The Gospels | Episode 4 | TBN

The Gospels | Episode 4

Watch The Gospels | Episode 4
December 28, 2015
27:31

Drive Thru History: The Gospels

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The Gospels | Episode 4

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  • - Dave Stotts: In our last
  • 00:00:00.000 --> 00:00:02.080
  • episode of "Drive Thru History,
  • 00:00:02.080 --> 00:00:04.010
  • The Gospels," we explored the
  • 00:00:04.010 --> 00:00:05.260
  • birth of Jesus.
  • 00:00:05.260 --> 00:00:07.270
  • We examined the gospel accounts
  • 00:00:07.270 --> 00:00:09.140
  • of Jesus' humble beginnings in
  • 00:00:09.140 --> 00:00:11.030
  • Bethlehem and the Hebrew
  • 00:00:11.030 --> 00:00:12.130
  • prophecies heralding his
  • 00:00:12.130 --> 00:00:13.270
  • arrival.
  • 00:00:13.270 --> 00:00:15.140
  • Although he was viewed as some
  • 00:00:15.140 --> 00:00:16.190
  • kind of king in these ancient
  • 00:00:16.190 --> 00:00:18.090
  • texts, he was born to modest
  • 00:00:18.090 --> 00:00:20.130
  • parents among animals in a
  • 00:00:20.130 --> 00:00:22.170
  • cave-like basement and laid in a
  • 00:00:22.170 --> 00:00:25.090
  • feeding trough for a crib.
  • 00:00:25.100 --> 00:00:28.100
  • Things didn't really add up.
  • 00:00:28.100 --> 00:00:31.060
  • - Dave Stotts: In our last
  • 00:01:42.260 --> 00:01:43.130
  • episode of "Drive Thru History"
  • 00:01:43.130 --> 00:01:44.250
  • we ended with the story of some
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  • wise men from the east known as
  • 00:01:46.250 --> 00:01:48.220
  • the magi, who had made a
  • 00:01:48.220 --> 00:01:50.240
  • pilgrimage of possibly over
  • 00:01:50.240 --> 00:01:52.100
  • 1.000 miles to honor a baby that
  • 00:01:52.100 --> 00:01:55.100
  • they said had been born King of
  • 00:01:55.100 --> 00:01:57.140
  • the Jews.
  • 00:01:57.140 --> 00:01:59.050
  • Now when those magi arrived here
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  • in Judea and told King Herod who
  • 00:02:01.010 --> 00:02:03.150
  • they were looking for, well,
  • 00:02:03.150 --> 00:02:05.000
  • that news sent Herod over the
  • 00:02:05.000 --> 00:02:06.280
  • edge, which would not be
  • 00:02:06.280 --> 00:02:09.110
  • surprising or out of character
  • 00:02:09.110 --> 00:02:11.130
  • given what we know with
  • 00:02:11.130 --> 00:02:12.200
  • certainty about King Herod.
  • 00:02:13.070 --> 00:02:16.070
  • Herod has a very well-documented
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  • history of paranoia-fueled evil,
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  • which led him to commit many
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  • acts of murder, which include
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  • the dispatching of his wife and
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  • even some of his children.
  • 00:02:27.070 --> 00:02:29.130
  • So then Herod the Great charged
  • 00:02:29.130 --> 00:02:31.130
  • the magi to go look for the
  • 00:02:31.130 --> 00:02:33.090
  • child and to report back to him
  • 00:02:33.090 --> 00:02:36.050
  • afterwards.
  • 00:02:36.050 --> 00:02:38.280
  • "Then Herod, when he saw that
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  • he had been tricked by the wise
  • 00:02:40.140 --> 00:02:41.280
  • men, became furious, and he sent
  • 00:02:41.280 --> 00:02:44.180
  • and killed all the male children
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  • in Bethlehem and in all that
  • 00:02:46.250 --> 00:02:48.150
  • region who were 2 years old or
  • 00:02:48.150 --> 00:02:50.150
  • under according to the time that
  • 00:02:50.150 --> 00:02:52.210
  • he had ascertained from the wise
  • 00:02:52.210 --> 00:02:54.060
  • men."
  • 00:02:54.060 --> 00:02:55.250
  • But after the magi had found
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  • Jesus they wound up leaving the
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  • country by a different way so as
  • 00:02:59.020 --> 00:03:01.230
  • to avoid King Herod and to buy
  • 00:03:01.230 --> 00:03:04.020
  • some time to protect Jesus and
  • 00:03:04.020 --> 00:03:05.290
  • his family.
  • 00:03:05.290 --> 00:03:07.120
  • The book of Matthew then
  • 00:03:07.120 --> 00:03:08.180
  • continues.
  • 00:03:08.180 --> 00:03:10.050
  • "Then was fulfilled what was
  • 00:03:10.050 --> 00:03:11.190
  • spoken by the prophet Jeremiah;
  • 00:03:11.190 --> 00:03:14.070
  • a voice was heard in Ramah,
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  • weeping and loud lamentation,
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  • Rachel weeping for her children.
  • 00:03:19.030 --> 00:03:22.000
  • She refused to be comforted
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  • because they are no more,"
  • 00:03:24.260 --> 00:03:26.230
  • And where was King Herod living
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  • when the magi called on him and
  • 00:03:34.230 --> 00:03:36.100
  • he ordered the slaughter of the
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  • innocence?
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  • He was living right here.
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  • You can see the remains of his
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  • huge palace behind me here near
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  • that old city of Jerusalem, and
  • 00:03:45.020 --> 00:03:47.070
  • what a place it was.
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  • Roman historian, Flavius
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  • Josephus, was even at a loss for
  • 00:03:50.020 --> 00:03:52.130
  • words in describing its
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  • magnificence.
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  • Here are some of the details.
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  • It was built with absolutely
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  • zero regard for cost.
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  • There were interior rooms with
  • 00:04:01.150 --> 00:04:03.000
  • 50-foot-high ceilings, sleeping
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  • accommodations for literally
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  • hundreds of people.
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  • There were rooms fully furnished
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  • with vessels of silver and gold,
  • 00:04:10.150 --> 00:04:13.070
  • courtyards inside the palace
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  • with entire groves of trees,
  • 00:04:15.110 --> 00:04:18.000
  • and, last, there were three
  • 00:04:18.000 --> 00:04:20.100
  • [music]
  • 00:04:26.030 --> 00:04:29.030
  • From left to right the Phaesel
  • 00:04:29.030 --> 00:04:31.140
  • tower was the tallest.
  • 00:04:31.140 --> 00:04:33.160
  • It was 145 feet and named after
  • 00:04:33.160 --> 00:04:36.160
  • Herod's brother.
  • 00:04:36.160 --> 00:04:38.280
  • The Hippicus tower was named
  • 00:04:38.280 --> 00:04:40.120
  • after a friend of Herod's and
  • 00:04:40.120 --> 00:04:42.030
  • was a little shorter at 132 feet
  • 00:04:42.030 --> 00:04:44.200
  • high.
  • 00:04:44.200 --> 00:04:45.260
  • And, last but not least, we have
  • 00:04:45.260 --> 00:04:47.140
  • the smallest tower at 75 feet,
  • 00:04:47.230 --> 00:04:50.230
  • but it was the most beautiful
  • 00:04:50.230 --> 00:04:52.010
  • and ornate tower at the palace.
  • 00:04:52.010 --> 00:04:54.190
  • This tower was somewhat
  • 00:04:54.190 --> 00:04:56.020
  • awkwardly named after his wife,
  • 00:04:56.020 --> 00:04:58.210
  • Mariamne, whom Herod had ordered
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  • to be murdered.
  • 00:05:01.020 --> 00:05:04.020
  • The opulence and grandeur from
  • 00:05:04.020 --> 00:05:05.160
  • which Herod the Great wielded
  • 00:05:05.160 --> 00:05:07.050
  • his power was in sharp contrast
  • 00:05:07.050 --> 00:05:09.270
  • to the humble conditions
  • 00:05:09.270 --> 00:05:11.070
  • surrounding the early life of
  • 00:05:11.070 --> 00:05:13.130
  • Jesus, yet the gospels contend
  • 00:05:13.130 --> 00:05:16.050
  • that King Herod saw fit to try
  • 00:05:16.050 --> 00:05:18.010
  • to destroy this potential rival
  • 00:05:18.010 --> 00:05:20.190
  • Though we have a lot of
  • 00:05:24.230 --> 00:05:25.130
  • historical information written
  • 00:05:25.130 --> 00:05:26.250
  • from Roman historians outside of
  • 00:05:26.250 --> 00:05:29.050
  • the gospel record, the massacre
  • 00:05:29.050 --> 00:05:31.230
  • of the innocence event is not
  • 00:05:31.230 --> 00:05:33.210
  • one of them.
  • 00:05:33.210 --> 00:05:35.010
  • This has led many gospels'
  • 00:05:35.010 --> 00:05:36.230
  • critics to speculate whether or
  • 00:05:36.230 --> 00:05:38.260
  • not the massacre event ever
  • 00:05:38.260 --> 00:05:40.190
  • really happened at all and that
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  • maybe Herod is getting a bum
  • 00:05:41.210 --> 00:05:42.210
  • rap, so to speak.
  • 00:05:42.210 --> 00:05:45.160
  • But no one really argues whether
  • 00:05:45.160 --> 00:05:47.090
  • or not Herod had the ability to
  • 00:05:47.090 --> 00:05:49.200
  • do something like this.
  • 00:05:49.200 --> 00:05:50.260
  • It was perfectly consistent with
  • 00:05:50.260 --> 00:05:52.120
  • the character of what we do
  • 00:05:52.120 --> 00:05:53.140
  • know.
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  • The attempt to kill Baby Jesus
  • 00:05:55.200 --> 00:05:57.050
  • by King Herod was one of his
  • 00:05:57.050 --> 00:05:58.180
  • last acts as he approached the
  • 00:05:58.180 --> 00:06:00.170
  • painful end of his life.
  • 00:06:01.250 --> 00:06:04.250
  • Speaking of the death of Herod,
  • 00:06:04.250 --> 00:06:06.250
  • King Herod gave orders to be
  • 00:06:06.250 --> 00:06:08.210
  • buried in another one of his
  • 00:06:08.210 --> 00:06:10.040
  • palaces, this one just down the
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  • road from this one.
  • 00:06:12.010 --> 00:06:13.180
  • It's called the Herodium.
  • 00:06:13.180 --> 00:06:15.040
  • Now the Herodium was one of his
  • 00:06:15.040 --> 00:06:16.230
  • most lavish achievements.
  • 00:06:16.230 --> 00:06:19.130
  • He built a planned city with a
  • 00:06:19.130 --> 00:06:21.120
  • fortress and a palace for
  • 00:06:21.120 --> 00:06:23.010
  • himself in the center.
  • 00:06:23.010 --> 00:06:25.060
  • Now the Herodium was about 7 1/2
  • 00:06:25.060 --> 00:06:27.020
  • miles south of us and about 3
  • 00:06:27.020 --> 00:06:29.170
  • [music]
  • 00:06:44.170 --> 00:06:47.170
  • As you approach the ruins of
  • 00:06:47.170 --> 00:06:49.100
  • Herod's palace on the Herodium,
  • 00:06:49.100 --> 00:06:51.280
  • you'll notice that his manmade
  • 00:06:51.280 --> 00:06:53.110
  • mountain has roughly the shape
  • 00:06:53.110 --> 00:06:55.040
  • of that volcano that you and
  • 00:06:55.040 --> 00:06:56.180
  • your mom made for the science
  • 00:06:56.180 --> 00:06:57.280
  • fair.
  • 00:06:57.280 --> 00:06:59.220
  • [exploding]
  • 00:06:59.220 --> 00:07:02.190
  • Now today, instead of my sweet
  • 00:07:02.190 --> 00:07:03.290
  • Land Rover, I'm driving the
  • 00:07:03.290 --> 00:07:05.100
  • SsangYong Rodius to the
  • 00:07:05.100 --> 00:07:07.190
  • Herodium.
  • 00:07:07.190 --> 00:07:09.180
  • I've got to admit I've never
  • 00:07:09.180 --> 00:07:10.220
  • heard of that model or the
  • 00:07:10.220 --> 00:07:12.240
  • company that made it, but it's
  • 00:07:12.240 --> 00:07:15.000
  • well built, and I like it.
  • 00:07:15.000 --> 00:07:17.220
  • Only problem is I find the radio
  • 00:07:17.220 --> 00:07:19.110
  • tone control to be completely
  • 00:07:19.110 --> 00:07:20.250
  • inscrutable.
  • 00:07:20.250 --> 00:07:22.000
  • I can only turn up the base.
  • 00:07:22.000 --> 00:07:24.170
  • If only I was into the local hip
  • 00:07:24.170 --> 00:07:26.070
  • hop.
  • 00:07:26.070 --> 00:07:27.110
  • [hip hop song playing]
  • 00:07:27.110 --> 00:07:30.040
  • I'm tryin', I'm tryin'.
  • 00:07:30.040 --> 00:07:31.210
  • Herod built himself a manmade
  • 00:07:37.020 --> 00:07:38.130
  • mountain, and this was no little
  • 00:07:38.130 --> 00:07:40.160
  • hill.
  • 00:07:40.160 --> 00:07:41.220
  • It became the highest elevation
  • 00:07:41.220 --> 00:07:43.060
  • in the Judean wilderness.
  • 00:07:43.060 --> 00:07:45.070
  • You see, you could do stuff like
  • 00:07:45.070 --> 00:07:46.050
  • that back when you had an almost
  • 00:07:46.050 --> 00:07:47.160
  • unlimited supply of money and an
  • 00:07:47.160 --> 00:07:49.210
  • army of labor, which, of course,
  • 00:07:50.140 --> 00:07:53.140
  • he did.
  • 00:07:53.140 --> 00:07:54.190
  • The only thing Herod didn't
  • 00:07:54.190 --> 00:07:55.260
  • really plan for very well was
  • 00:07:55.260 --> 00:07:58.230
  • parking.
  • 00:07:58.230 --> 00:08:01.010
  • Herod the Great, under-estimator
  • 00:08:01.140 --> 00:08:04.140
  • We are here to see the burial
  • 00:08:10.150 --> 00:08:12.010
  • site of Herod the Great.
  • 00:08:12.010 --> 00:08:14.090
  • Before we do that, let me tell
  • 00:08:14.090 --> 00:08:15.190
  • you the story of Herod and the
  • 00:08:15.190 --> 00:08:17.140
  • Herodium.
  • 00:08:17.140 --> 00:08:19.060
  • Herod became the king of Judea
  • 00:08:19.060 --> 00:08:21.010
  • by convincing Caesar Augustus of
  • 00:08:21.010 --> 00:08:23.060
  • his loyalty to Rome.
  • 00:08:23.060 --> 00:08:25.200
  • To show his loyalty it is said
  • 00:08:25.200 --> 00:08:27.120
  • that he immediately went out and
  • 00:08:27.120 --> 00:08:29.100
  • offered incense to the pagan
  • 00:08:29.100 --> 00:08:30.270
  • Roman gods.
  • 00:08:30.270 --> 00:08:33.020
  • Having convinced Rome that he
  • 00:08:33.020 --> 00:08:34.230
  • could be trusted with power,
  • 00:08:34.230 --> 00:08:36.160
  • Herod returned to Judea, and,
  • 00:08:36.160 --> 00:08:38.250
  • with the help of the Roman
  • 00:08:38.250 --> 00:08:39.230
  • military, captured Jerusalem.
  • 00:08:39.230 --> 00:08:42.230
  • There was a long list of things
  • 00:08:42.230 --> 00:08:44.010
  • to do.
  • 00:08:44.010 --> 00:08:45.110
  • First, he married Mariamne, his
  • 00:08:45.110 --> 00:08:47.210
  • chief rival's daughter.
  • 00:08:47.210 --> 00:08:49.240
  • Then he had a number of his
  • 00:08:49.240 --> 00:08:50.200
  • rivals murdered.
  • 00:08:50.200 --> 00:08:52.210
  • Well, actually we can't prove
  • 00:08:52.210 --> 00:08:53.190
  • that.
  • 00:08:53.190 --> 00:08:54.130
  • They all just happened to die
  • 00:08:54.130 --> 00:08:56.130
  • suddenly under mysterious
  • 00:08:56.130 --> 00:08:58.070
  • circumstances.
  • 00:08:59.040 --> 00:09:02.060
  • Then Herod built a huge palace
  • 00:09:02.060 --> 00:09:04.040
  • to commemorate the military
  • 00:09:04.040 --> 00:09:05.160
  • victory.
  • 00:09:05.160 --> 00:09:06.260
  • Here is the list of needed
  • 00:09:06.260 --> 00:09:08.090
  • specifications.
  • 00:09:08.090 --> 00:09:09.270
  • Number one, he needed it to be
  • 00:09:09.270 --> 00:09:12.050
  • seen from anywhere in his
  • 00:09:12.050 --> 00:09:13.160
  • kingdom in order to remind
  • 00:09:13.160 --> 00:09:15.080
  • people that he was large and in
  • 00:09:15.080 --> 00:09:16.170
  • charge.
  • 00:09:16.170 --> 00:09:17.250
  • Number two, he wanted to amaze
  • 00:09:17.250 --> 00:09:19.120
  • people with his power.
  • 00:09:19.120 --> 00:09:21.180
  • Number three, he wanted to show
  • 00:09:21.180 --> 00:09:23.070
  • Rome that he was a get-'er-done
  • 00:09:23.070 --> 00:09:25.000
  • kind of guy.
  • 00:09:25.000 --> 00:09:26.160
  • Number four, he wanted his own
  • 00:09:26.160 --> 00:09:27.180
  • personal pleasure palace.
  • 00:09:27.180 --> 00:09:30.030
  • Number five, it needed to be
  • 00:09:30.030 --> 00:09:31.230
  • defensible because Herod
  • 00:09:31.230 --> 00:09:33.020
  • imagined that there was no
  • 00:09:33.020 --> 00:09:34.050
  • shortage of people who wanted
  • 00:09:34.050 --> 00:09:36.010
  • him dead.
  • 00:09:36.010 --> 00:09:37.180
  • And number six, he needed
  • 00:09:37.180 --> 00:09:39.150
  • something to guarantee that he
  • 00:09:39.150 --> 00:09:40.260
  • would not be forgotten, and here
  • 00:09:40.280 --> 00:09:43.280
  • I am.
  • 00:09:43.280 --> 00:09:45.090
  • I'd say mission accomplished,
  • 00:09:45.090 --> 00:09:47.090
  • Herod.
  • 00:09:47.270 --> 00:09:50.270
  • So let's examine these features.
  • 00:09:50.270 --> 00:09:53.010
  • Regarding the height, Herod was
  • 00:09:53.010 --> 00:09:54.090
  • a go-big-or-go-home kinda guy.
  • 00:09:54.140 --> 00:09:57.140
  • He could find no mountain grand
  • 00:09:57.140 --> 00:09:58.240
  • enough to suit his requirements.
  • 00:09:58.240 --> 00:10:01.020
  • He did, however, locate a place
  • 00:10:01.020 --> 00:10:02.220
  • where there were two smaller
  • 00:10:02.220 --> 00:10:03.250
  • mountains side by side, so he
  • 00:10:03.250 --> 00:10:06.050
  • had an army of laborers
  • 00:10:06.050 --> 00:10:07.290
  • literally move one mountain and
  • 00:10:07.290 --> 00:10:09.250
  • put it on top of the other one
  • 00:10:09.250 --> 00:10:11.170
  • kinda like this.
  • 00:10:11.170 --> 00:10:13.110
  • Yeah, wouldn't it have been nice
  • 00:10:13.110 --> 00:10:14.180
  • if Herod could've just done a
  • 00:10:14.180 --> 00:10:15.210
  • drag and drop with the mouse and
  • 00:10:15.210 --> 00:10:17.240
  • made his big mountain that
  • 00:10:17.240 --> 00:10:18.250
  • easily?
  • 00:10:18.250 --> 00:10:20.080
  • In actuality, it took millions
  • 00:10:20.080 --> 00:10:22.020
  • of shovelfuls of dirt, and they
  • 00:10:22.020 --> 00:10:24.130
  • were moved one at a time in the
  • 00:10:24.130 --> 00:10:26.000
  • hot sun.
  • 00:10:26.000 --> 00:10:27.070
  • It just boggles the mind, but
  • 00:10:27.070 --> 00:10:29.030
  • that was the point.
  • 00:10:29.030 --> 00:10:30.180
  • Young Herod was demonstrating
  • 00:10:30.180 --> 00:10:31.290
  • his power.
  • 00:10:31.290 --> 00:10:33.070
  • He had conquered people, and now
  • 00:10:33.070 --> 00:10:34.260
  • he wanted to show everyone that
  • 00:10:34.260 --> 00:10:36.070
  • he could conquer nature.
  • 00:10:36.070 --> 00:10:38.220
  • Now fortunately I don't have to
  • 00:10:38.220 --> 00:10:39.270
  • lay siege to visit the Herodium.
  • 00:10:39.270 --> 00:10:42.230
  • I can just take this nice little
  • 00:10:42.230 --> 00:10:43.290
  • Now the Herodium is 2.600 feet
  • 00:10:48.280 --> 00:10:51.230
  • above sea level, but it feels
  • 00:10:51.230 --> 00:10:54.030
  • even higher than that because
  • 00:10:54.030 --> 00:10:55.180
  • the palace overlooks the lowest
  • 00:10:55.180 --> 00:10:57.270
  • spot on the earth, the Dead Sea,
  • 00:10:57.270 --> 00:11:00.070
  • which you can barely see out
  • 00:11:00.070 --> 00:11:01.170
  • there in the distance, which is
  • 00:11:01.170 --> 00:11:02.250
  • 1.400 feet below sea level.
  • 00:11:04.140 --> 00:11:07.140
  • It's impressive and
  • 00:11:07.140 --> 00:11:09.000
  • Herod became the king of Judea
  • 00:11:15.200 --> 00:11:17.160
  • by convincing Caesar Augustus of
  • 00:11:17.160 --> 00:11:19.200
  • his loyalty to Rome.
  • 00:11:19.200 --> 00:11:21.280
  • Many of Herod's subjects hated
  • 00:11:21.280 --> 00:11:23.110
  • him and viewed him as a non-Jew
  • 00:11:23.110 --> 00:11:26.010
  • and a pretender to the throne.
  • 00:11:26.010 --> 00:11:28.020
  • Indeed, he was a vicious man who
  • 00:11:28.020 --> 00:11:29.230
  • had sold out Judea to the Romans
  • 00:11:29.230 --> 00:11:31.250
  • for his own personal interests,
  • 00:11:31.250 --> 00:11:34.110
  • but Herod sought to show Rome
  • 00:11:34.110 --> 00:11:36.030
  • that he was no frontier hick.
  • 00:11:36.030 --> 00:11:38.170
  • He had grown up there, but he
  • 00:11:38.170 --> 00:11:39.290
  • had come to develop a taste for,
  • 00:11:39.290 --> 00:11:42.000
  • shall we say, the finer things
  • 00:11:42.000 --> 00:11:43.170
  • in life.
  • 00:11:43.170 --> 00:11:44.260
  • He could bring the Roman
  • 00:11:44.260 --> 00:11:46.140
  • Hellenistic way to Israel
  • 00:11:46.140 --> 00:11:48.140
  • whether they wanted it or not.
  • 00:11:48.140 --> 00:11:50.130
  • He'd even out-Roman the Romans,
  • 00:11:50.130 --> 00:11:52.260
  • and he'd keep a lid on this
  • 00:11:52.260 --> 00:11:54.150
  • volatile place.
  • 00:11:54.150 --> 00:11:57.150
  • This palace-fortress was
  • 00:11:57.150 --> 00:11:59.040
  • incredible.
  • 00:11:59.040 --> 00:12:00.070
  • The main structure was round,
  • 00:12:00.070 --> 00:12:02.120
  • and there was a tower to
  • 00:12:02.120 --> 00:12:03.180
  • indicate north, south, east, and
  • 00:12:03.180 --> 00:12:05.070
  • west.
  • 00:12:05.070 --> 00:12:06.170
  • The tallest tower, about 60 feet
  • 00:12:06.170 --> 00:12:08.240
  • in diameter, is on the east and
  • 00:12:08.240 --> 00:12:11.040
  • was Herod's personal residence.
  • 00:12:11.060 --> 00:12:14.060
  • It was fitted with every
  • 00:12:14.060 --> 00:12:15.120
  • Now down here in the main part
  • 00:12:22.170 --> 00:12:23.230
  • of the Herodium, what you see
  • 00:12:24.010 --> 00:12:27.010
  • are a bunch of large brown
  • 00:12:27.010 --> 00:12:28.130
  • rocks, but these walls would've
  • 00:12:28.130 --> 00:12:30.210
  • been covered with beautiful
  • 00:12:30.210 --> 00:12:31.260
  • frescoes.
  • 00:12:31.260 --> 00:12:32.250
  • Now a fresco is when you paint
  • 00:12:32.250 --> 00:12:34.040
  • fresh plaster, and the paint
  • 00:12:34.040 --> 00:12:36.190
  • becomes one with the wall.
  • 00:12:36.190 --> 00:12:38.040
  • It's the same technique that
  • 00:12:38.040 --> 00:12:39.040
  • Michelangelo used in the ceiling
  • 00:12:39.040 --> 00:12:40.210
  • of the Sistine Chapel in Rome.
  • 00:12:40.210 --> 00:12:43.210
  • Now since the center part of the
  • 00:12:43.210 --> 00:12:46.000
  • courtyard was open, this part
  • 00:12:46.000 --> 00:12:47.270
  • here would've been covered in a
  • 00:12:47.270 --> 00:12:49.090
  • lush, beautifully-manicured
  • 00:12:49.090 --> 00:12:51.080
  • garden.
  • 00:12:51.080 --> 00:12:53.140
  • And this bath house has been
  • 00:12:53.140 --> 00:12:55.020
  • discovered.
  • 00:12:55.020 --> 00:12:56.100
  • Now as a child of the desert,
  • 00:12:56.100 --> 00:12:58.010
  • water played an important part
  • 00:12:58.010 --> 00:12:59.210
  • in all of Herod's palaces.
  • 00:12:59.210 --> 00:13:02.040
  • For one, it was a great place to
  • 00:13:02.040 --> 00:13:03.060
  • beat the desert heat, and it was
  • 00:13:03.060 --> 00:13:05.210
  • a convenient place to drown the
  • 00:13:05.210 --> 00:13:08.020
  • occasional annoying in-law.
  • 00:13:08.020 --> 00:13:10.150
  • Now water had to be brought in
  • 00:13:10.150 --> 00:13:11.210
  • here at great expense.
  • 00:13:11.210 --> 00:13:13.190
  • There were three pools and three
  • 00:13:13.190 --> 00:13:16.100
  • temperatures.
  • 00:13:16.100 --> 00:13:17.200
  • Out here was the room for hot,
  • 00:13:17.200 --> 00:13:19.250
  • known as the calderium.
  • 00:13:19.250 --> 00:13:22.000
  • Inside here you can see a small,
  • 00:13:22.130 --> 00:13:25.130
  • inner room for cold.
  • 00:13:25.130 --> 00:13:27.160
  • This was called the frigidarium,
  • 00:13:27.160 --> 00:13:29.150
  • and out in this area was the one
  • 00:13:29.150 --> 00:13:31.270
  • that was just right, known as
  • 00:13:31.270 --> 00:13:34.020
  • the Goldilocks-arium.
  • 00:13:35.190 --> 00:13:38.190
  • - male: That's "tepidarium,"
  • 00:13:38.190 --> 00:13:39.250
  • Dave.
  • 00:13:39.250 --> 00:13:41.250
  • - Dave Stotts: Yeah, well, now
  • 00:13:41.250 --> 00:13:44.220
  • Herod had his own unique set of
  • 00:13:44.220 --> 00:13:46.080
  • pool rules in addition to the
  • 00:13:46.080 --> 00:13:48.180
  • more traditional ones like no
  • 00:13:48.180 --> 00:13:50.130
  • horseplay and no open, festering
  • 00:13:50.130 --> 00:13:52.140
  • wounds, there was the very
  • 00:13:52.140 --> 00:13:54.110
  • unique, "Don't be an annoying,
  • 00:13:54.110 --> 00:13:56.160
  • good-looking brother-in-law
  • 00:13:56.160 --> 00:13:58.000
  • whose very existence threatens
  • 00:13:58.000 --> 00:13:59.150
  • my power base."
  • 00:13:59.150 --> 00:14:01.130
  • No, if you broke that rule it
  • 00:14:01.130 --> 00:14:02.250
  • could earn you what Herod called
  • 00:14:02.250 --> 00:14:04.150
  • a big time out in the deep end.
  • 00:14:04.150 --> 00:14:07.140
  • Down at the base of the hill is
  • 00:14:10.050 --> 00:14:12.000
  • what was called the lower
  • 00:14:12.000 --> 00:14:13.100
  • Herodium.
  • 00:14:13.100 --> 00:14:14.130
  • The grounds consisted of some 38
  • 00:14:14.130 --> 00:14:16.210
  • manicured acres, gigantic
  • 00:14:16.210 --> 00:14:19.040
  • storerooms and servant quarters,
  • 00:14:19.040 --> 00:14:21.270
  • and a ginormous swimming pool,
  • 00:14:21.270 --> 00:14:24.130
  • along with miscellaneous
  • 00:14:24.130 --> 00:14:25.150
  • buildings and reception areas.
  • 00:14:25.150 --> 00:14:28.050
  • You really need to be here to
  • 00:14:28.050 --> 00:14:29.140
  • take in the scale of this place.
  • 00:14:29.150 --> 00:14:32.150
  • This fully-plastered swimming
  • 00:14:32.150 --> 00:14:34.030
  • pool was 10 feet deep, 220 feet
  • 00:14:35.010 --> 00:14:38.010
  • long, and 150 feet wide,
  • 00:14:38.270 --> 00:14:41.270
  • incredible.
  • 00:14:41.270 --> 00:14:43.060
  • We're talkin' 2 1/2
  • 00:14:43.060 --> 00:14:45.040
  • Olympic-sized swimming pools,
  • 00:14:45.040 --> 00:14:47.080
  • just shy of an American football
  • 00:14:47.080 --> 00:14:49.240
  • field, and it would hold almost
  • 00:14:49.240 --> 00:14:52.100
  • 3 million gallons of water in
  • 00:14:52.100 --> 00:14:55.100
  • the middle of the desert.
  • 00:14:55.100 --> 00:14:57.250
  • And next to the pool was Herod's
  • 00:14:57.250 --> 00:14:59.150
  • idea of a little gazebo.
  • 00:14:59.150 --> 00:15:01.240
  • It was 1.000 feet long and 100
  • 00:15:01.240 --> 00:15:04.190
  • feet wide.
  • 00:15:04.190 --> 00:15:06.020
  • It would fit an army, literally.
  • 00:15:06.050 --> 00:15:09.050
  • Roman Historian, Flavius
  • 00:15:09.050 --> 00:15:10.210
  • Josephus, tells us that King
  • 00:15:10.210 --> 00:15:12.130
  • Herod suffered a long,
  • 00:15:12.130 --> 00:15:14.100
  • tormented, and gruesome death.
  • 00:15:14.100 --> 00:15:17.040
  • He tells us that he was
  • 00:15:17.040 --> 00:15:18.060
  • literally being rotted away from
  • 00:15:18.060 --> 00:15:20.250
  • the inside out and,
  • 00:15:20.250 --> 00:15:23.230
  • unsurprisingly, had begun
  • 00:15:23.230 --> 00:15:26.040
  • growing increasingly crazy and
  • 00:15:26.040 --> 00:15:28.090
  • ill-tempered as a result of the
  • 00:15:28.090 --> 00:15:30.150
  • disease state progressing.
  • 00:15:30.150 --> 00:15:33.110
  • As a for instance, Josephus
  • 00:15:33.110 --> 00:15:34.240
  • tells us that King Herod made
  • 00:15:34.240 --> 00:15:36.100
  • his own funeral plans, which
  • 00:15:36.100 --> 00:15:38.030
  • included the usual pomp and
  • 00:15:38.030 --> 00:15:40.110
  • pageantry.
  • 00:15:40.110 --> 00:15:42.000
  • Gold crown, check.
  • 00:15:42.000 --> 00:15:43.200
  • Royal, purple robe, check.
  • 00:15:43.200 --> 00:15:45.290
  • Scepter in right hand, check.
  • 00:15:45.290 --> 00:15:48.180
  • Five hundred escorts and a
  • 00:15:48.180 --> 00:15:49.290
  • twenty-five-mile procession,
  • 00:15:49.290 --> 00:15:51.270
  • check.
  • 00:15:51.270 --> 00:15:53.060
  • Military escort with full battle
  • 00:15:53.060 --> 00:15:55.190
  • gear, check.
  • 00:15:55.190 --> 00:15:58.130
  • Burial in a location fit for a
  • 00:15:58.130 --> 00:16:01.030
  • megalomaniac, check.
  • 00:16:01.030 --> 00:16:03.240
  • Oh, and murder prominent
  • 00:16:03.240 --> 00:16:05.190
  • citizens after I die so that a
  • 00:16:05.190 --> 00:16:07.130
  • lot of people will cry, and
  • 00:16:07.130 --> 00:16:08.260
  • other people will see them and
  • 00:16:08.260 --> 00:16:10.020
  • think they're crying over me,
  • 00:16:10.020 --> 00:16:11.270
  • The Herodium was but one of
  • 00:16:15.250 --> 00:16:17.090
  • Herod's palaces, but this is the
  • 00:16:17.090 --> 00:16:19.180
  • place he chose to be buried.
  • 00:16:19.180 --> 00:16:22.000
  • For many years the location of
  • 00:16:22.000 --> 00:16:23.190
  • his tomb was a mystery, but in
  • 00:16:23.190 --> 00:16:25.260
  • 2007 Ehud Netzer of Hebrew
  • 00:16:25.260 --> 00:16:28.250
  • University announced that he had
  • 00:16:28.250 --> 00:16:30.200
  • found it here.
  • 00:16:30.200 --> 00:16:32.030
  • The tomb had been completely
  • 00:16:32.030 --> 00:16:33.160
  • vandalized.
  • 00:16:33.160 --> 00:16:35.130
  • This sarcophagus was found in
  • 00:16:35.130 --> 00:16:37.060
  • the tomb and is on display at
  • 00:16:37.060 --> 00:16:39.200
  • the Israel Museum.
  • 00:16:39.200 --> 00:16:41.150
  • Most, but not all, believe it to
  • 00:16:41.150 --> 00:16:43.140
  • be Herod's.
  • 00:16:43.140 --> 00:16:45.090
  • Ironically, the main argument to
  • 00:16:45.090 --> 00:16:46.240
  • dispute this conclusion is that
  • 00:16:46.240 --> 00:16:48.240
  • the tomb is not grand enough,
  • 00:16:48.240 --> 00:16:51.080
  • but the counter argument is that
  • 00:16:51.080 --> 00:16:52.190
  • the whole complex was one, big
  • 00:16:52.190 --> 00:16:54.280
  • But just as Herod was exiting
  • 00:16:58.080 --> 00:16:59.220
  • stage left for his date with
  • 00:16:59.220 --> 00:17:01.290
  • eternity, a new King of the Jews
  • 00:17:01.290 --> 00:17:04.270
  • was entering the scene, and at
  • 00:17:04.270 --> 00:17:06.250
  • this point in the gospel story,
  • 00:17:06.250 --> 00:17:09.140
  • Jesus' parents, because of King
  • 00:17:09.140 --> 00:17:11.160
  • Herod, were on the run for their
  • 00:17:11.160 --> 00:17:13.190
  • lives.
  • 00:17:13.240 --> 00:17:16.240
  • "Now when they had departed,
  • 00:17:16.240 --> 00:17:18.100
  • behold, an angel of the Lord
  • 00:17:18.100 --> 00:17:20.110
  • appeared to Joseph in a dream
  • 00:17:20.110 --> 00:17:22.200
  • and said, 'Rise, take the child
  • 00:17:22.200 --> 00:17:25.050
  • and his mother, and flee to
  • 00:17:25.050 --> 00:17:26.230
  • Egypt, and remain there until I
  • 00:17:26.230 --> 00:17:29.050
  • tell you.
  • 00:17:29.050 --> 00:17:30.080
  • For Herod is about to search for
  • 00:17:30.080 --> 00:17:31.250
  • the child to destroy him.'
  • 00:17:31.250 --> 00:17:34.040
  • And he rose and took the child
  • 00:17:34.040 --> 00:17:36.000
  • and his mother by night and
  • 00:17:36.000 --> 00:17:37.190
  • departed to Egypt and remained
  • 00:17:37.190 --> 00:17:39.180
  • there until the death of Herod."
  • 00:17:41.090 --> 00:17:44.090
  • Like Judea, Egypt was part of
  • 00:17:44.090 --> 00:17:46.090
  • the Roman Empire at that time,
  • 00:17:46.090 --> 00:17:48.160
  • but it was beyond Herod's rule
  • 00:17:48.160 --> 00:17:50.120
  • and control.
  • 00:17:50.120 --> 00:17:51.260
  • Egypt was an imperial province
  • 00:17:51.260 --> 00:17:54.000
  • ruled by Augustus, the Roman
  • 00:17:54.000 --> 00:17:56.000
  • emperor himself.
  • 00:17:56.000 --> 00:17:58.080
  • Jesus and his family likely
  • 00:17:58.080 --> 00:17:59.280
  • lived among a Jewish community
  • 00:17:59.280 --> 00:18:02.070
  • in Egypt and would've enjoyed a
  • 00:18:02.070 --> 00:18:03.180
  • degree of anonymity and
  • 00:18:03.180 --> 00:18:05.050
  • separation from Hellenistic
  • 00:18:05.050 --> 00:18:07.050
  • culture.
  • 00:18:07.050 --> 00:18:08.130
  • Then Herod the Great finally
  • 00:18:08.130 --> 00:18:10.050
  • died around March of 4 B.C.
  • 00:18:11.150 --> 00:18:14.150
  • The Gospels then describe a
  • 00:18:14.150 --> 00:18:16.050
  • visitation to Joseph.
  • 00:18:16.050 --> 00:18:18.220
  • "After Herod died an angel of
  • 00:18:18.220 --> 00:18:20.180
  • the Lord appeared in a dream to
  • 00:18:20.180 --> 00:18:22.230
  • Joseph in Egypt and said,
  • 00:18:22.230 --> 00:18:24.260
  • 'Get up.
  • 00:18:24.260 --> 00:18:25.230
  • Take the child and his mother,
  • 00:18:25.230 --> 00:18:27.120
  • and go to the land of Israel.
  • 00:18:27.120 --> 00:18:30.020
  • For those who were trying to
  • 00:18:30.020 --> 00:18:31.150
  • take the child's life are dead.'
  • 00:18:31.160 --> 00:18:34.160
  • So he got up, took the child and
  • 00:18:34.160 --> 00:18:36.130
  • his mother, and went to the land
  • 00:18:36.130 --> 00:18:38.010
  • of Israel.
  • 00:18:38.010 --> 00:18:39.150
  • But when he heard that Archelaus
  • 00:18:39.150 --> 00:18:41.160
  • was reigning in Judea in place
  • 00:18:41.160 --> 00:18:43.210
  • of his father, Herod, he was
  • 00:18:43.210 --> 00:18:45.070
  • afraid to go there.
  • 00:18:45.070 --> 00:18:47.130
  • Having been warned in a dream,
  • 00:18:47.130 --> 00:18:49.040
  • he withdrew to the district of
  • 00:18:49.040 --> 00:18:50.210
  • Galilee, and he went and lived
  • 00:18:50.210 --> 00:18:52.240
  • in a town called Nazareth.
  • 00:18:52.270 --> 00:18:55.270
  • So was fulfilled what was said
  • 00:18:55.270 --> 00:18:57.280
  • through the prophets that he
  • 00:18:57.280 --> 00:18:59.210
  • This is where Jesus was raised.
  • 00:19:06.020 --> 00:19:09.020
  • Today Nazareth is known as the
  • 00:19:09.020 --> 00:19:10.180
  • Arab capital of Israel.
  • 00:19:10.180 --> 00:19:13.040
  • Its population of 200.000 is
  • 00:19:13.040 --> 00:19:15.140
  • predominately Arab.
  • 00:19:15.140 --> 00:19:17.000
  • About 30% are Christians, and
  • 00:19:17.000 --> 00:19:19.080
  • about 70% are Muslims.
  • 00:19:19.090 --> 00:19:22.090
  • But when Jesus was growing up
  • 00:19:22.090 --> 00:19:23.250
  • here, it was a wide spot in the
  • 00:19:23.250 --> 00:19:25.130
  • road.
  • 00:19:25.130 --> 00:19:27.000
  • Situated near the much larger
  • 00:19:27.000 --> 00:19:28.140
  • Roman metropolitan centers of
  • 00:19:28.140 --> 00:19:30.090
  • Tiberius and Sepphoris, Nazareth
  • 00:19:30.090 --> 00:19:32.250
  • was a small Jewish enclave with
  • 00:19:32.250 --> 00:19:35.080
  • a population of only a few
  • 00:19:35.080 --> 00:19:37.070
  • Not much is written in the
  • 00:19:42.090 --> 00:19:43.180
  • gospels about Jesus' childhood,
  • 00:19:43.220 --> 00:19:46.220
  • but we can assume that since
  • 00:19:46.220 --> 00:19:48.240
  • Jesus was a Jewish boy,
  • 00:19:48.240 --> 00:19:50.230
  • receiving an education would've
  • 00:19:50.230 --> 00:19:52.060
  • been a very high priority.
  • 00:19:52.060 --> 00:19:54.190
  • He would have been taught Hebrew
  • 00:19:54.190 --> 00:19:56.110
  • at a synagogue very much like
  • 00:19:56.110 --> 00:19:57.260
  • this beautifully- and
  • 00:19:57.260 --> 00:19:58.270
  • authentically-crafted
  • 00:19:58.270 --> 00:20:00.020
  • reproduction here at Nazareth
  • 00:20:00.020 --> 00:20:02.100
  • Village.
  • 00:20:02.100 --> 00:20:04.220
  • "Every year Jesus' parents
  • 00:20:04.220 --> 00:20:06.120
  • went to Jerusalem for the
  • 00:20:06.120 --> 00:20:07.260
  • Festival of the Passover.
  • 00:20:07.260 --> 00:20:10.080
  • When he was twelve years old,
  • 00:20:10.080 --> 00:20:11.240
  • they went up to the festival,
  • 00:20:11.240 --> 00:20:13.090
  • according to the custom."
  • 00:20:14.260 --> 00:20:17.260
  • Now the Passover Feast occurred
  • 00:20:17.260 --> 00:20:19.060
  • every spring to celebrate the
  • 00:20:19.060 --> 00:20:21.030
  • miraculous events described in
  • 00:20:21.030 --> 00:20:23.020
  • the Old Testament book of
  • 00:20:23.020 --> 00:20:24.090
  • Exodus.
  • 00:20:24.090 --> 00:20:25.260
  • "When I see the blood, I will
  • 00:20:25.260 --> 00:20:27.150
  • pass over you, and the plague
  • 00:20:27.150 --> 00:20:29.280
  • shall not be upon you to destroy
  • 00:20:29.280 --> 00:20:31.290
  • you when I smite the land of
  • 00:20:31.290 --> 00:20:34.000
  • Egypt," Exodus chapter 12, verse
  • 00:20:34.000 --> 00:20:36.140
  • 13.
  • 00:20:36.140 --> 00:20:38.150
  • It was this event, some 1.400
  • 00:20:38.150 --> 00:20:41.150
  • years earlier, that eventually
  • 00:20:41.150 --> 00:20:43.160
  • brought the Hebrew people to
  • 00:20:43.160 --> 00:20:45.120
  • You know, making the journey
  • 00:20:49.100 --> 00:20:50.160
  • from Nazareth to Jerusalem every
  • 00:20:50.160 --> 00:20:53.090
  • year for the Passover Feast was
  • 00:20:53.090 --> 00:20:55.100
  • a pretty big deal for Jesus'
  • 00:20:55.100 --> 00:20:57.130
  • family.
  • 00:20:57.130 --> 00:20:58.220
  • They couldn't just hop on the
  • 00:20:58.220 --> 00:20:59.260
  • Yitzhak Rabin Expressway and be
  • 00:20:59.260 --> 00:21:02.010
  • there in a few hours.
  • 00:21:02.010 --> 00:21:03.070
  • No, they had to walk, and it was
  • 00:21:03.070 --> 00:21:06.020
  • 100 miles.
  • 00:21:06.020 --> 00:21:07.230
  • Have you ever walked 100 miles?
  • 00:21:07.230 --> 00:21:10.010
  • Have you ever complained about
  • 00:21:10.010 --> 00:21:12.010
  • the fact that you couldn't find
  • 00:21:12.010 --> 00:21:13.030
  • a parking place at Bubba Bob's
  • 00:21:13.030 --> 00:21:15.170
  • Texas Barbeque on
  • 00:21:15.170 --> 00:21:16.170
  • all-you-can-eat brisket night?
  • 00:21:17.060 --> 00:21:20.060
  • I mean, me neither.
  • 00:21:20.060 --> 00:21:22.240
  • The first Passover in an
  • 00:21:22.240 --> 00:21:24.040
  • Israelite temple goes back to
  • 00:21:24.040 --> 00:21:26.110
  • the first temple completed in
  • 00:21:26.110 --> 00:21:28.030
  • about 960 B.C.
  • 00:21:28.030 --> 00:21:30.130
  • King David chose the location,
  • 00:21:30.130 --> 00:21:32.160
  • but it was his son, Solomon, who
  • 00:21:32.160 --> 00:21:34.040
  • ordered it to be built.
  • 00:21:34.040 --> 00:21:36.040
  • The Old Testament records that
  • 00:21:36.040 --> 00:21:37.140
  • Solomon's Temple was an
  • 00:21:37.140 --> 00:21:39.060
  • incredible achievement built
  • 00:21:39.060 --> 00:21:41.070
  • through the labors of some
  • 00:21:41.070 --> 00:21:42.120
  • 180.000 workers, artists, and
  • 00:21:42.130 --> 00:21:45.130
  • craftsmen.
  • 00:21:45.130 --> 00:21:47.040
  • However, not long after its
  • 00:21:47.040 --> 00:21:48.200
  • completion the temple suffered a
  • 00:21:48.200 --> 00:21:50.200
  • series of assaults.
  • 00:21:50.200 --> 00:21:52.050
  • Its treasures were plundered
  • 00:21:52.050 --> 00:21:53.170
  • over the years by the Egyptians
  • 00:21:53.170 --> 00:21:55.060
  • and Assyrians.
  • 00:21:55.060 --> 00:21:56.250
  • Then in 587 B.C.
  • 00:21:56.250 --> 00:21:59.030
  • the temple was totally destroyed
  • 00:21:59.030 --> 00:22:01.050
  • by the Babylonians.
  • 00:22:01.050 --> 00:22:02.290
  • About 70 years later, after the
  • 00:22:02.290 --> 00:22:04.240
  • Babylonians were defeated by the
  • 00:22:04.240 --> 00:22:06.120
  • Persians, Cyrus the Great of
  • 00:22:06.120 --> 00:22:09.030
  • Persia allowed the Hebrew people
  • 00:22:09.030 --> 00:22:11.080
  • to return home to rebuild the
  • 00:22:11.080 --> 00:22:13.140
  • great temple in Jerusalem.
  • 00:22:13.140 --> 00:22:15.170
  • This temple was appropriately
  • 00:22:15.170 --> 00:22:17.010
  • known as the Second Temple.
  • 00:22:17.070 --> 00:22:20.070
  • Then Alexander the Great
  • 00:22:20.070 --> 00:22:21.280
  • conquered Judea in 332 B.C.
  • 00:22:22.140 --> 00:22:25.140
  • After his death Jerusalem and
  • 00:22:25.140 --> 00:22:27.230
  • the Second Temple became part of
  • 00:22:27.230 --> 00:22:29.200
  • the Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt.
  • 00:22:29.200 --> 00:22:32.200
  • Then in about 200 B.C.
  • 00:22:32.200 --> 00:22:34.280
  • Judea came under the authority
  • 00:22:34.280 --> 00:22:36.280
  • of the Seleucid Empire of Syria.
  • 00:22:37.180 --> 00:22:40.180
  • In 167 B.C., Antiochus IV of
  • 00:22:41.070 --> 00:22:44.070
  • Syria committed the ultimate
  • 00:22:44.070 --> 00:22:46.000
  • offense against the Jewish
  • 00:22:46.000 --> 00:22:47.160
  • people when he erected an altar
  • 00:22:47.160 --> 00:22:49.190
  • to Zeus and slaughtered
  • 00:22:49.190 --> 00:22:51.070
  • pigs there to defile the place.
  • 00:22:51.150 --> 00:22:54.150
  • The Second Temple was looted and
  • 00:22:54.150 --> 00:22:56.070
  • its religious services stopped.
  • 00:22:56.180 --> 00:22:59.180
  • A Judean rebel group called the
  • 00:22:59.180 --> 00:23:01.090
  • Maccabees rose up against the
  • 00:23:01.090 --> 00:23:03.090
  • Seleucid Empire to reclaim the
  • 00:23:03.090 --> 00:23:05.200
  • honor of Judaism.
  • 00:23:05.200 --> 00:23:07.200
  • The revolt was a series of
  • 00:23:07.200 --> 00:23:09.050
  • battles over 7 years where the
  • 00:23:09.050 --> 00:23:11.100
  • outnumbered Maccabees became
  • 00:23:11.100 --> 00:23:13.020
  • known for their guerrilla
  • 00:23:13.020 --> 00:23:14.120
  • warfare tactics.
  • 00:23:14.120 --> 00:23:16.110
  • In 164 B.C., the Maccabees
  • 00:23:16.110 --> 00:23:18.230
  • finally reclaimed Jerusalem and
  • 00:23:18.230 --> 00:23:21.040
  • ritually cleansed the temple.
  • 00:23:21.040 --> 00:23:24.000
  • The temple again became the
  • 00:23:24.000 --> 00:23:25.150
  • religious pillar of the
  • 00:23:25.150 --> 00:23:26.240
  • Israelites.
  • 00:23:26.240 --> 00:23:28.210
  • This 103-year time period of
  • 00:23:28.210 --> 00:23:30.240
  • relative independence is known
  • 00:23:30.240 --> 00:23:32.240
  • as the Hasmonean Dynasty, a
  • 00:23:32.240 --> 00:23:34.290
  • period which ended in 63 B.C.
  • 00:23:34.290 --> 00:23:37.290
  • at the Roman conquest of
  • 00:23:37.290 --> 00:23:39.060
  • Jerusalem under Pompeii the
  • 00:23:39.060 --> 00:23:41.010
  • Great.
  • 00:23:41.010 --> 00:23:42.080
  • Judea was turned into a client
  • 00:23:42.080 --> 00:23:43.290
  • state kingdom of the Roman
  • 00:23:43.290 --> 00:23:45.140
  • Empire, which began the
  • 00:23:45.140 --> 00:23:46.250
  • collaboration between the Romans
  • 00:23:46.250 --> 00:23:49.010
  • In around 20 B.C., Herod the
  • 00:23:52.040 --> 00:23:54.000
  • Great began a massive rebuild of
  • 00:23:54.000 --> 00:23:56.210
  • the temple in order to make it
  • 00:23:56.210 --> 00:23:58.040
  • bigger and better.
  • 00:23:58.040 --> 00:24:00.250
  • Herod's temple in Jerusalem
  • 00:24:00.250 --> 00:24:02.100
  • during the spectacle of the
  • 00:24:02.100 --> 00:24:03.160
  • Passover Feast must have been
  • 00:24:03.160 --> 00:24:05.180
  • quite an experience for a
  • 00:24:05.180 --> 00:24:06.270
  • 12-year-old boy from the small
  • 00:24:06.270 --> 00:24:08.150
  • "And when the feast was ended,
  • 00:24:19.230 --> 00:24:21.210
  • as they were returning, the boy,
  • 00:24:21.210 --> 00:24:23.140
  • Jesus, stayed behind in
  • 00:24:23.140 --> 00:24:25.030
  • Jerusalem.
  • 00:24:25.030 --> 00:24:26.160
  • His parents did not know it, but
  • 00:24:26.160 --> 00:24:28.080
  • supposing him to be in the group
  • 00:24:28.080 --> 00:24:30.070
  • they went a day's journey.
  • 00:24:30.070 --> 00:24:32.090
  • But then they began to search
  • 00:24:32.090 --> 00:24:33.200
  • for him among their relatives
  • 00:24:33.200 --> 00:24:35.060
  • and acquaintances, and when they
  • 00:24:35.060 --> 00:24:36.210
  • did not find him, they returned
  • 00:24:36.210 --> 00:24:38.060
  • to Jerusalem, searching for him.
  • 00:24:38.060 --> 00:24:41.060
  • After 3 days they found him in
  • 00:24:41.060 --> 00:24:43.080
  • the temple, sitting among the
  • 00:24:43.080 --> 00:24:45.040
  • teachers, listening to them and
  • 00:24:45.040 --> 00:24:46.280
  • asking them questions, and all
  • 00:24:46.280 --> 00:24:49.100
  • who heard him were amazed at his
  • 00:24:49.100 --> 00:24:51.090
  • understanding and his answers.
  • 00:24:51.090 --> 00:24:54.010
  • And when his parents saw him,
  • 00:24:54.010 --> 00:24:55.200
  • they were astonished, and his
  • 00:24:55.200 --> 00:24:57.280
  • mother said to him, 'Son, why
  • 00:24:57.280 --> 00:24:59.230
  • have you treated us so?
  • 00:24:59.230 --> 00:25:02.000
  • Behold, your father and I have
  • 00:25:02.000 --> 00:25:03.100
  • been searching for you in great
  • 00:25:03.100 --> 00:25:04.260
  • distress.'
  • 00:25:04.260 --> 00:25:06.160
  • And he said to them, 'Why were
  • 00:25:06.160 --> 00:25:08.050
  • you looking for me?
  • 00:25:08.050 --> 00:25:09.220
  • Did you not know that I must be
  • 00:25:09.220 --> 00:25:11.180
  • in my Father's house?'
  • 00:25:11.180 --> 00:25:13.140
  • And they did not understand the
  • 00:25:13.140 --> 00:25:15.030
  • saying that he spoke to them,
  • 00:25:15.030 --> 00:25:17.260
  • and he went down with them and
  • 00:25:17.260 --> 00:25:19.090
  • came to Nazareth and was
  • 00:25:19.090 --> 00:25:21.040
  • submissive to them.
  • 00:25:21.040 --> 00:25:22.240
  • And his mother treasured up all
  • 00:25:22.240 --> 00:25:24.180
  • these things in her heart.
  • 00:25:24.180 --> 00:25:27.080
  • And Jesus increased in wisdom
  • 00:25:27.080 --> 00:25:29.220
  • and in stature and in favor with
  • 00:25:29.220 --> 00:25:31.290
  • God and man."
  • 00:25:31.290 --> 00:25:34.100
  • It seems Jesus had a normal
  • 00:25:34.100 --> 00:25:35.260
  • childhood in Nazareth, but at
  • 00:25:35.260 --> 00:25:38.200
  • the age of 12 Jesus started to
  • 00:25:38.200 --> 00:25:40.230
  • show a new side.
  • 00:25:40.230 --> 00:25:43.070
  • According to the Gospels, he had
  • 00:25:43.070 --> 00:25:44.120
  • extraordinary insight beyond his
  • 00:25:44.120 --> 00:25:46.160
  • years.
  • 00:25:46.160 --> 00:25:47.240
  • He earned special respect from
  • 00:25:47.240 --> 00:25:49.150
  • his elders in the Jewish temple.
  • 00:25:49.150 --> 00:25:52.000
  • Undoubtedly, it was a bit
  • 00:25:52.000 --> 00:25:53.100
  • different in the Herodian
  • 00:25:53.100 --> 00:25:54.270
  • palaces throughout Judea.
  • 00:25:54.270 --> 00:25:57.230
  • By contrast, King Herod's sons
  • 00:25:57.230 --> 00:25:59.280
  • were raised in royal splendor,
  • 00:25:59.280 --> 00:26:02.030
  • royal privilege.
  • 00:26:02.030 --> 00:26:03.190
  • They were feared merely because
  • 00:26:03.190 --> 00:26:05.120
  • of their position and power.
  • 00:26:05.120 --> 00:26:08.050
  • Although early in Jesus' life,
  • 00:26:08.050 --> 00:26:10.100
  • it seems a clash of kingdoms was
  • 00:26:10.100 --> 00:26:12.280
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