The Gospels | Episode 13 | TBN

The Gospels | Episode 13

Watch The Gospels | Episode 13
February 29, 2016
27:28

Drive Thru History: The Gospels

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The Gospels | Episode 13

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  • The Gospels," Jesus hit the road to confront
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  • his destiny in Jerusalem.
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  • On his way, Jesus did a remarkable thing.
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  • He raised his friend Lazarus from the dead.
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  • News spread throughout Judea.
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  • The religious and political authorities in and around
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  • Jerusalem were in a panic.
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  • This man was becoming too popular and too powerful.
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  • In fact, Caiaphas, the Jewish high priest,
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  • had all but put a bounty on Jesus' head.
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  • What was Jesus' response?
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  • Did he take up arms and surround himself with guards?
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  • Did he retreat to a cave and hide in the desert?
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  • No, the gospels tell us that Jesus continued his public
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  • outreach to the common people on the outskirts of Jerusalem.
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  • 00:00:48.250 --> 00:01:03.240
  • 00:01:03.250 --> 00:01:13.260
  • 00:01:13.260 --> 00:01:13.270
  • 00:01:13.270 --> 00:01:18.240
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  • Dave: At the time of Jesus, Jericho was known
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  • as an oasis city.
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  • In fact, Herod the Great built his winter palace here.
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  • You can see the remains of that palace beneath me, down below.
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  • Now, he built it here in Jericho because of the city's warm
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  • climates and the numerous freshwater springs.
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  • The Bible calls Jericho the city of palm trees.
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  • This is one of the places that Jesus made a point to visit on
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  • his trips to Jerusalem.
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  • His final journey to the region was no different.
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  • Jericho was about 15 miles northeast of Jerusalem,
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  • near the Jordan River.
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  • It's known as one of the oldest inhabited cities in the world.
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  • It's also the first city that the Israelites conquered after
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  • they crossed the Jordan River and arrived in Canaan,
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  • after their escape from Egypt, some 1.400 years earlier.
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  • Today, Jericho is located in the Palestinian territories.
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  • Its current population is about 20.000.
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  • And as you can see, the ruins of the ancient city
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  • lie among houses and hotels.
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  • But along with the rich and powerful, homeless outcasts
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  • often lined the roads in and out of Jericho because it was a good
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  • place to encounter the well-to- do traders and political elites.
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  • The Gospel of Luke tells us, "As Jesus drew near to Jericho, a
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  • blind man was sitting by the roadside begging.
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  • And hearing a crowd going by, he inquired what this meant.
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  • They told him, 'Jesus of Nazareth is passing by,'
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  • and he cried out, 'Jesus, son of David,
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  • have mercy on me.' Jesus stopped.
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  • 'What do you want me to do for you?'
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  • The blind beggar said, 'Lord, let me recover my sight.'
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  • And Jesus said to him, 'Recover your sight.
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  • Your faith has made you well.' And immediately, he recovered
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  • his sight and followed him, glorifying God.
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  • And all the people, when they saw it, gave praise to God."
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  • Luke 18:35-43.
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  • In addition to being an oasis city, Jericho was a border town,
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  • a lucrative hub for agriculture and commerce, and as a result
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  • became a key center for Roman tax collection.
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  • Now, returning to the Gospel of Luke, we learn that a man
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  • named Zacchaeus was the chief tax collector
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  • for the region of Jericho.
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  • Although he was a native Judean, he had sold out and become part
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  • of the oppressive and despised Roman tax machine.
  • 00:04:16.050 --> 00:04:21.090
  • Now, the Romans needed local tax collectors, and found it
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  • advantageous to hire locals like Zacchaeus so that they could
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  • collect money from their kinfolk.
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  • In return, these tax collectors would pledge their allegiance to
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  • Rome, charge a hefty commission and, in most cases, they would
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  • skim a little extra off the top.
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  • As a result, they were despised, and that stigma was so
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  • well-known that Jesus even used it as part of an earlier
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  • teaching on love during his Sermon on the Mount.
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  • "For if you love those who love you, what rewards do you have?
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  • Do not even the tax collectors do the same?"
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  • Matthew 5:46.
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  • Zacchaeus was the chief tax collector of a very lucrative
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  • trade hub here at Jericho.
  • 00:05:08.210 --> 00:05:11.110
  • And as a result, he had gotten rich and powerful
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  • at the expense of his own people.
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  • He was considered to be a traitor.
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  • While Jesus was passing through Jericho on his final trip
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  • to Jerusalem, a large crowd had gathered.
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  • The Gospel of Luke tells us that Zacchaeus was a small man, and
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  • so he ran up ahead of the crowd and climbed up a sycamore tree
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  • like this one so that he could get a better look at Jesus
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  • as he came passing by.
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  • Now, here's a little tidbit for all you dendrologists out there.
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  • The sycamore tree, or the ficus sycamoris,
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  • is actually a kind of a fig tree.
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  • In fact, it's one of the oldest species of trees in the world.
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  • And if you're keeping score at home, 50 points for anyone who
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  • knew that dendrology was the study of trees.
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  • I had to look it up.
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  • Now, locals claim that the remains of this tree is the
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  • actual tree that Zacchaeus climbed when Jesus
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  • came through Jericho.
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  • But it's impossible to know for sure.
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  • "And when Jesus came to the place, he looked up and said to
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  • him, 'Zacchaeus, hurry and come down, for I must stay at your
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  • house today,'" Luke 19:5.
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  • The disciples maybe cringed a bit.
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  • The crowd grumbled.
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  • This odd, tree-climbing traitor was a tax collector, after all.
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  • Of all the places Jesus could go for dinner,
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  • why did it have to be the home of Zacchaeus?
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  • But as we've learned in this series of "Drive Thru History,"
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  • Jesus was always looking for ways
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  • to teach lessons to his followers.
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  • And in this gospel story, he wanted to show Zacchaeus, and
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  • all the other onlookers who were witnessing this encounter,
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  • that the forgiveness that he spoke of was for everyone,
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  • even tax collectors, the so-called worst of sinners.
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  • In other words, the seemingly unthinkable was now possible.
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  • "And Jesus said to Zacchaeus, 'Today, salvation has come
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  • to this house, for the son of Man came to seek
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  • and to save the lost,'" Luke 19:9-10.
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  • So, right up to the end of his ministry, the gospels tell of
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  • Jesus bringing hope to common people, giving sight to the
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  • blind, forgiving the greatest of sinners, and teaching a new way.
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  • The time in Jericho marked the end of his ministry, and now it
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  • was time for the long, uphill walk from Jericho to Jerusalem.
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  • It's about a 3.300-foot gain of vertical elevation.
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  • As Jesus neared the outskirts of Jerusalem, Jesus stopped at
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  • Bethany to rest and spend some time with some dear friends.
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  • According to the Gospel of John, it was 6 days before
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  • the feast of the Passover.
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  • Now, according to the gospels, Jesus joined his friends Mary,
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  • Martha, and Lazarus, who he had earlier raised from the dead,
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  • for a meal at the home of Simon.
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  • Simon was probably a leper who had been healed by Jesus,
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  • and had become one of his followers.
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  • Martha was serving the guests, and Lazarus was reclining
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  • at the table with Jesus and his disciples.
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  • Then, Mary came into the room and approached Jesus.
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  • The Gospel of Matthew says she came up to him with an alabaster
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  • flask of very expensive ointment, and she poured it on
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  • his head as he reclined at the table.
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  • And when the disciples saw it, they were indignant, saying,
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  • "Why this waste?
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  • For this could have been sold for a large sum
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  • and given to the poor."
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  • But Jesus, aware of this, said to them,
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  • "Why do you trouble the woman?
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  • For she has done a beautiful thing to me.
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  • For you always have the poor with you,
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  • but you will not always have me.
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  • In pouring this ointment on my body,
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  • she has done it to prepare me for burial.
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  • Truly I say to you, wherever this gospel is proclaimed
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  • in the whole world, what she has done will also be told
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  • in memory of her," Matthew 26:7-13.
  • 00:09:29.090 --> 00:09:35.140
  • Despite some criticism from some of the disciples about the waste
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  • of this costly substance, Jesus defends her, saying that she had
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  • kept the perfume for his burial, and had done him an act of
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  • service, an act that would be remembered for years to come.
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  • Remarkably, Mary seemed to know that the time of Jesus' death
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  • was at hand, something that was lost on the disciples, despite
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  • the fact that Jesus had mentioned it several times
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  • in the prior weeks.
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  • Mary of Bethany is one of the most beautiful characters
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  • in all the gospels.
  • 00:10:08.240 --> 00:10:10.240
  • She's often mentioned in Christian sermons as a woman of
  • 00:10:10.250 --> 00:10:13.200
  • noble character, and a person to emulate for her thoughtful and
  • 00:10:13.210 --> 00:10:18.030
  • heartfelt response to the teachings of Jesus.
  • 00:10:18.040 --> 00:10:22.130
  • The dome on the Dominus Flevit church, here on the Mount of
  • 00:10:22.140 --> 00:10:25.240
  • Olives, is built in the shape of a teardrop, and there are four
  • 00:10:25.250 --> 00:10:29.120
  • alabaster jars on the four corners to memorialize Mary
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  • pouring out her grief on Jesus' head and feet.
  • 00:10:34.140 --> 00:10:39.140
  • After Jesus again referenced his coming death
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  • and honored Mary for her faithful act,
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  • he finished his meal with his friends.
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  • He then did something rather strange.
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  • He instructed two of his disciples to go ahead to the
  • 00:10:49.180 --> 00:10:53.060
  • next village, Bethphage, and find a donkey.
  • 00:10:53.070 --> 00:10:57.170
  • The ancient village of Bethphage is now a part of Jerusalem, but
  • 00:10:57.180 --> 00:11:01.030
  • at the time of Jesus, it would have been a separate village
  • 00:11:01.040 --> 00:11:03.260
  • between Bethany and Jerusalem.
  • 00:11:03.270 --> 00:11:07.030
  • The gospel text reads, "Go into the village in front of you,
  • 00:11:07.040 --> 00:11:11.060
  • and immediately you will find a donkey tied,
  • 00:11:11.070 --> 00:11:14.040
  • and a colt with her.
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  • Untie them and bring them to me.
  • 00:11:16.000 --> 00:11:18.150
  • If anyone says anything to you, you shall say, 'The Lord needs
  • 00:11:18.160 --> 00:11:21.240
  • them,' and he will send them at once," Matthew 21:2-3.
  • 00:11:21.250 --> 00:11:27.230
  • I'm here at the church of Bethphage, a Franciscan
  • 00:11:29.200 --> 00:11:32.220
  • church located here on the Mount of Olives.
  • 00:11:32.230 --> 00:11:36.060
  • Now, this present-day church was built in 1883, over the
  • 00:11:36.070 --> 00:11:40.170
  • foundation of a 12th-century chapel, which itself was built
  • 00:11:40.180 --> 00:11:45.040
  • over the foundation of a 4th-century Byzantine shrine.
  • 00:11:45.050 --> 00:11:49.120
  • Now, the church of Bethphage is the location associated with the
  • 00:11:49.130 --> 00:11:53.080
  • spot where Jesus mounted a donkey and began his procession
  • 00:11:53.090 --> 00:11:58.080
  • into the city of Jerusalem.
  • 00:11:58.090 --> 00:12:01.140
  • Now, imagine the scene.
  • 00:12:01.150 --> 00:12:03.070
  • A large crowd of Passover visitors already had heard that
  • 00:12:03.080 --> 00:12:08.060
  • Jesus was on his way to Jerusalem.
  • 00:12:08.070 --> 00:12:10.250
  • By now, many of them had heard that Jesus had raised Lazarus
  • 00:12:10.260 --> 00:12:13.250
  • from the dead, and they wanted to see Jesus in person.
  • 00:12:13.260 --> 00:12:18.050
  • Many no doubt saw this as a sign of Jesus' identity as the
  • 00:12:18.060 --> 00:12:21.220
  • Messiah, and they wanted to proclaim him as King
  • 00:12:21.230 --> 00:12:25.140
  • when he entered Jerusalem.
  • 00:12:25.150 --> 00:12:29.070
  • When Jesus arrived here at Bethphage, just beyond the city
  • 00:12:29.080 --> 00:12:32.230
  • of Jerusalem, he got onto a donkey to ride
  • 00:12:32.240 --> 00:12:36.020
  • the rest of the way.
  • 00:12:36.030 --> 00:12:37.260
  • In this way, he fulfilled an ancient prophecy from hundreds
  • 00:12:37.270 --> 00:12:41.090
  • of years earlier, "Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion!
  • 00:12:41.100 --> 00:12:46.200
  • Shout aloud, O daughter of Jerusalem!
  • 00:12:46.210 --> 00:12:49.190
  • Behold, your king is coming to you, righteous and having
  • 00:12:49.200 --> 00:12:53.230
  • salvation is he, humble and mounted on a donkey, on a colt,
  • 00:12:53.240 --> 00:12:59.070
  • the foal of a donkey," Zechariah 9:9.
  • 00:12:59.080 --> 00:13:03.270
  • When he did this, the crowds surged to greet Jesus, marking
  • 00:13:03.280 --> 00:13:08.090
  • the beginning of the events known as the triumphal entry.
  • 00:13:08.100 --> 00:13:13.120
  • The triumphal entry marks the occasion that Jesus rode into
  • 00:13:13.130 --> 00:13:17.080
  • Jerusalem on what we know today as Palm Sunday.
  • 00:13:17.090 --> 00:13:21.290
  • Jesus rode in on the back of a donkey's colt, and the disciples
  • 00:13:22.000 --> 00:13:25.230
  • spread their cloaks on the donkey for Jesus to sit on.
  • 00:13:25.240 --> 00:13:30.020
  • And the masses came out and welcomed him, laying their
  • 00:13:30.030 --> 00:13:33.070
  • cloaks and their branches of palm trees down before him.
  • 00:13:33.080 --> 00:13:38.110
  • The people hailed Jesus as the king who comes in the name of
  • 00:13:38.120 --> 00:13:43.250
  • the Lord, as he rode from here, in Bethphage, down across the
  • 00:13:43.260 --> 00:13:48.150
  • Kidron Valley, up the slope, through the golden gates,
  • 00:13:48.160 --> 00:13:53.020
  • into the temple complex.
  • 00:13:53.030 --> 00:13:56.150
  • Jesus' purpose in riding into Jerusalem was to make public
  • 00:13:56.160 --> 00:13:59.260
  • his claim to be Messiah,
  • 00:13:59.270 --> 00:14:02.040
  • in fulfillment of biblical prophecy.
  • 00:14:02.050 --> 00:14:04.230
  • Jesus rode into his capital city through the golden gate
  • 00:14:04.240 --> 00:14:09.120
  • of the temple complex as a conquering king,
  • 00:14:09.130 --> 00:14:12.290
  • and was hailed by the people as such.
  • 00:14:13.000 --> 00:14:16.030
  • Now, I'm standing on top of the Mount of Olives,
  • 00:14:16.040 --> 00:14:18.260
  • about halfway between Bethphage to the east over there,
  • 00:14:18.270 --> 00:14:22.240
  • and the golden gate to the west.
  • 00:14:22.250 --> 00:14:25.250
  • Now, the golden gate has been filled with stone blocks,
  • 00:14:25.260 --> 00:14:28.190
  • but you can still see its location right over there.
  • 00:14:28.200 --> 00:14:33.270
  • Now, in between the golden gate and me is the Kidron Valley.
  • 00:14:33.280 --> 00:14:40.020
  • Back to the biblical narrative, "And those who went before
  • 00:14:41.070 --> 00:14:44.140
  • and those who followed were shouting, 'Hosanna!
  • 00:14:44.150 --> 00:14:48.190
  • Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord!
  • 00:14:48.200 --> 00:14:52.100
  • Blessed is the coming kingdom of our father David!
  • 00:14:52.110 --> 00:14:55.290
  • Hosanna in the highest!'" Mark 11:9-10.
  • 00:14:56.000 --> 00:15:02.140
  • The people were singing from Psalm 118,
  • 00:15:02.150 --> 00:15:05.180
  • written nearly 1.000 years earlier.
  • 00:15:05.190 --> 00:15:09.050
  • Hosanna is a shout of jubilation,
  • 00:15:09.060 --> 00:15:12.030
  • which means Savior, or save us.
  • 00:15:12.040 --> 00:15:15.220
  • This was a huge change of course in the ministry of Jesus.
  • 00:15:15.230 --> 00:15:20.050
  • No longer was he telling his disciples to be quiet about him,
  • 00:15:20.060 --> 00:15:23.130
  • but to shout their praises and to worship him openly.
  • 00:15:23.140 --> 00:15:27.100
  • We learn from the Hebrew Scriptures that the spreading of
  • 00:15:27.110 --> 00:15:30.100
  • cloaks was an homage for royalty.
  • 00:15:30.110 --> 00:15:34.100
  • Jesus was openly declaring that he was the Messiah, their King,
  • 00:15:34.110 --> 00:15:40.070
  • the one they were waiting for.
  • 00:15:40.080 --> 00:15:43.110
  • But this is where things get a bit confusing.
  • 00:15:43.120 --> 00:15:45.250
  • While the people accepted Jesus as their Messiah, most welcomed
  • 00:15:45.260 --> 00:15:49.100
  • him out of their desire for a deliverer, someone who would
  • 00:15:49.110 --> 00:15:52.100
  • lead them in a revolt against Rome.
  • 00:15:52.110 --> 00:15:55.010
  • They hailed Jesus as king with their many hosannas, recognizing
  • 00:15:55.020 --> 00:15:58.180
  • him as the son of David, who came in the name of the Lord,
  • 00:15:58.190 --> 00:16:02.080
  • but they missed the bigger picture.
  • 00:16:02.090 --> 00:16:04.160
  • They missed the spiritual nature of the kingship he was claiming.
  • 00:16:04.170 --> 00:16:09.150
  • At the triumphal entry, Jesus started on the Mount of Olives,
  • 00:16:09.160 --> 00:16:14.040
  • up there to the east.
  • 00:16:14.050 --> 00:16:17.040
  • He rode down here, through the Kidron Valley, and then up
  • 00:16:17.050 --> 00:16:23.280
  • through the golden gate to the west.
  • 00:16:23.290 --> 00:16:28.090
  • Now, the account of the triumphal entry
  • 00:16:28.100 --> 00:16:31.140
  • is one of contrasts.
  • 00:16:31.150 --> 00:16:34.040
  • It's the latest example of the clash of kingdoms that we've
  • 00:16:34.050 --> 00:16:37.100
  • seen so often in the gospel account.
  • 00:16:37.110 --> 00:16:40.190
  • The gospel talks about a king who rode a donkey,
  • 00:16:40.200 --> 00:16:45.140
  • not an impressive steed.
  • 00:16:45.150 --> 00:16:47.290
  • He wore the clothes of a poor and humble man.
  • 00:16:48.000 --> 00:16:51.250
  • He talked about wisdom, love, grace, purity,
  • 00:16:51.260 --> 00:16:56.210
  • gentleness and forgiveness.
  • 00:16:56.220 --> 00:16:59.220
  • He didn't carry a plan to conquer armies or nations.
  • 00:16:59.230 --> 00:17:04.160
  • In fact, he talked about something far more radical
  • 00:17:04.170 --> 00:17:06.290
  • and difficult to grasp.
  • 00:17:07.000 --> 00:17:09.200
  • He said that we were supposed to love our enemies.
  • 00:17:09.210 --> 00:17:13.010
  • Jesus would soon be put to the test to see if he would
  • 00:17:13.020 --> 00:17:16.170
  • live by his own words.
  • 00:17:16.180 --> 00:17:19.190
  • When I think of Jesus entering Jerusalem on Palm Sunday, I
  • 00:17:19.200 --> 00:17:23.190
  • visualize this iconic scene with Jesus riding a donkey
  • 00:17:23.200 --> 00:17:27.270
  • through the eastern gate, the golden gate of Jerusalem,
  • 00:17:27.280 --> 00:17:31.120
  • with throngs of followers singing and cheering.
  • 00:17:31.130 --> 00:17:34.150
  • What a great image.
  • 00:17:34.160 --> 00:17:36.070
  • Now, it's important to note that the golden gate you see above me
  • 00:17:36.080 --> 00:17:39.280
  • is not the same golden gate that Jesus rode
  • 00:17:39.290 --> 00:17:42.110
  • through nearly 2.000 years ago.
  • 00:17:42.120 --> 00:17:44.220
  • This one here was built in the sixth or seventh centuries,
  • 00:17:44.230 --> 00:17:47.240
  • over the ruins of the ancient gates.
  • 00:17:47.250 --> 00:17:51.290
  • This one was sealed in the middle of the 16th century.
  • 00:17:52.000 --> 00:17:56.250
  • The walls and gates of Jerusalem had been torn down
  • 00:17:56.260 --> 00:18:00.060
  • and rebuilt several times.
  • 00:18:00.070 --> 00:18:02.120
  • When they were rebuilt, they were often rebuilt
  • 00:18:02.130 --> 00:18:04.100
  • on the same spots.
  • 00:18:04.110 --> 00:18:06.080
  • Evidence that the golden gate is built on the very spot it has
  • 00:18:06.090 --> 00:18:09.110
  • always been was found in 1969, when archaeologist James Fleming
  • 00:18:09.120 --> 00:18:14.280
  • was investigating the wall here.
  • 00:18:14.290 --> 00:18:17.120
  • It had rained heavily during the days before
  • 00:18:17.130 --> 00:18:19.250
  • and the ground was soggy.
  • 00:18:19.260 --> 00:18:22.110
  • As he investigated the area immediately in front of the
  • 00:18:22.120 --> 00:18:25.090
  • golden gate, which is now a Muslim cemetery,
  • 00:18:25.100 --> 00:18:28.170
  • the ground beneath his feet gave way, and he dropped
  • 00:18:28.180 --> 00:18:32.010
  • into a hole about 8 feet deep.
  • 00:18:32.020 --> 00:18:35.140
  • Fleming found himself, quote, "Knee-deep in bones," and became
  • 00:18:35.150 --> 00:18:39.120
  • suddenly aware that he had fallen into a mass burial site,
  • 00:18:39.130 --> 00:18:43.150
  • like a scene right out of "Indiana Jones."
  • 00:18:43.160 --> 00:18:46.040
  • However, once he got his bearings, he realized he could
  • 00:18:46.050 --> 00:18:48.290
  • see the clear shape of large, wedge-shaped stones
  • 00:18:49.000 --> 00:18:53.180
  • set into a massive arch.
  • 00:18:53.190 --> 00:18:56.110
  • It appeared he had discovered the top of the ancient gate
  • 00:18:56.120 --> 00:18:59.170
  • under the present golden gate.
  • 00:18:59.180 --> 00:19:02.100
  • Many scholars believe this is the actual gate that Jesus
  • 00:19:02.110 --> 00:19:06.100
  • walked through on the day of his triumphal entry.
  • 00:19:06.110 --> 00:19:12.000
  • After his triumphal entry into Jerusalem, Jesus spent
  • 00:19:14.240 --> 00:19:18.240
  • the next few days confronting the religious leaders
  • 00:19:18.250 --> 00:19:22.130
  • in the Jewish temple.
  • 00:19:22.140 --> 00:19:24.150
  • At night, he would exit through the golden gate and return to
  • 00:19:24.160 --> 00:19:27.290
  • Bethany to rest with his disciples.
  • 00:19:28.000 --> 00:19:31.180
  • It was in the temple that Jesus delivered some pretty powerful
  • 00:19:31.190 --> 00:19:34.240
  • lessons to the growing crowds, always within earshot of the
  • 00:19:34.250 --> 00:19:40.050
  • increasingly panicky and paranoid religious authorities.
  • 00:19:40.060 --> 00:19:45.150
  • One day, as Jesus was teaching the people in the temple and
  • 00:19:45.160 --> 00:19:48.130
  • preaching the gospel, the chief priests and the scribes with the
  • 00:19:48.140 --> 00:19:51.230
  • elders came up and said to him, "Tell us, by what authority do
  • 00:19:51.240 --> 00:19:56.070
  • you do these things?
  • 00:19:56.080 --> 00:19:57.170
  • Or who it is that gave you this authority?"
  • 00:19:57.180 --> 00:20:00.060
  • He answered them, "I will ask you a question.
  • 00:20:00.070 --> 00:20:03.050
  • Now tell me, was the baptism of John from heaven, or from man?"
  • 00:20:03.060 --> 00:20:08.140
  • And they discussed it with one another, saying, "If we say from
  • 00:20:08.150 --> 00:20:11.060
  • heaven, he will say, 'Why did you not believe him?' But if we
  • 00:20:11.070 --> 00:20:14.150
  • say from man, all the people will stone us to death, for they
  • 00:20:14.160 --> 00:20:18.060
  • are convinced that John was a prophet."
  • 00:20:18.070 --> 00:20:21.020
  • So, they answered that they did not know where it came from.
  • 00:20:21.030 --> 00:20:24.240
  • And Jesus said to them, "Then neither will I tell you by what
  • 00:20:24.250 --> 00:20:28.080
  • authority I do these things," Luke 20:1-8.
  • 00:20:28.090 --> 00:20:33.250
  • At one point, the religious leaders used spies to work into
  • 00:20:33.260 --> 00:20:38.000
  • the crowd in order to catch Jesus in a trap, anything to put
  • 00:20:38.010 --> 00:20:42.250
  • him at odds with the Roman governor.
  • 00:20:42.260 --> 00:20:46.020
  • They asked, "Is it lawful for us to pay taxes to Caesar or not?"
  • 00:20:46.030 --> 00:20:50.270
  • Luke 20:21.
  • 00:20:50.280 --> 00:20:53.220
  • They were attempting to get Jesus to decry the oppressive
  • 00:20:53.230 --> 00:20:57.100
  • Roman tax system.
  • 00:20:57.110 --> 00:20:59.190
  • They figured he would seize the opportunity to build popular
  • 00:20:59.200 --> 00:21:02.220
  • appeal with his Jewish audience.
  • 00:21:02.230 --> 00:21:05.070
  • The Gospel of Luke continues, "But he perceived their
  • 00:21:05.080 --> 00:21:09.250
  • craftiness and said to them, 'Show me a denarius.
  • 00:21:09.260 --> 00:21:13.170
  • Whose likeness and inscription does it have?' They said,
  • 00:21:13.180 --> 00:21:16.200
  • 'Caesar's.' He said to them, 'Then render to Caesar the
  • 00:21:16.210 --> 00:21:20.120
  • things that are Caesar's, and to God the things that are God's.'
  • 00:21:20.130 --> 00:21:24.200
  • And they were not able in the presence of the people to catch
  • 00:21:24.210 --> 00:21:27.140
  • him in what he said, but marveling at his answer,
  • 00:21:27.150 --> 00:21:30.130
  • they became silent," Luke 20:23-26.
  • 00:21:30.140 --> 00:21:35.190
  • Now, in case you were wondering, we can't be totally sure what
  • 00:21:35.200 --> 00:21:38.180
  • coin Jesus used in this often-quoted gospel text.
  • 00:21:38.190 --> 00:21:42.270
  • But it is presumed to be this one because it is a Roman
  • 00:21:42.280 --> 00:21:47.160
  • denarius and it has an image of Roman emperor Tiberius on it.
  • 00:21:47.170 --> 00:21:51.240
  • And Tiberius was emperor at the time.
  • 00:21:51.250 --> 00:21:56.130
  • On a final occasion, the Pharisees gathered together
  • 00:21:56.140 --> 00:21:59.250
  • in order to come up with a question that would stop
  • 00:21:59.260 --> 00:22:02.150
  • Jesus in his tracks.
  • 00:22:02.160 --> 00:22:04.150
  • One of them, a lawyer, asked the following as the ultimate test,
  • 00:22:04.160 --> 00:22:09.030
  • "Teacher, which commandment is the most important of all?"
  • 00:22:09.040 --> 00:22:13.160
  • Jesus answered, "Love the Lord your God with all your heart,
  • 00:22:13.170 --> 00:22:17.100
  • and with all your soul, and with all your mind.
  • 00:22:17.110 --> 00:22:20.000
  • This is the great and first commandment.
  • 00:22:20.010 --> 00:22:22.260
  • And the second is like it, love your neighbor as yourself.
  • 00:22:22.270 --> 00:22:27.060
  • On these two commandments depend all the law and the prophets,"
  • 00:22:27.070 --> 00:22:32.220
  • Matthew 22:37-40.
  • 00:22:32.230 --> 00:22:35.210
  • Now, incredibly, Jesus was wrapping the entirety of the
  • 00:22:35.220 --> 00:22:39.170
  • Hebrew Scriptures, the deposit of all the religious laws and
  • 00:22:39.180 --> 00:22:43.210
  • all of the prophetic teachings that had been passed down over
  • 00:22:43.220 --> 00:22:46.180
  • the centuries into two commands, love God and love others.
  • 00:22:46.190 --> 00:22:51.070
  • The Gospel of Mark tells us that after that,
  • 00:22:51.080 --> 00:22:53.250
  • no one dared ask him any more questions.
  • 00:22:53.260 --> 00:22:58.210
  • In a nutshell, the religious authorities were getting
  • 00:23:08.170 --> 00:23:11.100
  • shut down and shut out.
  • 00:23:11.110 --> 00:23:14.040
  • Jesus was not making it easy for them to trap him in his own
  • 00:23:14.050 --> 00:23:17.120
  • words, and he was becoming, for them, more and more of a threat.
  • 00:23:17.130 --> 00:23:22.040
  • But the common followers of Jesus were starting
  • 00:23:22.050 --> 00:23:24.200
  • to understand things more clearly, like they had special
  • 00:23:24.210 --> 00:23:28.150
  • goggles to see and special earbuds to hear.
  • 00:23:28.160 --> 00:23:32.260
  • Now, the Gospel of John has only one parable.
  • 00:23:32.270 --> 00:23:35.290
  • Its context is very visual and very meaningful.
  • 00:23:36.000 --> 00:23:39.190
  • But the religious Pharisees didn't get it,
  • 00:23:39.200 --> 00:23:42.120
  • but the hard-working locals sure did.
  • 00:23:42.130 --> 00:23:45.170
  • Now, I know it's the 21st century and very few of us have
  • 00:23:45.180 --> 00:23:48.030
  • experience with sheep or sheepherding, but see if you can
  • 00:23:48.040 --> 00:23:51.290
  • tell what Jesus was trying to say to the religious authorities
  • 00:23:52.000 --> 00:23:55.010
  • that he was talking to.
  • 00:23:55.020 --> 00:23:58.030
  • "'Very truly, I tell you, Pharisees, anyone who does not
  • 00:23:58.040 --> 00:24:01.230
  • enter the sheep pen by the gates, but climbs in by some
  • 00:24:01.240 --> 00:24:05.030
  • other way, is a thief and a robber.
  • 00:24:05.040 --> 00:24:07.260
  • The one who enters by the gate is the shepherd of the sheep.
  • 00:24:07.270 --> 00:24:11.190
  • The gatekeeper opens the gate for him,
  • 00:24:11.200 --> 00:24:14.140
  • and the sheep listen to his voice.
  • 00:24:14.150 --> 00:24:16.230
  • He calls his own sheep by name and leads them out.
  • 00:24:16.240 --> 00:24:20.220
  • When he has brought out all his own, he goes on ahead of them,
  • 00:24:20.230 --> 00:24:23.270
  • and his sheep follow him because they know his voice,
  • 00:24:23.280 --> 00:24:27.060
  • but they will never follow a stranger.
  • 00:24:27.070 --> 00:24:29.260
  • In fact, they will run away from him because they do not
  • 00:24:29.270 --> 00:24:32.080
  • recognize a stranger's voice.'
  • 00:24:32.090 --> 00:24:35.040
  • Jesus used this figure of speech,
  • 00:24:35.050 --> 00:24:37.070
  • but the Pharisees did not understand
  • 00:24:37.080 --> 00:24:39.060
  • what he was telling them.
  • 00:24:39.070 --> 00:24:40.220
  • Therefore, Jesus said again, 'Very truly I tell you,
  • 00:24:40.230 --> 00:24:44.150
  • I am the gate for the sheep.
  • 00:24:44.160 --> 00:24:46.290
  • All who have come before me are thieves and robbers, but the
  • 00:24:47.000 --> 00:24:50.150
  • sheep have not listened to them.
  • 00:24:50.160 --> 00:24:52.180
  • I am the gate; whoever enters through me will be saved.
  • 00:24:52.190 --> 00:24:56.240
  • They will come in and go out and find pasture.
  • 00:24:56.250 --> 00:25:00.040
  • The thief comes only to steal and kill and destroy.
  • 00:25:00.050 --> 00:25:04.020
  • I have come that they may have life, and have it to the full.
  • 00:25:04.030 --> 00:25:09.000
  • I am the good shepherd.
  • 00:25:09.010 --> 00:25:10.280
  • The good shepherd lays down his life for the sheep.
  • 00:25:10.290 --> 00:25:14.050
  • The hired hand is not the shepherd
  • 00:25:14.060 --> 00:25:16.100
  • and does not own the sheep.
  • 00:25:16.110 --> 00:25:18.120
  • But when he sees the wolf coming,
  • 00:25:18.130 --> 00:25:20.020
  • he abandons the sheep and runs away.
  • 00:25:20.030 --> 00:25:22.150
  • Then the wolf attacks the flock and scatters it.
  • 00:25:22.160 --> 00:25:25.260
  • The man runs away because he is a hired hand
  • 00:25:25.270 --> 00:25:28.110
  • and cares nothing for the sheep.
  • 00:25:28.120 --> 00:25:30.180
  • I am the good shepherd.
  • 00:25:30.190 --> 00:25:32.050
  • I know my sheep and my sheep know me,
  • 00:25:32.060 --> 00:25:35.130
  • just as the Father knows me and I know the Father,
  • 00:25:35.140 --> 00:25:38.090
  • and I lay down my life for the sheep.
  • 00:25:38.100 --> 00:25:41.100
  • I have other sheep that are not of this sheep pen;
  • 00:25:41.110 --> 00:25:43.280
  • I must bring them also.
  • 00:25:43.290 --> 00:25:45.250
  • They too will listen to my voice, and they shall be one
  • 00:25:45.260 --> 00:25:48.280
  • flock in one shepherd.
  • 00:25:48.290 --> 00:25:51.060
  • The reason my Father loves me is that I lay down my life,
  • 00:25:51.070 --> 00:25:55.080
  • only to take it up again.
  • 00:25:55.090 --> 00:25:58.090
  • No one takes it from me, but I lay it down of my own accord.
  • 00:25:58.100 --> 00:26:03.200
  • I have authority to lay it down
  • 00:26:03.210 --> 00:26:05.230
  • and authority to take it up again.
  • 00:26:05.240 --> 00:26:08.080
  • This command I received from my Father,'" John 10:1-18.
  • 00:26:08.090 --> 00:26:15.090
  • 00:26:17.260 --> 00:26:27.270
  • 00:26:27.270 --> 00:26:27.280
  • 00:26:27.280 --> 00:26:32.250
  • 00:26:32.260 --> 00:26:42.270
  • 00:26:42.270 --> 00:26:42.280
  • 00:26:42.280 --> 00:26:47.250
  • 00:26:47.260 --> 00:26:58.260
  • 00:27:06.120 --> 00:27:16.130
  • 00:27:16.130 --> 00:27:16.140
  • 00:27:16.140 --> 00:27:21.110
  • 00:27:21.120 --> 00:27:27.170