:13.050 --> 00:15:14.200
  • YOU KNOW, EVERYTHING GROWS FROM
  • 00:15:14.200 --> 00:15:15.240
  • SOMETHING THAT DIED.
  • 00:15:15.240 --> 00:15:16.210
  • - INTERVIEWEE: I THINK A LOT
  • 00:15:16.210 --> 00:15:17.120
  • OF TIMES WHAT HAS BEEN
  • 00:15:17.120 --> 00:15:19.050
  • DECOMPOSED ACTUALLY IS NEEDED
  • 00:15:19.050 --> 00:15:21.180
  • FOR OUR ENVIRONMENT OR FOR THE
  • 00:15:21.180 --> 00:15:23.200
  • AIR THAT WE BREATHE, UM, IF
  • 00:15:23.200 --> 00:15:25.080
  • IT'S THE RIGHT THINGS THAT ARE
  • 00:15:25.080 --> 00:15:26.120
  • BEING DECOMPOSED OVER TIME THE
  • 00:15:26.120 --> 00:15:27.030
  • RIGHT WAY.
  • 00:15:27.030 --> 00:15:27.260
  • SO, PLASTIC -- NOT SO MUCH,
  • 00:15:27.260 --> 00:15:28.170
  • BUT...
  • 00:15:28.170 --> 00:15:29.230
  • - INTERVIEWEE (RIGHT): THAT'S
  • 00:15:29.230 --> 00:15:30.140
  • HOW WE GOT OUR SOIL AND THAT'S
  • 00:15:30.140 --> 00:15:31.120
  • HOW EVERYTHING GROWS.
  • 00:15:31.120 --> 00:15:33.170
  • YOU HAVE TO HAVE THAT
  • 00:15:33.170 --> 00:15:34.210
  • DECOMPOSITION, YES.
  • 00:15:34.210 --> 00:15:36.190
  • [INDISTINCT CHATTER]
  • 00:15:36.190 --> 00:15:38.250
  • - DAVID: UH, WE GOT SO MANY
  • 00:15:38.250 --> 00:15:40.140
  • GREAT ANSWERS AND SO MANY
  • 00:15:40.140 --> 00:15:42.190
  • CORRECT ANSWERS, BUT NOBODY
  • 00:15:42.190 --> 00:15:43.270
  • SAID ONE OF THE BENEFITS IS IT
  • 00:15:43.270 --> 00:15:46.030
  • MAKES EVERYTHING NOT SMELL.
  • 00:15:46.040 --> 00:15:49.040
  • DID YOU NOTICE THAT?
  • 00:15:49.040 --> 00:15:50.090
  • [LAUGHTER]
  • 00:15:50.090 --> 00:15:51.010
  • - DR. MARTIN: THAT'S TRUE.
  • 00:15:51.010 --> 00:15:51.210
  • THAT IS TRUE.
  • 00:15:51.210 --> 00:15:52.040
  • - DAVID: NO ONE THINKS ABOUT--
  • 00:15:52.040 --> 00:15:52.260
  • I MEAN, I'VE NEVER THOUGHT
  • 00:15:52.260 --> 00:15:53.150
  • ABOUT THAT.
  • 00:15:53.150 --> 00:15:53.270
  • BUT, WHEN WE TALK ABOUT SMELL
  • 00:15:53.270 --> 00:15:55.200
  • AND WE TALK ABOUT SOME OF
  • 00:15:55.200 --> 00:15:57.200
  • THE THINGS THAT NOBODY TALKS
  • 00:15:57.200 --> 00:15:59.000
  • ABOUT -- ANIMALS PRODUCE DUNG
  • 00:15:59.000 --> 00:16:00.260
  • AND LOTS OF IT.
  • 00:16:00.260 --> 00:16:03.170
  • AND THIS IS WHERE A PARTICULAR
  • 00:16:03.170 --> 00:16:05.120
  • ANIMAL COMES ALONG CALLED THE
  • 00:16:05.120 --> 00:16:07.110
  • DUNG BEETLE.
  • 00:16:07.110 --> 00:16:08.030
  • TELL ME ABOUT THIS.
  • 00:16:08.030 --> 00:16:09.030
  • - DR. MARTIN: WELL...THAT'S
  • 00:16:09.030 --> 00:16:09.250
  • AMAZING.
  • 00:16:09.250 --> 00:16:10.100
  • AND, THERE'S DUNG BEETLES ON
  • 00:16:10.100 --> 00:16:11.280
  • EVERY CONTINENT, EXCEPT THE
  • 00:16:11.280 --> 00:16:13.290
  • ANTARCTICA, SO--
  • 00:16:13.290 --> 00:16:14.250
  • - DAVID: REALLY?
  • 00:16:14.250 --> 00:16:15.100
  • - DR. MARTIN: YES.
  • 00:16:15.100 --> 00:16:16.060
  • EVERYWHERE, THERE ARE DIFFERENT
  • 00:16:16.060 --> 00:16:16.280
  • SPECIES OF DUNG BEETLES.
  • 00:16:16.280 --> 00:16:17.270
  • THERE'S DIFFERENT KINDS OF DUNG
  • 00:16:17.270 --> 00:16:19.060
  • BEETLES.
  • 00:16:19.060 --> 00:16:19.220
  • SOME OF 'EM DO THINGS ONE WAY,
  • 00:16:19.220 --> 00:16:20.240
  • ANOTHER WAY.
  • 00:16:20.240 --> 00:16:21.180
  • UH, THE ONE THAT MOST PEOPLE
  • 00:16:21.180 --> 00:16:23.000
  • REMEMBER MOST IS THE ONE OVER
  • 00:16:23.030 --> 00:16:26.030
  • THERE IN AFRICA THAT WILL PUT
  • 00:16:26.030 --> 00:16:27.170
  • AN EGG IN THE MIDDLE OF A BALL
  • 00:16:29.020 --> 00:16:32.020
  • OF DUNG AND THEN ROLL THIS BIG
  • 00:16:32.020 --> 00:16:32.230
  • DUNG BALL.
  • 00:16:33.150 --> 00:16:36.150
  • AND IT CAN ROLL THAT DUNG BALL
  • 00:16:36.150 --> 00:16:37.280
  • IN A STRAIGHT-- HE KNOWS WHERE
  • 00:16:37.280 --> 00:16:39.070
  • HE WANTS TO GO -- OR SHE --
  • 00:16:39.070 --> 00:16:40.220
  • WITH IT.
  • 00:16:40.220 --> 00:16:41.190
  • BUT YOU THINK ABOUT THAT:
  • 00:16:41.190 --> 00:16:42.280
  • THE DUNG BEETLE ROLLING THAT
  • 00:16:42.280 --> 00:16:44.010
  • DUNG BALL IS UPSIDE DOWN AND
  • 00:16:45.210 --> 00:16:48.210
  • BACKWARDS.
  • 00:16:48.210 --> 00:16:49.090
  • IN OTHER WORDS, THEY'RE
  • 00:16:49.090 --> 00:16:50.050
  • BASICALLY STANDING ON THEIR
  • 00:16:50.050 --> 00:16:51.030
  • HEAD AND PUSHING THAT BALL
  • 00:16:51.030 --> 00:16:51.230
  • BACKWARDS.
  • 00:16:51.230 --> 00:16:53.150
  • SO, THEY'RE PUSHING WITH THEIR
  • 00:16:53.150 --> 00:16:55.020
  • TWO BIG HIND FEET -- THE BALL.
  • 00:16:55.220 --> 00:16:58.220
  • - DAVID: UH-HUH.
  • 00:16:58.220 --> 00:16:59.170
  • - DR. MARTIN: THEY'RE PUSHIN'
  • 00:16:59.170 --> 00:17:00.110
  • AHEAD WITH THEIR LITTLE FRONT
  • 00:17:00.110 --> 00:17:01.150
  • FEET.
  • 00:17:01.150 --> 00:17:03.170
  • AND YOU SAY, "WELL, WHERE'S THE
  • 00:17:03.170 --> 00:17:04.090
  • MUSCLES?"
  • 00:17:04.090 --> 00:17:05.050
  • WHEN YOU LOOK AT IT, YOU SEE
  • 00:17:05.050 --> 00:17:05.260
  • JUST...HAIRS COMIN' OUT OF
  • 00:17:05.260 --> 00:17:06.270
  • THEIR-- THEIR BODIES.
  • 00:17:06.270 --> 00:17:07.280
  • LITTLE THINGS.
  • 00:17:07.280 --> 00:17:09.060
  • BUT THEY CAN PUSH--
  • 00:17:09.060 --> 00:17:10.170
  • THERE'S ONE DUNG BEETLE THAT
  • 00:17:10.170 --> 00:17:12.040
  • CAN PUSH, UH, 1.141 TIMES ITS
  • 00:17:13.250 --> 00:17:16.250
  • OWN BODYWEIGHT.
  • 00:17:16.250 --> 00:17:19.080
  • I MEAN, THAT WOULD BE THE
  • 00:17:19.080 --> 00:17:20.130
  • SAME AS A PERSON PULLING SIX
  • 00:17:20.260 --> 00:17:23.260
  • DOUBLE-DECKER BUSES FULL OF
  • 00:17:23.260 --> 00:17:24.190
  • PEOPLE.
  • 00:17:24.190 --> 00:17:25.050
  • - DAVID: WOW!
  • 00:17:25.050 --> 00:17:26.140
  • - DR. MARTIN: IT IS THAT
  • 00:17:26.140 --> 00:17:27.030
  • STRONG!
  • 00:17:27.030 --> 00:17:28.000
  • AND THERE CAN BE OBSTACLES IN
  • 00:17:28.000 --> 00:17:29.180
  • THEIR WAY.
  • 00:17:29.180 --> 00:17:30.030
  • THEY'LL PUSH IT AROUND IT.
  • 00:17:30.030 --> 00:17:31.040
  • BUT THERE'LL BE AN EGG INSIDE
  • 00:17:31.040 --> 00:17:32.050
  • THERE.
  • 00:17:32.050 --> 00:17:33.040
  • AND WHEN THAT EGG HATCHES, IT'S
  • 00:17:33.040 --> 00:17:34.180
  • GONNA EAT THE DUNG.
  • 00:17:34.180 --> 00:17:35.170
  • AND SO, IT'S THE HATCHERY FOR
  • 00:17:35.170 --> 00:17:37.290
  • THE EGG, FOR THE BEETLE.
  • 00:17:37.290 --> 00:17:39.100
  • - DAVID: REALLY?
  • 00:17:39.100 --> 00:17:40.010
  • - DR. MARTIN: YES.
  • 00:17:40.010 --> 00:17:40.170
  • - DAVID: OKAY.
  • 00:17:40.170 --> 00:17:41.170
  • - DR. MARTIN: NOW, THEY DO A
  • 00:17:41.170 --> 00:17:42.200
  • LOT OF HELP TO US,
  • 00:17:42.200 --> 00:17:44.140
  • ALL THE DUNG BEETLES DO.
  • 00:17:44.140 --> 00:17:45.020
  • BECAUSE THEY CLEAN UP THE
  • 00:17:45.020 --> 00:17:45.230
  • COW...PATCHES IN THE PASTURE.
  • 00:17:45.260 --> 00:17:48.260
  • AND, IF THEY DIDN'T CLEAN
  • 00:17:48.260 --> 00:17:50.010
  • 'EM UP, ALL KINDS OF
  • 00:17:50.010 --> 00:17:51.020
  • FLIES AND THINGS WOULD LAY
  • 00:17:51.020 --> 00:17:52.180
  • THEIR EGGS IN THERE.
  • 00:17:52.180 --> 00:17:53.130
  • AND NOW, WE GET ALL THESE
  • 00:17:53.130 --> 00:17:54.190
  • BOTFLIES AND ALL KINDS OF
  • 00:17:54.190 --> 00:17:56.110
  • THINGS THAT ARE GOING BE
  • 00:17:56.110 --> 00:17:59.100
  • HARMFUL PARASITES TO
  • 00:17:59.100 --> 00:18:00.020
  • THE FARM ANIMALS.
  • 00:18:00.020 --> 00:18:02.180
  • SO, THEY DO US A SERVICE BY
  • 00:18:02.180 --> 00:18:03.270
  • CLEANING EVERYTHING UP.
  • 00:18:03.270 --> 00:18:05.210
  • - DAVID: REALLY?
  • 00:18:05.210 --> 00:18:06.220
  • - DR. MARTIN: YES.
  • 00:18:06.220 --> 00:18:07.130
  • - DAVID: NOW, I'VE SEEN VIDEOS
  • 00:18:07.130 --> 00:18:08.170
  • OF THESE BEETLES.
  • 00:18:08.170 --> 00:18:11.030
  • THEY'RE ROLLING THIS THING
  • 00:18:11.030 --> 00:18:12.140
  • ALONG.
  • 00:18:12.140 --> 00:18:13.190
  • BUT, HOW DO THEY GET IT--
  • 00:18:13.190 --> 00:18:15.250
  • THEY'RE GOING BACKWARDS.
  • 00:18:15.250 --> 00:18:16.230
  • HOW DO THEY GET IT WHERE THEY
  • 00:18:16.230 --> 00:18:17.150
  • WANNA GO?
  • 00:18:17.150 --> 00:18:18.240
  • BECAUSE THEY'RE NOT LOOKING
  • 00:18:18.240 --> 00:18:19.170
  • AHEAD OF THEM?
  • 00:18:19.170 --> 00:18:20.060
  • THEY'RE AROUND BACKWARDS,
  • 00:18:20.060 --> 00:18:23.040
  • PUSHING IT.
  • 00:18:23.040 --> 00:18:24.090
  • - DR. MARTIN: WELL...THEY'VE
  • 00:18:24.090 --> 00:18:25.220
  • STUDIED ONE OF THESE,
  • 00:18:25.220 --> 00:18:27.190
  • BUT THEY HAVEN'T STUDIED
  • 00:18:27.190 --> 00:18:28.070
  • ALL OF THEM TO KNOW
  • 00:18:28.070 --> 00:18:28.230
  • HOW THEY DO THIS.
  • 00:18:28.230 --> 00:18:29.080
  • ONE OF THEM USES THE
  • 00:18:29.080 --> 00:18:30.180
  • POLARIZATION OF MOONLIGHT --
  • 00:18:30.210 --> 00:18:33.210
  • A BEETLE THAT, SOMEHOW, THE
  • 00:18:34.240 --> 00:18:37.240
  • POLARIZATION OF MOONLIGHT
  • 00:18:37.240 --> 00:18:39.180
  • GUIDES IT TO WHERE IT WANTS TO
  • 00:18:39.180 --> 00:18:42.180
  • GO.
  • 00:18:42.180 --> 00:18:43.050
  • [DAVID LAUGHS]
  • 00:18:43.050 --> 00:18:43.180
  • - DAVID: OKAY.
  • 00:18:43.180 --> 00:18:45.000
  • - DR. MARTIN: I MEAN...THAT'S
  • 00:18:45.000 --> 00:18:45.210
  • UNBELIEVABLE!
  • 00:18:45.210 --> 00:18:46.040
  • I MEAN, HOW WOULD THAT EVOLVE?
  • 00:18:46.040 --> 00:18:47.020
  • THERE'S NO WAY!
  • 00:18:47.020 --> 00:18:48.040
  • GOD HAD TO DO THAT.
  • 00:18:48.040 --> 00:18:49.070
  • GOD-- HE'S BUILT INTO THESE
  • 00:18:49.070 --> 00:18:51.020
  • TEENY LITTLE CREATURES THINGS
  • 00:18:51.020 --> 00:18:52.070
  • THAT THE SCIENTISTS -- THEY
  • 00:18:52.070 --> 00:18:53.200
  • CAN'T EVEN FIGURE IT OUT.
  • 00:18:53.200 --> 00:18:55.070
  • "HOW CAN THAT BE?"
  • 00:18:55.070 --> 00:18:56.010
  • - DAVID: WHY DO YOU THINK--
  • 00:18:56.010 --> 00:18:58.140
  • WHAT WOULD BE AN EVOLUTIONARY
  • 00:18:58.140 --> 00:19:00.060
  • ANSWER TO WHY WE HAVE THESE
  • 00:19:00.060 --> 00:19:02.070
  • THINGS?
  • 00:19:02.070 --> 00:19:03.080
  • THEY FILLED SOME ECOLOGICAL
  • 00:19:03.080 --> 00:19:05.100
  • NICHE BECAUSE THEY REALIZED--
  • 00:19:05.100 --> 00:19:06.220
  • BECAUSE NATURE REALIZED THAT WE
  • 00:19:07.040 --> 00:19:10.040
  • NEEDED A CLEANUP SYSTEM?
  • 00:19:10.040 --> 00:19:11.120
  • - DR. MARTIN: I DON'T THINK
  • 00:19:11.120 --> 00:19:13.110
  • EVOLUTION HAS ANY ANSWER AT ALL
  • 00:19:13.110 --> 00:19:14.030
  • OKAY, NOW, THE ANSWER THEY
  • 00:19:16.200 --> 00:19:17.120
  • ALWAYS GIVE ME ON EVERYTHING --
  • 00:19:17.120 --> 00:19:18.170
  • ON THE CAMPUSES WHERE WE SPEAK
  • 00:19:18.170 --> 00:19:19.200
  • -- "WELL, JUST GIVE US ENOUGH
  • 00:19:19.200 --> 00:19:20.210
  • TIME -- IT'S GONNA HAPPEN."
  • 00:19:20.210 --> 00:19:21.280
  • - DAVID: AH.
  • 00:19:21.280 --> 00:19:23.020
  • - DR. MARTIN: WELL, THIS -- IF
  • 00:19:23.020 --> 00:19:23.240
  • IT DIDN'T HAPPEN AND THERE WERE
  • 00:19:23.240 --> 00:19:24.160
  • NO DUNG BEETLES, WE WOULD BE
  • 00:19:24.160 --> 00:19:25.250
  • HAVING TO TAKE A SHOVEL OUT AND
  • 00:19:26.170 --> 00:19:29.170
  • FIND OUR WAY THROUGH A HUNDRED
  • 00:19:29.170 --> 00:19:30.080
  • BECAUSE IT'S-- IT'D STILL BE
  • 00:19:32.250 --> 00:19:33.150
  • THERE.
  • 00:19:33.150 --> 00:19:34.150
  • SO, YES, THEY'D CLEAN IT UP FOR
  • 00:19:34.150 --> 00:19:35.080
  • US.
  • 00:19:35.080 --> 00:19:36.180
  • - DAVID: WHAT ABOUT THE
  • 00:19:36.180 --> 00:19:37.210
  • EFFECTS THAT DUNG BEETLES HAVE
  • 00:19:37.250 --> 00:19:40.250
  • TO REPLACE NUTRIENTS IN THE
  • 00:19:40.250 --> 00:19:41.150
  • SOIL?
  • 00:19:41.150 --> 00:19:43.000
  • THEY TUNNEL DOWN, SOMETIMES,
  • 00:19:43.000 --> 00:19:44.000
  • DON'T THEY?
  • 00:19:44.000 --> 00:19:45.110
  • - DR. MARTIN: YEAH, SOME OF
  • 00:19:45.110 --> 00:19:46.250
  • THE BEETLES DO.
  • 00:19:46.250 --> 00:19:47.100
  • THEY TUNNEL DOWN AND THEY TAKE
  • 00:19:47.100 --> 00:19:48.050
  • THE DUNG DOWN WITH THEM.
  • 00:19:48.050 --> 00:19:48.280
  • SO, THEY MAKE A TUNNEL.
  • 00:19:48.280 --> 00:19:51.030
  • NOW, THEY'RE ADDING FERTILIZER,
  • 00:19:51.030 --> 00:19:51.280
  • DOWN UNDERNEATH THE SURFACE.
  • 00:19:51.280 --> 00:19:53.110
  • SO, WHEN THE PLANTS START
  • 00:19:53.110 --> 00:19:54.100
  • GROWING, THEY PUT THEIR ROOTS
  • 00:19:54.100 --> 00:19:55.010
  • DOWN THERE.
  • 00:19:55.010 --> 00:19:55.220
  • NOW, THEY HAVE MORE OXYGEN
  • 00:19:55.220 --> 00:19:56.110
  • COMIN' IN WITH THE TUNNELS.
  • 00:19:56.110 --> 00:19:58.230
  • NOW, THEY HAVE FERTILIZER.
  • 00:19:58.230 --> 00:19:59.120
  • THEY CAN GROW, SO THEY
  • 00:19:59.120 --> 00:20:00.070
  • HELP TO FERTILIZE AS WELL AS
  • 00:20:00.070 --> 00:20:00.270
  • AERATE THE SOIL.
  • 00:20:00.270 --> 00:20:02.170
  • - DAVID: IT'S ALMOST LIKE THE
  • 00:20:02.170 --> 00:20:03.080
  • EARTHWORMS THAT WE TALKED ABOUT
  • 00:20:03.080 --> 00:20:04.050
  • EARLIER, ISN'T IT?
  • 00:20:04.050 --> 00:20:05.190
  • - DR. MARTIN: IT IS
  • 00:20:05.190 --> 00:20:06.130
  • DEFINITELY.
  • 00:20:06.130 --> 00:20:07.180
  • DEFINITELY.
  • 00:20:07.180 --> 00:20:08.160
  • SIMILAR THINGS DONE IN
  • 00:20:08.160 --> 00:20:09.130
  • DIFFERENT WAYS TO ACCOMPLISH
  • 00:20:10.040 --> 00:20:13.040
  • SIMILAR ENDS, WHICH IS TO-- TO
  • 00:20:13.040 --> 00:20:14.060
  • GET THE NUTRIENTS BACK DOWN IN
  • 00:20:14.060 --> 00:20:16.020
  • THE SOIL IN A WAY THAT THE
  • 00:20:16.020 --> 00:20:18.000
  • PLANTS CAN PICK THEM UP, AND
  • 00:20:18.000 --> 00:20:19.200
  • NOW, HERE WE GO.
  • 00:20:19.200 --> 00:20:20.250
  • WE'RE RECYCLING EVERYTHING.
  • 00:20:20.250 --> 00:20:22.050
  • - DAVID: THERE'S A PASSAGE IN
  • 00:20:22.050 --> 00:20:23.030
  • JEREMIAH THAT SAYS THAT GOD
  • 00:20:23.040 --> 00:20:26.040
  • "HAS MADE THE EARTH BY HIS
  • 00:20:26.040 --> 00:20:28.180
  • POWER," THAT HE "ESTABLISHED
  • 00:20:28.180 --> 00:20:29.090
  • THE WORLD BY HIS WISDOM."
  • 00:20:29.090 --> 00:20:31.010
  • AND, WE'RE TALKING ABOUT
  • 00:20:31.010 --> 00:20:32.130
  • A GOD WHO IS...SO INTELLIGENT
  • 00:20:32.130 --> 00:20:35.130
  • -- ALL-KNOWING -- THAT HE KNOWS
  • 00:20:35.130 --> 00:20:38.070
  • EXACTLY WHAT WE NEED, AND,
  • 00:20:38.070 --> 00:20:39.000
  • EVERY STEP ALONG THE WAY,
  • 00:20:39.000 --> 00:20:40.110
  • WHAT'S GOING BE NEEDED TO
  • 00:20:40.110 --> 00:20:42.200
  • MAINTAIN THIS COMPLEX ECOSYSTEM
  • 00:20:44.150 --> 00:20:47.150
  • OF THINGS OF WORKING TOGETHER
  • 00:20:47.150 --> 00:20:48.060
  • FOR THE GOOD OF THE WHOLE,
  • 00:20:48.060 --> 00:20:49.040
  • RIGHT?
  • 00:20:49.040 --> 00:20:49.180
  • - DR. MARTIN: OH, YES.
  • 00:20:49.180 --> 00:20:50.280
  • YOU WERE READING THERE OUT OF
  • 00:20:50.280 --> 00:20:51.230
  • JEREMIAH, CHAPTER 10.
  • 00:20:51.230 --> 00:20:52.260
  • AND, WHAT'S IT SAY IN THERE?
  • 00:20:52.260 --> 00:20:55.060
  • NOT ONLY DOES IT SAY, "HE HAS
  • 00:20:55.060 --> 00:20:57.010
  • MADE THE EARTH BY HIS POWER; HE
  • 00:20:57.010 --> 00:20:58.230
  • HAS ESTABLISHED THE WORLD BY
  • 00:20:58.230 --> 00:21:00.070
  • HIS WISDOM."
  • 00:21:00.070 --> 00:21:01.150
  • THINK OF THE WISDOM THAT WENT
  • 00:21:01.150 --> 00:21:02.190
  • INTO GOD'S CREATION!
  • 00:21:02.190 --> 00:21:03.160
  • JUST...TO KNOW: WELL, YOU KNOW,
  • 00:21:03.240 --> 00:21:06.240
  • I'M GONNA CREATE THESE ANIMALS.
  • 00:21:06.240 --> 00:21:07.270
  • THEY'RE GONNA HAVE WASTE
  • 00:21:07.270 --> 00:21:08.170
  • PRODUCTS.
  • 00:21:08.170 --> 00:21:10.210
  • WE GOTTA DO SOMETHING ABOUT THE
  • 00:21:10.210 --> 00:21:11.130
  • WASTE.
  • 00:21:11.130 --> 00:21:11.230
  • IF ONE OF THEM DIES, WE GOTTA
  • 00:21:11.230 --> 00:21:12.250
  • DO SOMETHIN' 'BOUT THAT.
  • 00:21:12.250 --> 00:21:13.290
  • - DAVID: MMH.
  • 00:21:13.290 --> 00:21:14.260
  • - DR. MARTIN: AND SO, HE
  • 00:21:14.260 --> 00:21:15.190
  • THOUGHT ALL THAT THROUGH AND
  • 00:21:15.190 --> 00:21:16.270
  • HAD EXACTLY THE RIGHT LITTLE
  • 00:21:16.270 --> 00:21:18.140
  • THINGS RIGHT WHERE THEY NEED TO
  • 00:21:18.140 --> 00:21:19.260
  • BE TO CLEAN IT ALL UP.
  • 00:21:19.260 --> 00:21:21.120
  • - DAVID: AMAZING...AMAZING.
  • 00:21:21.120 --> 00:21:22.160
  • UH, TODAY, WE THINK -- I MEAN,
  • 00:21:23.150 --> 00:21:26.150
  • AT LEAST, IT'S POPULAR OPINION
  • 00:21:26.150 --> 00:21:28.070
  • -- THAT HUMANS ARE...A PROBLEM;
  • 00:21:28.130 --> 00:21:31.130
  • THAT WE ARE CAUSING
  • 00:21:31.130 --> 00:21:33.100
  • ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS ON THE
  • 00:21:33.100 --> 00:21:35.130
  • EARTH; THAT, YOU KNOW, CLIMATE
  • 00:21:35.130 --> 00:21:37.210
  • CHANGE BECAUSE OF THE CARS THAT
  • 00:21:37.210 --> 00:21:39.230
  • WE HAVE, OR THE FACTORIES, OR
  • 00:21:39.230 --> 00:21:41.240
  • THE THINGS WE'RE PRODUCING IS
  • 00:21:41.240 --> 00:21:43.150
  • NEGATIVELY IMPACTING THE
  • 00:21:43.150 --> 00:21:45.220
  • ENVIRONMENT; THAT WE HAVE TO
  • 00:21:45.220 --> 00:21:47.040
  • PROTECT THE ANIMALS -- AND
  • 00:21:47.040 --> 00:21:49.100
  • THEY CAN DO ANYTHING THEY WANNA
  • 00:21:49.100 --> 00:21:51.010
  • DO -- BUT WE AS HUMANS -- WE'RE
  • 00:21:51.010 --> 00:21:53.090
  • SORT OF REDUCED BELOW THE
  • 00:21:53.090 --> 00:21:55.120
  • ANIMALS, ALMOST.
  • 00:21:55.120 --> 00:21:57.080
  • HAVE YOU NOTICED THAT?
  • 00:21:57.080 --> 00:21:58.040
  • - DR. MARTIN: WELL, YES --
  • 00:21:58.040 --> 00:21:58.240
  • INDEED.
  • 00:21:58.240 --> 00:21:59.190
  • THAT, I THINK, GOES BACK TO
  • 00:21:59.190 --> 00:22:00.110
  • GENESIS 3, WHERE ACTUALLY,
  • 00:22:00.110 --> 00:22:01.070
  • GOD'S CREATED ORDER IS: GOD; IN
  • 00:22:05.200 --> 00:22:07.110
  • SUBMISSION TO GOD, THE MAN
  • 00:22:07.110 --> 00:22:08.070
  • ADAM; IN SUBMISSION TO THE MAN
  • 00:22:08.160 --> 00:22:11.160
  • ADAM, HIS WIFE, EVE; IN
  • 00:22:11.160 --> 00:22:13.080
  • SUBMISSION TO ADAM AND EVE, THE
  • 00:22:13.080 --> 00:22:14.070
  • WHAT HAPPENED AT THE FALL AND
  • 00:22:16.120 --> 00:22:17.030
  • THE CURSE?
  • 00:22:17.030 --> 00:22:17.170
  • IT ALL GOT TURNED UPSIDE DOWN.
  • 00:22:17.170 --> 00:22:19.130
  • - DAVID: MMH...
  • 00:22:19.130 --> 00:22:19.290
  • - DR. MARTIN: NOW, WE HAVE THE
  • 00:22:19.290 --> 00:22:21.160
  • ANIMAL, THE SERPENT, AND THE
  • 00:22:21.160 --> 00:22:22.060
  • WOMAN EVE SUBMITS TO THE
  • 00:22:22.060 --> 00:22:23.070
  • ANIMAL: "TAKE A BITE."
  • 00:22:23.070 --> 00:22:23.290
  • - DAVID: AH.
  • 00:22:23.290 --> 00:22:25.120
  • - DR. MARTIN: THE MAN SUBMITS
  • 00:22:25.120 --> 00:22:26.030
  • TO THE WOMAN: "HEY, ADAM, TAKE
  • 00:22:26.030 --> 00:22:27.030
  • A BITE."
  • 00:22:27.030 --> 00:22:28.000
  • AND THAT PUTS GOD UNDER
  • 00:22:28.000 --> 00:22:29.010
  • EVERYTHING INSTEAD OF OVER
  • 00:22:29.010 --> 00:22:29.280
  • EVERYTHING.
  • 00:22:29.280 --> 00:22:32.140
  • AND WHAT DID THAT DO?
  • 00:22:32.140 --> 00:22:33.010
  • THAT ELEVATED ANIMALS TO BE
  • 00:22:33.010 --> 00:22:33.260
  • MORE IMPORTANT THAN PEOPLE!
  • 00:22:33.260 --> 00:22:36.100
  • I MEAN, WE HAVE FRIENDS THAT
  • 00:22:36.100 --> 00:22:37.000
  • TAKE BETTER CARE OF THEIR
  • 00:22:37.000 --> 00:22:38.130
  • ANIMALS THAN THEY DO THEIR
  • 00:22:38.130 --> 00:22:39.180
  • OWN CHILDREN!
  • 00:22:39.180 --> 00:22:40.220
  • IN THE UNITED STATES, WE HAVE
  • 00:22:40.220 --> 00:22:41.190
  • MORE LAWS TO PROTECT ANIMALS
  • 00:22:41.190 --> 00:22:43.140
  • THAN BABIES IN A HUMAN'S WOMB.
  • 00:22:43.140 --> 00:22:45.170
  • AND, EVEN NOW, OUT OF THE HUMAN
  • 00:22:45.170 --> 00:22:46.220
  • WOMB, IT SOUNDS LIKE!
  • 00:22:46.220 --> 00:22:47.180
  • [DAVE GIVES TROUBLED SIGH]
  • 00:22:47.180 --> 00:22:48.250
  • - DAVID: ABSOLUTELY, WHICH
  • 00:22:48.250 --> 00:22:49.190
  • IS--
  • 00:22:49.190 --> 00:22:50.000
  • - DR. MARTIN: WE--
  • 00:22:50.000 --> 00:22:50.240
  • - DAVID: -- A SCARY THING.
  • 00:22:50.240 --> 00:22:52.020
  • IT REALLY IS, BECAUSE WE
  • 00:22:52.020 --> 00:22:53.260
  • KNOW -- SCIENCE HAS PROVEN --
  • 00:22:53.260 --> 00:22:55.120
  • WE'RE TALKING ABOUT REAL
  • 00:22:55.120 --> 00:22:56.140
  • SCIENTIFIC FACTS, HERE -- THAT
  • 00:22:56.140 --> 00:22:57.220
  • FROM THE MOMENT OF CONCEPTION,
  • 00:22:57.260 --> 00:23:00.280
  • THAT INDIVIDUAL, IN THE
  • 00:23:00.280 --> 00:23:02.000
  • MOTHER'S WOMB, HAS ITS OWN
  • 00:23:02.000 --> 00:23:03.100
  • UNIQUE DNA CODE.
  • 00:23:03.100 --> 00:23:06.060
  • IT IS A UNIQUE HUMAN
  • 00:23:06.060 --> 00:23:08.040
  • BEING...FROM THE VERY FIRST
  • 00:23:08.050 --> 00:23:11.050
  • NOT FROM BIRTH!
  • 00:23:11.050 --> 00:23:11.260
  • AND WE'VE REDUCED IT TO A MERE
  • 00:23:11.260 --> 00:23:12.170
  • ANIMAL.
  • 00:23:12.170 --> 00:23:13.120
  • LISTEN, I-I WANT YOU TO TACKLE
  • 00:23:13.120 --> 00:23:14.210
  • A QUESTION FROM ONE OF OUR
  • 00:23:14.210 --> 00:23:16.200
  • VIEWERS, RIGHT NOW, BEFORE WE
  • 00:23:16.200 --> 00:23:17.160
  • MOVE ON.
  • 00:23:20.150 --> 00:23:23.150
  • - FEMALE ON CAMERA: DO YOU
  • 00:23:23.150 --> 00:23:24.180
  • THINK HUMANS NEGATIVELY AFFECT
  • 00:23:24.180 --> 00:23:25.290
  • OUR ENVIRONMENT?
  • 00:23:28.050 --> 00:23:31.050
  • - DAVID: AND, OF COURSE, THIS
  • 00:23:31.050 --> 00:23:31.260
  • IS SORT OF TAGGING ON TO WHAT
  • 00:23:31.260 --> 00:23:33.100
  • WE WERE JUST TALKING ABOUT.
  • 00:23:33.100 --> 00:23:34.270
  • WHAT DO YOU THINK ABOUT THAT?
  • 00:23:34.270 --> 00:23:36.020
  • - DR. MARTIN: WELL...HUMANS
  • 00:23:36.020 --> 00:23:36.290
  • CAN!
  • 00:23:36.290 --> 00:23:38.070
  • - DAVID: MM-HMM.
  • 00:23:38.070 --> 00:23:38.280
  • - DR. MARTIN: I MEAN, WE'RE
  • 00:23:38.280 --> 00:23:39.230
  • SUPPOSED TO BE, BY GOD'S PLAN,
  • 00:23:39.230 --> 00:23:41.020
  • THE BEST STEWARDS OF PLANET
  • 00:23:41.020 --> 00:23:43.250
  • EARTH THAT WE COULD EVER BE.
  • 00:23:43.250 --> 00:23:46.140
  • WE'RE SUPPOSED TO TAKE CARE OF
  • 00:23:46.140 --> 00:23:47.110
  • IT.
  • 00:23:47.110 --> 00:23:47.250
  • AND BECAUSE OF GREED, I
  • 00:23:47.250 --> 00:23:48.130
  • THINK -- AND SOME OTHER THINGS
  • 00:23:48.130 --> 00:23:49.230
  • -- SOME PEOPLE, UH, IF THEY CAN
  • 00:23:49.230 --> 00:23:52.080
  • MAKE MORE MONEY, THEY DON'T
  • 00:23:52.080 --> 00:23:53.100
  • CARE IF THEY POLLUTE THE EARTH,
  • 00:23:53.100 --> 00:23:54.200
  • THEY DON'T CARE IF THEY DESTROY
  • 00:23:54.200 --> 00:23:55.270
  • THE EARTH.
  • 00:23:55.270 --> 00:23:57.270
  • AND, SO, YES --
  • 00:23:57.270 --> 00:23:58.120
  • I THINK WE CAN.
  • 00:23:58.120 --> 00:23:59.120
  • NOW, CAN WE DESTROY THE EARTH?
  • 00:23:59.120 --> 00:24:00.150
  • NO.
  • 00:24:00.150 --> 00:24:02.060
  • GOD IS IN CONTROL, OKAY?
  • 00:24:02.060 --> 00:24:04.040
  • IT DOESN'T MATTER HOW BAD WE
  • 00:24:04.040 --> 00:24:05.070
  • GET, HE'LL HAVE WAYS TO TAKE
  • 00:24:05.070 --> 00:24:06.210
  • CARE OF IT...FOR AT LEAST
  • 00:24:06.210 --> 00:24:08.190
  • ANOTHER THOUSAND AND SOME YEARS,
  • 00:24:08.190 --> 00:24:09.250
  • AS FAR AS I CAN TELL,
  • 00:24:09.250 --> 00:24:11.250
  • ACCORDING TO THE BIBLE, OKAY?
  • 00:24:11.250 --> 00:24:12.200
  • SO, WE DON'T HAVE TO WORRY
  • 00:24:12.200 --> 00:24:13.090
  • ABOUT WE'RE GONNA BURN UP OR
  • 00:24:13.090 --> 00:24:14.060
  • BLOW UP...
  • 00:24:14.060 --> 00:24:15.050
  • [DAVID LAUGHS]
  • 00:24:15.050 --> 00:24:15.240
  • ...AT LEAST NOT YET, OKAY?
  • 00:24:15.240 --> 00:24:17.110
  • YEAH, IT'S ALL GONNA BE
  • 00:24:17.110 --> 00:24:18.100
  • DESTROYED BY FIRE SOMETIME.
  • 00:24:18.100 --> 00:24:19.270
  • - DAVID: OR BE FLOODED AGAIN,
  • 00:24:19.270 --> 00:24:21.100
  • RIGHT?
  • 00:24:21.100 --> 00:24:22.000
  • - DR. MARTIN: WELL--
  • 00:24:22.000 --> 00:24:22.180
  • - DAVID: WE'VE GOT THAT
  • 00:24:22.180 --> 00:24:23.060
  • PROMISE.
  • 00:24:23.060 --> 00:24:23.280
  • - DR. MARTIN: --I THINK IT'LL
  • 00:24:23.280 --> 00:24:25.060
  • NEVER BE FLOODED AGAIN.
  • 00:24:25.060 --> 00:24:26.100
  • GOD SAID: I'LL NEVER DO THAT
  • 00:24:26.100 --> 00:24:27.000
  • AGAIN.
  • 00:24:27.000 --> 00:24:27.190
  • AND IT NEVER HAS!
  • 00:24:27.190 --> 00:24:28.090
  • BUT WE SURE HAVE EVIDENCE THAT
  • 00:24:30.190 --> 00:24:31.100
  • HE DID AT ONE TIME -- LIKE YOU
  • 00:24:31.100 --> 00:24:32.010
  • GOING DOWN IN THE GRAND CANYON.
  • 00:24:32.010 --> 00:24:32.250
  • FROM THE VERY ROCK LAYERS
  • 00:24:35.270 --> 00:24:36.160
  • THEMSELVES, FULL OF ALL OF
  • 00:24:36.160 --> 00:24:37.110
  • THESE ANIMALS AND FULL OF ALL
  • 00:24:37.110 --> 00:24:39.080
  • OF THESE PLANTS THAT TAKE CARE
  • 00:24:39.080 --> 00:24:40.110
  • OF THE EARTH, YOU SEE IN THOSE
  • 00:24:40.110 --> 00:24:42.000
  • ROCKS THE EVIDENCE OF...A
  • 00:24:42.000 --> 00:24:44.200
  • GLOBAL FLOOD, OF GOD'S
  • 00:24:44.200 --> 00:24:46.220
  • JUDGMENT, HIS RIGHTEOUSNESS
  • 00:24:46.220 --> 00:24:47.220
  • THROUGHOUT THE ENTIRE EARTH.
  • 00:24:47.280 --> 00:24:50.280
  • NOW, WE'VE ONLY GOT A FEW
  • 00:24:50.280 --> 00:24:51.280
  • MOMENTS LEFT, BUT, BEFORE WE
  • 00:24:51.280 --> 00:24:54.130
  • CLOSE, I WANNA TOUCH ON THE
  • 00:24:54.180 --> 00:24:57.180
  • VULTURE, THE BEARDED VULTURE.
  • 00:24:57.180 --> 00:24:59.060
  • - DR. MARTIN: WELL, THE
  • 00:25:01.080 --> 00:25:01.290
  • BEARDED VULTURE'S KIND OF A
  • 00:25:01.290 --> 00:25:02.190
  • FASCINATING BIRD.
  • 00:25:02.190 --> 00:25:03.050
  • BECAUSE IT LIKES TO EAT BONES.
  • 00:25:03.050 --> 00:25:04.240
  • I MEAN, WE HAVE-- GOD MADE
  • 00:25:04.240 --> 00:25:06.090
  • CREATURES TO GET RID OF
  • 00:25:06.090 --> 00:25:07.170
  • EVERYTHING.
  • 00:25:07.170 --> 00:25:09.070
  • AND YOU THINK: WELL, IF THERE'S
  • 00:25:09.070 --> 00:25:09.290
  • ANYTHING LEFT, IT'S GONNA BE A
  • 00:25:09.290 --> 00:25:10.200
  • BONE OUT HERE.
  • 00:25:10.200 --> 00:25:11.230
  • WELL, NOW, WE HAVE THE BEARDED
  • 00:25:11.230 --> 00:25:12.140
  • VULTURE.
  • 00:25:12.140 --> 00:25:14.000
  • BY THE WAY, HYENAS'LL DO THE
  • 00:25:14.000 --> 00:25:14.200
  • SAME THING.
  • 00:25:14.200 --> 00:25:15.290
  • BUT THE BEARDED VULTURE WILL
  • 00:25:15.290 --> 00:25:16.190
  • EAT BONES.
  • 00:25:16.190 --> 00:25:17.000
  • AND IT LIKES DRY BONES.
  • 00:25:17.000 --> 00:25:17.260
  • IT LIKES THE OLD, DRY BONES --
  • 00:25:17.260 --> 00:25:18.210
  • MAYBE BECAUSE THEY'RE MAYBE
  • 00:25:18.210 --> 00:25:20.180
  • 30 PERCENT LESS HEAVY, 'CAUSE
  • 00:25:20.180 --> 00:25:22.040
  • THEY DON'T HAVE AS MUCH
  • 00:25:22.040 --> 00:25:23.180
  • MOISTURE IN THEM, AND IT NEEDS
  • 00:25:23.180 --> 00:25:24.090
  • TO FLY, BUT IT'LL GET THOSE
  • 00:25:24.090 --> 00:25:25.020
  • BONES.
  • 00:25:25.020 --> 00:25:27.240
  • AND, MANY TIMES, IT'LL TAKE A
  • 00:25:27.240 --> 00:25:28.280
  • BIG BONE, HAVE IT-- IT CAN'T
  • 00:25:28.280 --> 00:25:31.010
  • EVEN SWALLOW THE WHOLE BONE,
  • 00:25:31.010 --> 00:25:31.230
  • ALL RIGHT?
  • 00:25:31.230 --> 00:25:32.150
  • SO, IT'LL FLY AWAY WITH THIS
  • 00:25:32.150 --> 00:25:33.120
  • BIG BONE HANGIN' OUT OF ITS
  • 00:25:33.120 --> 00:25:34.020
  • MOUTH.
  • 00:25:34.020 --> 00:25:35.150
  • - DAVID: WOW.
  • 00:25:35.150 --> 00:25:36.240
  • - DR. MARTIN: AND IT HAS A
  • 00:25:36.240 --> 00:25:37.290
  • DIGESTIVE TRACK THAT'S RATHER
  • 00:25:37.290 --> 00:25:39.010
  • SHORT, BUT INCREDIBLE AMOUNTS
  • 00:25:39.010 --> 00:25:41.070
  • OF ACID.
  • 00:25:41.070 --> 00:25:44.060
  • AND SO, IT JUST KIND OF
  • 00:25:44.060 --> 00:25:44.240
  • IT MIGHT TAKE IT SEVERAL HOURS!
  • 00:25:46.200 --> 00:25:47.230
  • - DAVID: WOW!
  • 00:25:47.230 --> 00:25:48.110
  • - DR. MARTIN: AND SO, IT CAN
  • 00:25:48.110 --> 00:25:49.100
  • FLY WITH A BONE FLYIN', HANGIN'
  • 00:25:49.100 --> 00:25:50.240
  • OUT OF ITS MOUTH -- AND HALF
  • 00:25:50.240 --> 00:25:51.140
  • SWALLOWED!
  • 00:25:51.140 --> 00:25:53.090
  • AND IT JUST KIND OF LETS IT GO
  • 00:25:53.090 --> 00:25:54.200
  • DOWN-- LIKE THOSE THINGS THEY
  • 00:25:54.200 --> 00:25:55.160
  • PUT THOSE LOGS INTO, WHERE
  • 00:25:55.160 --> 00:25:56.230
  • THEY'LL SHRED A LOG, YOU KNOW?
  • 00:25:56.230 --> 00:25:58.090
  • [DAVID LAUGHS]
  • 00:25:58.090 --> 00:25:59.040
  • WELL, THAT'S HOW THESE BONES GO
  • 00:25:59.040 --> 00:25:59.260
  • DOWN THIS BIRD.
  • 00:25:59.260 --> 00:26:02.120
  • SO, IT CAN FLY...WHILE IT STILL
  • 00:26:02.120 --> 00:26:03.290
  • HAS A BONE HANGIN' OUT OF ITS
  • 00:26:03.290 --> 00:26:05.120
  • MOUTH.
  • 00:26:05.120 --> 00:26:06.020
  • [DAVID LAUGHS]
  • 00:26:06.020 --> 00:26:06.160
  • - DAVID: AND, YOU TALK ABOUT
  • 00:26:06.160 --> 00:26:07.120
  • THIS MORE ON A VIDEO CALLED
  • 00:26:07.120 --> 00:26:09.250
  • "GOD'S ENVIRONMENTAL CLEANUP
  • 00:26:09.250 --> 00:26:10.150
  • SYSTEMS."
  • 00:26:10.150 --> 00:26:12.070
  • BECAUSE, "WHAT WOULD HAPPEN IF
  • 00:26:12.070 --> 00:26:14.020
  • WASTE, DEBRIS, DEAD THINGS WERE
  • 00:26:14.020 --> 00:26:15.050
  • NEVER CLEANED UP?"
  • 00:26:15.050 --> 00:26:16.030
  • WELL, THAT'S A GOOD QUESTION.
  • 00:26:16.030 --> 00:26:17.110
  • AND IT'S ANSWERED BECAUSE OF
  • 00:26:17.110 --> 00:26:19.060
  • GOD'S PLAN.
  • 00:26:19.060 --> 00:26:21.040
  • HE HAS IT ALL FIGURED OUT FROM
  • 00:26:21.040 --> 00:26:21.250
  • BEGINNING TO END.
  • 00:26:21.250 --> 00:26:23.080
  • - DR. MARTIN: AMEN.
  • 00:26:23.080 --> 00:26:24.130
  • - DAVID: THANK YOU SO MUCH FOR
  • 00:26:24.130 --> 00:26:25.050
  • BEING HERE AND SHARING THIS
  • 00:26:25.050 --> 00:26:25.270
  • WITH US, TODAY.
  • 00:26:25.270 --> 00:26:26.110
  • - DR. MARTIN: THANK YOU FOR
  • 00:26:26.110 --> 00:26:27.010
  • HAVING ME, DAVID.
  • 00:26:27.010 --> 00:26:27.160
  • - DAVID: YES, SIR!
  • 00:26:27.160 --> 00:26:28.040
  • YOU KNOW, WE LEARNED THAT SOME
  • 00:26:28.040 --> 00:26:30.190
  • OF THE LESS-THAN-ADMIRABLE
  • 00:26:30.190 --> 00:26:31.250
  • CREATURES, LIKE THE DUNG BEETLE
  • 00:26:31.250 --> 00:26:33.100
  • OR...EVEN VULTURES HAVE VERY
  • 00:26:33.100 --> 00:26:35.230
  • IMPORTANT JOBS TO PLAY IN THE
  • 00:26:35.230 --> 00:26:37.160
  • GRAND SCHEME OF THINGS.
  • 00:26:37.160 --> 00:26:38.240
  • NOW, SOME OF YOU MIGHT BE
  • 00:26:38.240 --> 00:26:40.120
  • WONDERING ABOUT YOUR LIFE.
  • 00:26:40.120 --> 00:26:41.190
  • YOU MIGHT BE SAYING: WHAT CAN I
  • 00:26:41.190 --> 00:26:42.190
  • DO TO MAKE A DIFFERENCE?
  • 00:26:42.190 --> 00:26:43.230
  • WELL, IF GOD CAN USE THE THINGS
  • 00:26:43.230 --> 00:26:45.220
  • THAT WE'VE TODAY, WELL, HE CAN
  • 00:26:45.220 --> 00:26:46.270
  • CERTAINLY USE YOU.
  • 00:26:46.270 --> 00:26:49.070
  • THE BIBLE SAYS THAT ALL HAVE
  • 00:26:49.070 --> 00:26:50.210
  • SINNED AND COME SHORT OF THE
  • 00:26:50.210 --> 00:26:51.260
  • GLORY OF GOD.
  • 00:26:51.260 --> 00:26:52.180
  • BUT, YOU CAN ENTER INTO
  • 00:26:52.180 --> 00:26:53.240
  • RELATIONSHIP WITH HIM TODAY.
  • 00:26:53.240 --> 00:26:54.270
  • HE WILL WIPE AWAY YOUR SINS AND
  • 00:26:54.270 --> 00:26:56.080
  • GIVE YOU THE POWER AND WISDOM
  • 00:26:56.080 --> 00:26:57.200
  • TO SERVE HIM.
  • 00:26:59.160 --> 00:27:02.180
  • SO, WE HOPE THAT YOU'VE BEEN
  • 00:27:02.180 --> 00:27:03.090
  • EDUCATED AND ENCOURAGED TODAY.
  • 00:27:03.090 --> 00:27:04.000
  • AND REMEMBER THAT YOU SHARE
  • 00:27:04.000 --> 00:27:04.200
  • THIS WITH YOU FRIENDS BY GOING
  • 00:27:04.200 --> 00:27:05.110
  • TO TBN.ORG AND SHARING THE
  • 00:27:05.110 --> 00:27:06.000
  • HIGH-DEFINITION ARCHIVE OF THIS
  • 00:27:06.000 --> 00:27:07.010
  • PROGRAM.
  • 00:27:07.010 --> 00:27:08.140
  • I'M DAVID RIVES, AND, UNTIL OUR
  • 00:27:08.140 --> 00:27:10.160
  • NEXT PROGRAM, I WANT YOU TO
  • 00:27:10.160 --> 00:27:11.060
  • KEEP LOOKING UP.
  • 00:27:11.060 --> 00:27:13.010
  • BECAUSE TRULY THE HEAVENS AND
  • 00:27:13.010 --> 00:27:14.130
  • EVERYTHING WE SEE AROUND US
  • 00:27:14.130 --> 00:27:16.090