The Gospels | Episode 10 | TBN

The Gospels | Episode 10

Watch The Gospels | Episode 10
February 8, 2016
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Drive Thru History: The Gospels

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The Gospels | Episode 10

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  • - Dave Stotts: In our prior
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  • episode of "Drive Thru History:
  • 00:00:02.260 --> 00:00:04.210
  • The Gospels," Jesus delivered
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  • his famous Sermon on the Mount,
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  • which rocked the world of his
  • 00:00:08.290 --> 00:00:10.200
  • followers and critics alike.
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  • Jesus exposed new insights
  • 00:00:13.070 --> 00:00:15.160
  • about the kingdom of God, hard
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  • teachings that shook things up
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  • throughout Galilee.
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  • Jesus started teaching in
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  • parables, delivering
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  • multi-layered messages for
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  • those who had eyes to see and
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  • - Dave: At this point in the
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  • story, Jesus had developed
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  • quite a following here in
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  • Galilee.
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  • Some of the disciples he had
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  • hand-picked, like Peter,
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  • Andrew, James, and John.
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  • And others had heard his
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  • teachings and seen his
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  • miraculous actions, and had
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  • decided to follow him for
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  • themselves.
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  • But at this point, Jesus had a
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  • mission, for which he needed to
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  • select a group of men himself
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  • from the crowd.
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  • This was a special moment in
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  • time, where Jesus had to choose
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  • men from the crowd himself for
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  • a mission so crucial that they
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  • would be remembered throughout
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  • history.
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  • These decisions were so
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  • critical that Jesus would stay
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  • up all night before making
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  • them.
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  • "Jesus went out to the mountain
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  • to pray.
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  • And all night, he continued in
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  • prayer to God.
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  • And when it was day, he called
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  • his disciples and chose from
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  • them 12, who he also named
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  • apostles," Luke 6:12 through
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  • 13.
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  • Here is the roster for the team
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  • known as the 12: Simon called
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  • Peter, Andrew, James son of
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  • Zebedee, John, Philip,
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  • Bartholomew, Thomas, Matthew,
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  • James son of Alphaeus,
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  • Thaddaeus, Simon the zealot,
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  • and Judas Iscariot.
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  • It was here that the gospel
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  • name for these 12 guys,
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  • apostle, which means one who is
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  • sent out.
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  • That's just what Jesus would
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  • do.
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  • He would send them out to tell
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  • others about the kingdom of
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  • In addition, they were given
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  • special power to do miracles
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  • like Jesus had been doing,
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  • which would be evidence that
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  • their message came from God and
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  • not from men.
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  • These 12 Jesus sent out with
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  • the following instructions, "Do
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  • not go among the Gentiles, or
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  • enter any town of the
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  • Samaritans.
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  • Go rather to the lost sheep of
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  • Israel.
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  • As you go, proclaim this
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  • message: the kingdom of heaven
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  • has come near.
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  • Heal the sick, raise the dead,
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  • cleanse those who have leprosy,
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  • drive out demons.
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  • Freely you have received,
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  • freely give," Matthew 10:5
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  • through 8.
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  • While we really don't know how
  • 00:04:01.250 --> 00:04:03.210
  • the details of this
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  • multi-pronged preaching mission
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  • went, we can infer that the
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  • apostles made a significant
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  • impression because we read that
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  • Herod Antipas, the ruler of
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  • Galilee, now had increased
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  • concern about Jesus, a man he
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  • had never seen nor met.
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  • It's clear that Jesus knew the
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  • political dangers of expanding
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  • his message through his
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  • apostles because he warned them
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  • about the danger ahead of time.
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  • He said, "I am sending you out
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  • like sheep among wolves.
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  • Therefore, be as shrewd as
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  • snakes, and as innocent as
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  • doves.
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  • Be on your guard.
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  • You will be handed over to the
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  • local councils and be flogged
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  • in the synagogues.
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  • On my account, you will be
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  • brought before governors and
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  • kings as witnesses to them, and
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  • to the Gentiles.
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  • But when they arrest you, do
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  • not worry about what to say or
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  • how to say it.
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  • At that time, you will be given
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  • what to say, for it will not be
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  • you speaking, but the Spirit of
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  • your Father speaking through
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  • you," Matthew 10:16 though 20.
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  • - Dave: Now, I don't know
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  • about you guys, but if I were
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  • sitting there in the locker
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  • room and the coach was saying
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  • things like, "You boys are
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  • going to head out there like
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  • sheep among wolves, and you
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  • better be prepared to be
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  • flogged in the synagogue," I
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  • might be tempted to head back
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  • to the bus.
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  • Now, we don't know how their
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  • mission went, but it says a lot
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  • about Jesus as a leader and the
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  • disciples as men that, despite
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  • Jesus' seriously foreboding
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  • warning, the disciples went
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  • anyway.
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  • Another instruction Jesus gave
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  • his disciples was to not go to
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  • the Gentiles, but to the Jews,
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  • or the lost sheep of Israel.
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  • Now, later in the gospel story,
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  • that'll begin to make more
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  • sense, but for now, it's
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  • important just to understand
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  • the distinction between the two
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  • groups.
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  • Now, a Jew was anyone who
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  • belonged to 1 of the 12 tribes
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  • of Israel, and a Gentile was
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  • everyone else.
  • 00:05:59.160 --> 00:06:02.030
  • The word "Gentile" is of Latin
  • 00:06:02.030 --> 00:06:03.090
  • origin, meaning "belonging to a
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  • group."
  • 00:06:05.040 --> 00:06:06.140
  • However, as typically used in
  • 00:06:06.140 --> 00:06:07.290
  • the gospels, Gentile simply
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  • meant non-Jewish.
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  • The differences between the two
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  • groups are vast, and can be
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  • seen in what they ate, how they
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  • dressed, how they washed, how
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  • they worshipped, and what their
  • 00:06:19.180 --> 00:06:21.060
  • arts, academics, language, and
  • 00:06:21.060 --> 00:06:23.160
  • social customs looked like.
  • 00:06:23.160 --> 00:06:25.140
  • Even their architecture was
  • 00:06:25.140 --> 00:06:26.220
  • different.
  • 00:06:26.220 --> 00:06:27.280
  • At the center of the Jewish
  • 00:06:27.280 --> 00:06:29.020
  • culture were the Hebrew Bible
  • 00:06:29.020 --> 00:06:31.030
  • and the writings of their
  • 00:06:31.030 --> 00:06:32.030
  • rabbis.
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  • Jews believed in one
  • 00:06:33.080 --> 00:06:34.190
  • transcendent God, who created
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  • the universe and everything in
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  • it.
  • 00:06:38.050 --> 00:06:39.060
  • They also believed that they
  • 00:06:39.060 --> 00:06:40.160
  • were God's chosen people.
  • 00:06:40.160 --> 00:06:42.210
  • The Hellenistic culture in the
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  • area was more of a free for all
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  • of Greek and Roman mythology,
  • 00:06:46.170 --> 00:06:48.180
  • morality, philosophy, and
  • 00:06:48.180 --> 00:06:50.110
  • politics.
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  • - Dave: Now, after Jesus had
  • 00:06:52.110 --> 00:06:53.130
  • been teaching all day on the
  • 00:06:53.130 --> 00:06:55.020
  • Sea of Galilee, he instructed
  • 00:06:55.020 --> 00:06:56.140
  • his disciples to get into a
  • 00:06:56.140 --> 00:06:57.290
  • boat with him and travel to the
  • 00:06:57.290 --> 00:07:00.080
  • other side.
  • 00:07:00.080 --> 00:07:02.180
  • Now as we've learned, observant
  • 00:07:02.180 --> 00:07:04.120
  • Jews stuck pretty closely to
  • 00:07:04.120 --> 00:07:05.260
  • the northwestern region of the
  • 00:07:05.260 --> 00:07:07.120
  • Sea of Galilee.
  • 00:07:07.120 --> 00:07:09.060
  • The other side represented
  • 00:07:09.060 --> 00:07:10.190
  • everything that was impure,
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  • decadent, and sinful, certainly
  • 00:07:12.130 --> 00:07:15.070
  • not Jewish.
  • 00:07:15.070 --> 00:07:16.210
  • Now, the Greeks and then the
  • 00:07:16.210 --> 00:07:17.210
  • Romans built up ten cities
  • 00:07:17.210 --> 00:07:19.290
  • called the Decapolis to the
  • 00:07:19.290 --> 00:07:21.140
  • south and to the east side of
  • 00:07:21.140 --> 00:07:23.220
  • the Sea of Galilee.
  • 00:07:23.220 --> 00:07:25.200
  • These cities were exemplars to
  • 00:07:25.200 --> 00:07:27.280
  • Hellenistic culture and power.
  • 00:07:27.280 --> 00:07:30.200
  • There were temples to worship
  • 00:07:30.200 --> 00:07:32.000
  • idols, bath houses, stadiums,
  • 00:07:32.000 --> 00:07:34.140
  • theaters.
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  • These were all unclean places
  • 00:07:35.150 --> 00:07:37.020
  • to go.
  • 00:07:37.020 --> 00:07:38.110
  • Certainly they were all bad to
  • 00:07:38.110 --> 00:07:40.210
  • any practicing Jew.
  • 00:07:40.210 --> 00:07:42.230
  • Now, remember earlier, when
  • 00:07:42.230 --> 00:07:44.050
  • Jesus sent his disciples out,
  • 00:07:44.050 --> 00:07:46.040
  • he instructed them not to go to
  • 00:07:46.040 --> 00:07:47.210
  • the Gentiles, but to the Jews.
  • 00:07:47.210 --> 00:07:50.030
  • And also remember that Jews saw
  • 00:07:50.030 --> 00:07:52.070
  • non-Jews as ancillary to God's
  • 00:07:52.070 --> 00:07:55.070
  • overall plan.
  • 00:07:55.070 --> 00:07:56.220
  • So Jesus was making a pretty
  • 00:07:56.220 --> 00:07:58.020
  • surprising statement to his
  • 00:07:58.020 --> 00:07:59.170
  • disciples here.
  • 00:07:59.170 --> 00:08:01.080
  • The kingdom of God would now be
  • 00:08:01.080 --> 00:08:02.270
  • shared with the Gentiles, who
  • 00:08:02.270 --> 00:08:04.280
  • lived on the other side.
  • 00:08:06.150 --> 00:08:09.150
  • While on their way, the gospels
  • 00:08:09.150 --> 00:08:11.000
  • record that a sudden storm
  • 00:08:11.000 --> 00:08:13.110
  • kicked up and the disciples
  • 00:08:13.110 --> 00:08:14.230
  • were very scared.
  • 00:08:14.230 --> 00:08:16.210
  • They probably also thought that
  • 00:08:16.210 --> 00:08:18.000
  • the storm was confirmation that
  • 00:08:18.000 --> 00:08:19.170
  • they should not be going to the
  • 00:08:19.170 --> 00:08:20.130
  • other side.
  • 00:08:20.130 --> 00:08:22.290
  • Now it's not uncommon here in
  • 00:08:22.290 --> 00:08:25.000
  • the late fall and winter for
  • 00:08:25.000 --> 00:08:26.120
  • storms to form very quickly and
  • 00:08:26.120 --> 00:08:29.010
  • unexpectedly from the higher
  • 00:08:29.010 --> 00:08:30.130
  • elevations on the eastern side
  • 00:08:30.130 --> 00:08:32.140
  • of the lake.
  • 00:08:32.140 --> 00:08:33.260
  • Within minutes, the Sea of
  • 00:08:33.260 --> 00:08:35.010
  • Galilee can produce waves up to
  • 00:08:35.010 --> 00:08:37.020
  • 6 feet tall, which can easily
  • 00:08:37.020 --> 00:08:38.240
  • overwhelm a first century
  • 00:08:38.240 --> 00:08:40.170
  • Galilean fishing boat.
  • 00:08:40.180 --> 00:08:43.180
  • A trip to the other side soon
  • 00:08:43.180 --> 00:08:45.140
  • became a teachable moment for
  • 00:08:45.140 --> 00:08:47.160
  • Jesus, who, by the way, was
  • 00:08:47.160 --> 00:08:49.130
  • feeling pretty relaxed given
  • 00:08:49.130 --> 00:08:51.210
  • the circumstances.
  • 00:08:51.210 --> 00:08:54.060
  • "Jesus was in the stern,
  • 00:08:54.060 --> 00:08:55.250
  • sleeping on a cushion.
  • 00:08:55.250 --> 00:08:57.250
  • The disciples woke him and said
  • 00:08:57.250 --> 00:08:59.060
  • to him, 'Teacher, don't you
  • 00:08:59.060 --> 00:09:01.010
  • care if we drown?'
  • 00:09:01.010 --> 00:09:03.080
  • He got up, rebuked the wind, and
  • 00:09:03.080 --> 00:09:06.020
  • said to the waves, 'Quiet.
  • 00:09:06.020 --> 00:09:08.120
  • Be still.' Then the wind died
  • 00:09:08.120 --> 00:09:10.180
  • down and it was completely
  • 00:09:10.180 --> 00:09:12.020
  • calm.
  • 00:09:12.020 --> 00:09:13.120
  • He said to his disciples, 'Why
  • 00:09:13.120 --> 00:09:15.050
  • are you so afraid?
  • 00:09:15.050 --> 00:09:17.040
  • Do you still have no faith?'
  • 00:09:17.060 --> 00:09:20.060
  • They were terrified and asked
  • 00:09:20.060 --> 00:09:21.190
  • each other, 'Who is this?
  • 00:09:21.190 --> 00:09:23.240
  • Even the wind and the waves
  • 00:09:23.240 --> 00:09:25.100
  • obey him,'" Mark 4:38 through
  • 00:09:25.120 --> 00:09:28.120
  • - Dave: When the disciples
  • 00:09:34.080 --> 00:09:34.290
  • were traveling with Jesus, the
  • 00:09:34.290 --> 00:09:36.220
  • word "normal" was a pretty
  • 00:09:36.220 --> 00:09:38.100
  • fluid term.
  • 00:09:38.100 --> 00:09:39.250
  • But what would happen next
  • 00:09:39.250 --> 00:09:41.070
  • would be even scarier than a
  • 00:09:41.070 --> 00:09:42.200
  • sudden storm.
  • 00:09:42.200 --> 00:09:45.050
  • The disciples were about to get
  • 00:09:45.050 --> 00:09:46.170
  • a view into the darker and much
  • 00:09:46.170 --> 00:09:49.020
  • more mysterious side of the
  • 00:09:49.020 --> 00:09:50.160
  • spiritual world, the world of
  • 00:09:50.160 --> 00:09:52.140
  • demons and demon possession.
  • 00:09:52.140 --> 00:09:54.210
  • Now, this wasn't Jesus' first
  • 00:09:54.210 --> 00:09:56.070
  • or last encounter with demons
  • 00:09:56.070 --> 00:09:58.020
  • in the gospel narratives.
  • 00:09:58.020 --> 00:10:00.000
  • Here's how the story unfolds in
  • 00:10:00.000 --> 00:10:02.080
  • the Gospel of Mark.
  • 00:10:03.090 --> 00:10:06.090
  • "They came to the other side of
  • 00:10:06.090 --> 00:10:07.230
  • the sea, to the country of the
  • 00:10:07.230 --> 00:10:09.100
  • Gerasenes.
  • 00:10:09.100 --> 00:10:10.190
  • And when Jesus had stepped out
  • 00:10:10.190 --> 00:10:12.040
  • of the boat, immediately there
  • 00:10:12.040 --> 00:10:13.190
  • met him out of the tombs a man
  • 00:10:13.190 --> 00:10:15.250
  • with an unclean spirit.
  • 00:10:15.250 --> 00:10:17.250
  • He lived among the tombs, and
  • 00:10:17.250 --> 00:10:19.250
  • no one could bind him anymore,
  • 00:10:19.250 --> 00:10:21.140
  • not even with a chain, for he
  • 00:10:21.140 --> 00:10:22.240
  • had often been bound with
  • 00:10:22.240 --> 00:10:24.070
  • shackles and chains.
  • 00:10:24.070 --> 00:10:25.280
  • But he wrenched the chains
  • 00:10:25.280 --> 00:10:27.040
  • apart and he broke the shackles
  • 00:10:27.040 --> 00:10:28.220
  • in pieces.
  • 00:10:28.220 --> 00:10:30.250
  • No one had the strength to
  • 00:10:30.250 --> 00:10:31.260
  • subdue him.
  • 00:10:31.260 --> 00:10:33.100
  • Night and day, among the tombs
  • 00:10:33.100 --> 00:10:35.280
  • and on the mountains, he was
  • 00:10:35.280 --> 00:10:36.220
  • always crying out and cutting
  • 00:10:36.220 --> 00:10:38.160
  • himself with stones.
  • 00:10:38.160 --> 00:10:40.110
  • And when he saw Jesus from
  • 00:10:40.110 --> 00:10:41.210
  • afar, he ran and fell down
  • 00:10:41.210 --> 00:10:43.140
  • before him.
  • 00:10:43.140 --> 00:10:44.280
  • And crying out with a loud
  • 00:10:44.280 --> 00:10:46.020
  • voice, he said, 'What have you
  • 00:10:46.020 --> 00:10:48.170
  • to do with me, Jesus, son of
  • 00:10:48.170 --> 00:10:50.160
  • the Most High?
  • 00:10:50.160 --> 00:10:51.200
  • I adjure you, by God, do not
  • 00:10:51.200 --> 00:10:53.230
  • torment me.'
  • 00:10:53.230 --> 00:10:54.260
  • For he was saying to him, 'Come
  • 00:10:54.260 --> 00:10:56.160
  • out of the man, you unclean
  • 00:10:56.160 --> 00:10:57.270
  • spirit.'
  • 00:10:57.270 --> 00:10:59.100
  • And Jesus asked him, 'What is
  • 00:10:59.100 --> 00:11:01.060
  • your name?'
  • 00:11:01.060 --> 00:11:02.120
  • He replied, 'My name is Legion,
  • 00:11:02.120 --> 00:11:05.040
  • for we are many.'
  • 00:11:05.040 --> 00:11:06.150
  • And he begged him earnestly not
  • 00:11:06.150 --> 00:11:08.120
  • to send them out of the country.
  • 00:11:08.120 --> 00:11:10.290
  • Now, a great herd of pigs was
  • 00:11:10.290 --> 00:11:12.260
  • feeding there on the hillside.
  • 00:11:12.260 --> 00:11:15.000
  • And they begged him, saying,
  • 00:11:15.000 --> 00:11:16.120
  • 'Send us to the pigs.
  • 00:11:16.120 --> 00:11:18.050
  • Let us enter them.'
  • 00:11:18.050 --> 00:11:20.040
  • So he gave them permission.
  • 00:11:20.040 --> 00:11:21.260
  • And the unclean spirits came
  • 00:11:21.260 --> 00:11:23.110
  • out and entered the pigs.
  • 00:11:23.110 --> 00:11:25.150
  • And the herd, numbering about
  • 00:11:25.150 --> 00:11:27.050
  • 2.000, rushed down the steep
  • 00:11:27.050 --> 00:11:29.120
  • bank into the sea, and drowned
  • 00:11:29.120 --> 00:11:31.240
  • in the sea," Mark 5:1 through
  • 00:11:31.240 --> 00:11:34.050
  • 13.
  • 00:11:34.050 --> 00:11:36.210
  • "Those who had seen it told the
  • 00:11:36.210 --> 00:11:38.110
  • people what had happened to the
  • 00:11:38.110 --> 00:11:39.210
  • demon-possessed man, and told
  • 00:11:39.210 --> 00:11:41.130
  • about the pigs as well.
  • 00:11:41.130 --> 00:11:43.160
  • Then the people began to plead
  • 00:11:43.160 --> 00:11:45.070
  • with Jesus to leave their
  • 00:11:45.070 --> 00:11:46.240
  • region," Mark 5:14 through 17.
  • 00:11:49.250 --> 00:11:52.250
  • You know, it's interesting to
  • 00:11:52.250 --> 00:11:53.230
  • me that according to the gospel
  • 00:11:53.230 --> 00:11:55.040
  • story, Jesus had just saved a
  • 00:11:55.040 --> 00:11:56.280
  • man's life and freed him from
  • 00:11:56.280 --> 00:11:59.260
  • being tormented by a legion of
  • 00:11:59.260 --> 00:12:01.280
  • demons.
  • 00:12:01.280 --> 00:12:03.030
  • And yet, the local people
  • 00:12:03.030 --> 00:12:04.150
  • pleaded with Jesus to leave.
  • 00:12:04.150 --> 00:12:06.250
  • Maybe they were frightened with
  • 00:12:06.250 --> 00:12:07.280
  • his display of power over the
  • 00:12:07.280 --> 00:12:10.080
  • demonic underworld, or maybe
  • 00:12:10.080 --> 00:12:11.290
  • they were angry with him that
  • 00:12:11.290 --> 00:12:13.180
  • he had caused the death of
  • 00:12:13.180 --> 00:12:15.180
  • 2.000 squealing demon-possessed
  • 00:12:15.180 --> 00:12:18.090
  • pigs.
  • 00:12:18.090 --> 00:12:19.200
  • Maybe they valued the lives of
  • 00:12:19.200 --> 00:12:20.240
  • those pigs more than they did
  • 00:12:20.240 --> 00:12:22.020
  • the life of that one wretched
  • 00:12:22.020 --> 00:12:23.030
  • man.
  • 00:12:23.030 --> 00:12:23.210
  • After all, in today's money,
  • 00:12:23.210 --> 00:12:26.040
  • that was about a half a million
  • 00:12:26.040 --> 00:12:27.070
  • dollars worth of pigs.
  • 00:12:27.070 --> 00:12:29.090
  • So Jesus got ready to leave and
  • 00:12:29.090 --> 00:12:31.150
  • here's what happened next,
  • 00:12:31.150 --> 00:12:32.180
  • according to Mark 5.
  • 00:12:32.180 --> 00:12:34.070
  • As Jesus was getting into the
  • 00:12:34.070 --> 00:12:35.090
  • boat, the man who had been
  • 00:12:35.090 --> 00:12:36.150
  • demon-possessed begged to go
  • 00:12:36.150 --> 00:12:38.100
  • with him.
  • 00:12:38.100 --> 00:12:39.160
  • Jesus did not let him, but told
  • 00:12:39.160 --> 00:12:41.090
  • him to go home to his family
  • 00:12:41.090 --> 00:12:43.000
  • and tell them all that the Lord
  • 00:12:43.000 --> 00:12:44.070
  • had done for him, and how much
  • 00:12:44.070 --> 00:12:45.150
  • he has had mercy upon him.
  • 00:12:45.150 --> 00:12:48.010
  • So, the man went away and told
  • 00:12:48.010 --> 00:12:50.010
  • in the Decapolis all that Jesus
  • 00:12:50.010 --> 00:12:52.070
  • had done for him.
  • 00:12:52.070 --> 00:12:54.100
  • And all the people were amazed.
  • 00:12:55.200 --> 00:12:58.200
  • So after a wild day of
  • 00:12:58.200 --> 00:12:59.280
  • witnessing miracles, the
  • 00:12:59.280 --> 00:13:01.070
  • disciples had to get in a boat
  • 00:13:01.070 --> 00:13:03.060
  • and go home.
  • 00:13:03.060 --> 00:13:04.130
  • But I get to drive.
  • 00:13:04.130 --> 00:13:06.020
  • So, I'm going to head on over
  • 00:13:06.020 --> 00:13:07.000
  • to the Galilee Boat Museum and
  • 00:13:07.000 --> 00:13:08.140
  • look at what the boat that
  • 00:13:08.140 --> 00:13:09.250
  • Jesus and the disciples were
  • 00:13:09.250 --> 00:13:11.020
  • sailing would have looked like.
  • 00:13:11.020 --> 00:13:13.220
  • So, let's buckle up and drive
  • 00:13:13.220 --> 00:13:15.080
  • on over there.
  • 00:13:15.080 --> 00:13:16.250
  • - Dave: I'm here at Genesar, a
  • 00:13:38.190 --> 00:13:39.180
  • few miles south of Capernaum.
  • 00:13:39.180 --> 00:13:41.180
  • And behind me is a
  • 00:13:41.180 --> 00:13:43.050
  • first-century fishing boat that
  • 00:13:43.050 --> 00:13:45.060
  • was discovered in 1986.
  • 00:13:45.060 --> 00:13:48.050
  • I thought this would be a great
  • 00:13:48.050 --> 00:13:49.040
  • opportunity to share an
  • 00:13:49.040 --> 00:13:50.140
  • authentic artifact that would
  • 00:13:50.140 --> 00:13:51.290
  • help put these first century
  • 00:13:51.290 --> 00:13:54.060
  • Sea of Galilee stories into
  • 00:13:54.060 --> 00:13:55.260
  • better context.
  • 00:13:55.260 --> 00:13:58.160
  • During a major drought here at
  • 00:13:58.160 --> 00:13:59.290
  • the Sea of Galilee, two
  • 00:13:59.290 --> 00:14:01.160
  • brothers noticed a large oval
  • 00:14:01.160 --> 00:14:03.090
  • shape in the muddy shoreline.
  • 00:14:03.090 --> 00:14:05.230
  • Representatives of Israel's
  • 00:14:05.230 --> 00:14:07.080
  • Department of Antiquities
  • 00:14:07.080 --> 00:14:08.250
  • checked it out and confirmed
  • 00:14:08.250 --> 00:14:10.080
  • that it was the remains of an
  • 00:14:10.080 --> 00:14:11.230
  • ancient fishing vessel.
  • 00:14:11.230 --> 00:14:13.180
  • What happens next was
  • 00:14:13.180 --> 00:14:14.270
  • remarkable.
  • 00:14:14.270 --> 00:14:15.290
  • Working around the clock, the
  • 00:14:15.290 --> 00:14:17.190
  • boat was exhumed from the mud
  • 00:14:17.190 --> 00:14:19.260
  • over an 11 day period in a
  • 00:14:19.260 --> 00:14:21.210
  • painstaking process that
  • 00:14:21.210 --> 00:14:23.200
  • preserved the fragile remains.
  • 00:14:23.200 --> 00:14:26.050
  • The boat was wrapped in a
  • 00:14:26.050 --> 00:14:27.120
  • polyurethane shell and then
  • 00:14:27.120 --> 00:14:29.030
  • immersed in a special tank of
  • 00:14:29.030 --> 00:14:31.060
  • water.
  • 00:14:31.060 --> 00:14:32.050
  • Over a period of years, the
  • 00:14:32.050 --> 00:14:34.030
  • rotten wood was replaced with a
  • 00:14:34.030 --> 00:14:36.160
  • special wax underwater.
  • 00:14:36.160 --> 00:14:39.120
  • Ultimately, through a process
  • 00:14:39.120 --> 00:14:40.270
  • of gradually raising the water
  • 00:14:40.270 --> 00:14:42.220
  • temperature over a period of
  • 00:14:42.220 --> 00:14:44.060
  • many months, the wax-filled
  • 00:14:44.060 --> 00:14:46.030
  • shell was removed from the tank
  • 00:14:46.030 --> 00:14:48.150
  • and placed on display.
  • 00:14:48.150 --> 00:14:50.220
  • The boat behind me is now known
  • 00:14:50.220 --> 00:14:52.050
  • as the Galilee boat, or the
  • 00:14:52.050 --> 00:14:53.240
  • Jesus boat.
  • 00:14:53.240 --> 00:14:55.110
  • Multiple studies have dated the
  • 00:14:55.110 --> 00:14:56.290
  • ancient vessel to between 100
  • 00:14:56.290 --> 00:14:59.040
  • BC and 100 AD.
  • 00:14:59.040 --> 00:15:01.280
  • The structure and features of
  • 00:15:01.280 --> 00:15:03.280
  • the vessel are consistent with
  • 00:15:03.280 --> 00:15:05.130
  • fishing boats mentioned
  • 00:15:05.130 --> 00:15:07.000
  • throughout the gospel accounts
  • 00:15:07.000 --> 00:15:08.200
  • and in ancient artwork of the
  • 00:15:08.200 --> 00:15:10.050
  • period.
  • 00:15:10.220 --> 00:15:13.220
  • Here, we see a first century
  • 00:15:13.220 --> 00:15:15.030
  • mosaic that also corroborates
  • 00:15:15.030 --> 00:15:17.220
  • the first century design,
  • 00:15:17.220 --> 00:15:19.200
  • including oars and a small
  • 00:15:19.200 --> 00:15:21.260
  • mast.
  • 00:15:21.260 --> 00:15:23.020
  • A crew of six or more was
  • 00:15:23.020 --> 00:15:24.290
  • common.
  • 00:15:24.290 --> 00:15:26.200
  • Here at Genesar, where the
  • 00:15:26.200 --> 00:15:28.040
  • first century fishing boat was
  • 00:15:28.040 --> 00:15:29.220
  • discovered, you can see a jetty
  • 00:15:29.220 --> 00:15:32.020
  • or a stone breakwater going out
  • 00:15:32.020 --> 00:15:34.100
  • and curving a bit, making an
  • 00:15:34.100 --> 00:15:35.260
  • obvious harbor.
  • 00:15:35.260 --> 00:15:37.110
  • Remarkably, this entire area of
  • 00:15:37.110 --> 00:15:39.150
  • beach and grasslands was
  • 00:15:39.150 --> 00:15:41.230
  • covered by water until only a
  • 00:15:41.230 --> 00:15:43.170
  • few decades ago.
  • 00:15:43.170 --> 00:15:45.210
  • This ancient jetty was way
  • 00:15:45.210 --> 00:15:47.120
  • underwater.
  • 00:15:47.120 --> 00:15:48.210
  • One of the historical attacks
  • 00:15:48.210 --> 00:15:50.150
  • against the integrity of the
  • 00:15:50.150 --> 00:15:51.250
  • gospels was that there was no
  • 00:15:51.250 --> 00:15:53.120
  • evidence for the various
  • 00:15:53.120 --> 00:15:54.250
  • harbors mentioned throughout
  • 00:15:54.250 --> 00:15:56.100
  • the Scriptures, places like
  • 00:15:56.100 --> 00:15:58.160
  • Genesar, Tabgha, and Bethsaida,
  • 00:15:58.160 --> 00:16:01.180
  • also the multiple stone piers
  • 00:16:01.180 --> 00:16:03.280
  • at Capernaum.
  • 00:16:03.280 --> 00:16:05.040
  • Well, the same drought that
  • 00:16:05.040 --> 00:16:06.130
  • revealed the first century
  • 00:16:06.130 --> 00:16:08.050
  • Galilee boat also revealed the
  • 00:16:08.050 --> 00:16:10.100
  • jetties, coves, and piers of
  • 00:16:10.100 --> 00:16:12.270
  • some first-century harbors.
  • 00:16:12.270 --> 00:16:15.020
  • Remarkably, many of the harbors
  • 00:16:15.020 --> 00:16:16.240
  • from the gospel stories were
  • 00:16:16.240 --> 00:16:18.170
  • right where they were supposed
  • 00:16:18.170 --> 00:16:19.180
  • to be.
  • 00:16:19.180 --> 00:16:21.050
  • Here are some of the harbors
  • 00:16:21.050 --> 00:16:22.190
  • and coves revealed during the
  • 00:16:22.190 --> 00:16:24.200
  • last 30 years or so.
  • 00:16:27.290 --> 00:16:30.290
  • - Dave: As I mentioned
  • 00:16:30.290 --> 00:16:31.200
  • previously, the crowds who were
  • 00:16:31.200 --> 00:16:33.070
  • following Jesus kept growing.
  • 00:16:33.070 --> 00:16:35.200
  • At one point, Jesus was getting
  • 00:16:35.200 --> 00:16:37.110
  • out of a boat and was greeted
  • 00:16:37.110 --> 00:16:38.180
  • by over 5.000 men.
  • 00:16:38.180 --> 00:16:41.040
  • And Matthew adds the words
  • 00:16:41.040 --> 00:16:42.200
  • "besides women and children."
  • 00:16:42.200 --> 00:16:44.250
  • Many scholars estimate that
  • 00:16:44.250 --> 00:16:46.080
  • there could have been between
  • 00:16:46.080 --> 00:16:47.120
  • 15.000 and 20.000 people there
  • 00:16:47.120 --> 00:16:49.200
  • that day.
  • 00:16:49.200 --> 00:16:50.250
  • After Jesus taught them for a
  • 00:16:50.250 --> 00:16:52.020
  • while, the people started to
  • 00:16:52.020 --> 00:16:54.000
  • get hungry, and so Jesus asked
  • 00:16:54.000 --> 00:16:55.170
  • his disciples to feed them.
  • 00:16:55.250 --> 00:16:58.250
  • Hmm.
  • 00:16:58.250 --> 00:16:59.260
  • Okay, well, I guess you've got
  • 00:16:59.260 --> 00:17:01.050
  • to give them a little bit of
  • 00:17:01.050 --> 00:17:02.040
  • credit because they did find a
  • 00:17:02.040 --> 00:17:03.080
  • boy who had, quote, "Five
  • 00:17:03.080 --> 00:17:05.010
  • barley loaves and two fishes,"
  • 00:17:05.010 --> 00:17:07.200
  • so it looked like they were
  • 00:17:07.200 --> 00:17:08.290
  • probably going to be a little
  • 00:17:08.290 --> 00:17:10.170
  • bit short, or so it seemed.
  • 00:17:11.140 --> 00:17:14.140
  • "In taking the five loaves and
  • 00:17:14.140 --> 00:17:16.020
  • the two fish, he looked up to
  • 00:17:16.020 --> 00:17:18.010
  • heaven and said a blessing, and
  • 00:17:18.010 --> 00:17:19.270
  • broke the loaves and gave them
  • 00:17:19.270 --> 00:17:21.140
  • to the disciples to set before
  • 00:17:21.140 --> 00:17:23.030
  • the people.
  • 00:17:23.030 --> 00:17:24.130
  • And he divided the two fish
  • 00:17:24.130 --> 00:17:25.230
  • among them all.
  • 00:17:25.230 --> 00:17:27.040
  • And they all ate and were
  • 00:17:27.040 --> 00:17:28.160
  • satisfied.
  • 00:17:28.160 --> 00:17:30.010
  • And they took up 12 baskets
  • 00:17:30.010 --> 00:17:31.270
  • full of broken pieces, and of
  • 00:17:31.270 --> 00:17:33.260
  • the fish," Mark 6:41 through
  • 00:17:34.080 --> 00:17:37.080
  • 43.
  • 00:17:37.080 --> 00:17:38.290
  • When the miracle of the
  • 00:17:38.290 --> 00:17:39.280
  • multiplication of loaves is
  • 00:17:39.280 --> 00:17:41.200
  • told in the Gospel of John, it
  • 00:17:41.200 --> 00:17:43.170
  • is later related to the manna
  • 00:17:43.170 --> 00:17:45.270
  • in the wilderness during the
  • 00:17:45.270 --> 00:17:47.140
  • Exodus account.
  • 00:17:47.140 --> 00:17:49.010
  • People were asking Jesus, "What
  • 00:17:49.010 --> 00:17:51.090
  • sign then will you give that we
  • 00:17:51.090 --> 00:17:53.140
  • may see it and believe you?
  • 00:17:53.140 --> 00:17:55.190
  • What will you do?
  • 00:17:55.190 --> 00:17:56.270
  • Our ancestors ate the manna in
  • 00:17:56.270 --> 00:17:58.210
  • the wilderness, as it is
  • 00:17:58.210 --> 00:18:00.140
  • written, 'He gave them bread
  • 00:18:00.140 --> 00:18:02.050
  • from heaven to eat.'
  • 00:18:02.050 --> 00:18:03.280
  • Jesus said to them, 'Very truly
  • 00:18:03.280 --> 00:18:05.270
  • I tell you, it is not Moses who
  • 00:18:05.270 --> 00:18:08.010
  • has given you the bread from
  • 00:18:08.010 --> 00:18:09.000
  • heaven, but it is my Father who
  • 00:18:09.000 --> 00:18:11.010
  • gives you the true bread from
  • 00:18:11.010 --> 00:18:13.090
  • heaven.
  • 00:18:13.090 --> 00:18:13.270
  • For the bread of God is the
  • 00:18:13.270 --> 00:18:15.110
  • bread that comes down from
  • 00:18:15.110 --> 00:18:17.200
  • heaven and gives life to the
  • 00:18:17.200 --> 00:18:19.030
  • world.'
  • 00:18:19.030 --> 00:18:19.200
  • 'Sir,' they said, 'always give
  • 00:18:19.200 --> 00:18:21.020
  • Then Jesus declared, 'I am the
  • 00:18:23.030 --> 00:18:25.130
  • bread of life.
  • 00:18:25.130 --> 00:18:27.030
  • Whoever comes to me will never
  • 00:18:27.030 --> 00:18:28.200
  • go hungry, and whoever believes
  • 00:18:28.200 --> 00:18:30.280
  • in me will never be thirsty,'"
  • 00:18:30.280 --> 00:18:33.280
  • - Dave: Luke's account of this
  • 00:18:47.080 --> 00:18:48.060
  • miraculous meal places the
  • 00:18:48.060 --> 00:18:50.030
  • event somewhere near the town
  • 00:18:50.030 --> 00:18:52.030
  • of Bethsaida, a small fishing
  • 00:18:52.030 --> 00:18:54.090
  • village on the northeast coast
  • 00:18:54.090 --> 00:18:55.280
  • of the Sea of Galilee and home
  • 00:18:55.280 --> 00:18:57.290
  • to three of Jesus' disciples,
  • 00:18:57.290 --> 00:19:00.180
  • Peter, Andrew, and Philip.
  • 00:19:06.230 --> 00:19:09.230
  • Two major miracles of Jesus are
  • 00:19:09.230 --> 00:19:11.180
  • associated with Bethsaida: the
  • 00:19:11.180 --> 00:19:13.240
  • feeding of the 5.000, as I
  • 00:19:13.240 --> 00:19:15.100
  • mentioned previously, and the
  • 00:19:15.100 --> 00:19:17.020
  • healing of a blind man from the
  • 00:19:17.020 --> 00:19:18.250
  • gospel of Mark.
  • 00:19:20.200 --> 00:19:23.200
  • However, just as happened in
  • 00:19:23.200 --> 00:19:25.080
  • Capernaum and Chorazin, the
  • 00:19:25.080 --> 00:19:27.060
  • people there were not
  • 00:19:27.060 --> 00:19:28.080
  • interested in Jesus' message of
  • 00:19:28.080 --> 00:19:29.210
  • repentance.
  • 00:19:29.210 --> 00:19:31.050
  • Later in the gospels, Jesus
  • 00:19:31.050 --> 00:19:32.170
  • said, "Woe to you, Bethsaida.
  • 00:19:32.200 --> 00:19:35.200
  • For if the miracles that were
  • 00:19:35.200 --> 00:19:36.280
  • performed in you had been
  • 00:19:36.280 --> 00:19:38.160
  • performed in Tyre and Sidon,
  • 00:19:38.160 --> 00:19:41.020
  • they would have repented long
  • 00:19:41.020 --> 00:19:42.230
  • ago," Luke 10:13.
  • 00:19:43.130 --> 00:19:46.130
  • After Jesus fed the huge crowd
  • 00:19:46.130 --> 00:19:48.200
  • somewhere near Bethsaida, he
  • 00:19:48.200 --> 00:19:50.130
  • instructed his disciples to get
  • 00:19:50.130 --> 00:19:52.030
  • into a boat and go ahead of him
  • 00:19:52.030 --> 00:19:54.060
  • while he dismissed the crowd.
  • 00:19:54.060 --> 00:19:56.190
  • After this, Jesus goes up on a
  • 00:19:56.190 --> 00:19:58.100
  • hillside to pray.
  • 00:19:58.100 --> 00:20:00.110
  • "Later that night, the boat was
  • 00:20:00.110 --> 00:20:01.250
  • in the middle of the lake, and
  • 00:20:01.250 --> 00:20:03.080
  • he was alone on land.
  • 00:20:03.080 --> 00:20:05.170
  • He saw the disciples straining
  • 00:20:05.170 --> 00:20:07.120
  • at the oars because the wind
  • 00:20:07.120 --> 00:20:09.080
  • was against them.
  • 00:20:09.080 --> 00:20:11.030
  • Shortly before dawn, he went
  • 00:20:11.030 --> 00:20:12.220
  • out to them, walking on the
  • 00:20:12.220 --> 00:20:14.250
  • lake.
  • 00:20:14.250 --> 00:20:16.060
  • He was about to pass by them,
  • 00:20:16.060 --> 00:20:18.110
  • but when they saw him walking
  • 00:20:18.110 --> 00:20:19.120
  • on the lake, they thought he
  • 00:20:19.120 --> 00:20:20.230
  • was a ghost.
  • 00:20:20.230 --> 00:20:22.070
  • They cried out because they all
  • 00:20:22.070 --> 00:20:24.040
  • saw him, and were terrified.
  • 00:20:24.040 --> 00:20:26.170
  • Immediately, he spoke to them
  • 00:20:26.170 --> 00:20:27.280
  • and said, 'Take courage.
  • 00:20:27.280 --> 00:20:29.120
  • It is I.
  • 00:20:29.120 --> 00:20:31.020
  • Don't be afraid.'
  • 00:20:31.020 --> 00:20:33.020
  • Then he climbed into the boat
  • 00:20:33.020 --> 00:20:34.120
  • with them and the wind died
  • 00:20:34.120 --> 00:20:36.030
  • down," Mark 6:45 through 52.
  • 00:20:37.270 --> 00:20:40.270
  • So once again, Jesus does
  • 00:20:40.270 --> 00:20:42.120
  • something here that's mind
  • 00:20:42.120 --> 00:20:44.050
  • blowing.
  • 00:20:44.050 --> 00:20:45.090
  • He heads out across the lake on
  • 00:20:45.090 --> 00:20:47.150
  • foot.
  • 00:20:47.150 --> 00:20:48.210
  • And apparently, his plan was
  • 00:20:48.210 --> 00:20:49.290
  • just to sort of walk on by his
  • 00:20:49.290 --> 00:20:51.290
  • disciples.
  • 00:20:51.290 --> 00:20:53.070
  • Now, perhaps you've noticed in
  • 00:20:53.070 --> 00:20:54.240
  • the gospels by now that Jesus
  • 00:20:54.240 --> 00:20:56.240
  • seems to have a reason for
  • 00:20:56.240 --> 00:20:58.250
  • everything he does.
  • 00:20:58.250 --> 00:21:01.070
  • Some scholars have theorized
  • 00:21:01.070 --> 00:21:02.260
  • that this encounter on the Sea
  • 00:21:02.260 --> 00:21:04.110
  • of Galilee points back to a
  • 00:21:04.110 --> 00:21:06.200
  • particular meeting between
  • 00:21:06.200 --> 00:21:08.050
  • Moses and God in the Hebrew
  • 00:21:08.050 --> 00:21:09.290
  • Scriptures, where Moses asks
  • 00:21:09.290 --> 00:21:11.290
  • God to reveal to him his glory,
  • 00:21:12.200 --> 00:21:15.200
  • a pretty bold request.
  • 00:21:17.040 --> 00:21:20.040
  • "God told Moses, 'I myself will
  • 00:21:20.040 --> 00:21:22.220
  • make all my goodness pass
  • 00:21:22.220 --> 00:21:24.250
  • before you, and will proclaim
  • 00:21:24.250 --> 00:21:26.220
  • the name of the Lord before
  • 00:21:26.220 --> 00:21:28.140
  • you,'" Exodus 38:19.
  • 00:21:28.250 --> 00:21:31.250
  • Similarly, Jesus passed by his
  • 00:21:31.250 --> 00:21:34.140
  • disciples and proclaimed, "It
  • 00:21:34.140 --> 00:21:36.140
  • is I," which might also be
  • 00:21:36.140 --> 00:21:39.140
  • read, "I Am," a special phrase
  • 00:21:40.020 --> 00:21:43.020
  • that God used to describe
  • 00:21:43.020 --> 00:21:43.230
  • himself in the Hebrew
  • 00:21:43.230 --> 00:21:45.230
  • Scriptures, and a phrase that
  • 00:21:45.230 --> 00:21:47.080
  • Jesus utilized in reference to
  • 00:21:47.080 --> 00:21:49.030
  • himself at various times in the
  • 00:21:49.030 --> 00:21:51.060
  • gospels.
  • 00:21:51.060 --> 00:21:52.210
  • The Jews saw God's name as a
  • 00:21:52.210 --> 00:21:55.020
  • form of the Hebrew verb "to
  • 00:21:55.020 --> 00:21:57.280
  • be."
  • 00:21:57.280 --> 00:21:59.060
  • His name was a declaration that
  • 00:21:59.060 --> 00:22:00.060
  • God had absolute being.
  • 00:22:00.060 --> 00:22:02.270
  • He was the source of
  • 00:22:02.270 --> 00:22:04.220
  • everything, without beginning
  • 00:22:04.220 --> 00:22:05.100
  • and without end.
  • 00:22:05.100 --> 00:22:07.280
  • In Hebrew, God says of himself,
  • 00:22:07.280 --> 00:22:10.070
  • - Dave: When Jesus came to the
  • 00:22:25.270 --> 00:22:26.290
  • Decapolis the first time, there
  • 00:22:26.290 --> 00:22:29.010
  • was that incident involving the
  • 00:22:29.010 --> 00:22:30.140
  • demon-possessed man, and a herd
  • 00:22:30.140 --> 00:22:32.230
  • of drowned pigs, and a bunch of
  • 00:22:32.230 --> 00:22:35.140
  • frightened people, who were
  • 00:22:35.140 --> 00:22:36.270
  • begging Jesus to leave.
  • 00:22:36.270 --> 00:22:39.160
  • Now, I'm standing in the
  • 00:22:39.160 --> 00:22:40.130
  • ancient ruins of a chapel
  • 00:22:40.130 --> 00:22:41.290
  • overlooking the fifth-century
  • 00:22:41.290 --> 00:22:43.220
  • monastery built here at Kursi,
  • 00:22:43.220 --> 00:22:46.130
  • where many people believed that
  • 00:22:46.130 --> 00:22:47.240
  • miracle took place here on the
  • 00:22:47.240 --> 00:22:49.090
  • eastern coast of the Sea of
  • 00:22:49.090 --> 00:22:50.250
  • Galilee.
  • 00:22:50.250 --> 00:22:51.260
  • Now you may recall the words
  • 00:22:51.260 --> 00:22:53.060
  • that Jesus said to the man who
  • 00:22:53.060 --> 00:22:54.220
  • had been freed from the demon.
  • 00:22:54.220 --> 00:22:57.140
  • As Jesus was getting into the
  • 00:22:57.140 --> 00:22:58.200
  • boat, the man who had been
  • 00:22:58.200 --> 00:23:00.130
  • possessed by a demon begged to
  • 00:23:00.130 --> 00:23:01.270
  • go with him.
  • 00:23:01.270 --> 00:23:03.080
  • Jesus did not let him, but told
  • 00:23:03.080 --> 00:23:04.200
  • them to go home to his own
  • 00:23:04.200 --> 00:23:06.010
  • people and to share all that
  • 00:23:06.010 --> 00:23:08.000
  • the Lord had done for him, and
  • 00:23:08.000 --> 00:23:10.110
  • to say how much mercy the Lord
  • 00:23:10.110 --> 00:23:11.290
  • had shown him.
  • 00:23:11.290 --> 00:23:13.150
  • So, the man went away and began
  • 00:23:13.150 --> 00:23:14.210
  • to tell in the Decapolis all
  • 00:23:14.210 --> 00:23:16.250
  • that Jesus had done for him,
  • 00:23:16.250 --> 00:23:18.000
  • and all the people were amazed.
  • 00:23:18.000 --> 00:23:20.230
  • So, by the time Jesus arrived
  • 00:23:20.230 --> 00:23:21.240
  • here a second time, apparently
  • 00:23:21.240 --> 00:23:24.100
  • the people in the Decapolis
  • 00:23:24.100 --> 00:23:25.150
  • region couldn't get enough of
  • 00:23:25.150 --> 00:23:26.280
  • him.
  • 00:23:26.280 --> 00:23:28.000
  • And so, he was received with a
  • 00:23:28.000 --> 00:23:29.070
  • huge reception.
  • 00:23:29.070 --> 00:23:31.030
  • And so, Jesus was once again
  • 00:23:31.030 --> 00:23:32.170
  • faced with a very large crowd,
  • 00:23:32.200 --> 00:23:35.200
  • this time who had been
  • 00:23:35.200 --> 00:23:36.270
  • listening to him for 3 days,
  • 00:23:36.270 --> 00:23:38.150
  • and they were very hungry.
  • 00:23:39.010 --> 00:23:42.010
  • "'How many loaves do you have?'
  • 00:23:42.010 --> 00:23:43.180
  • Jesus asked.
  • 00:23:43.180 --> 00:23:45.000
  • 'Seven,' they replied.
  • 00:23:45.000 --> 00:23:46.290
  • He told the crowd to sit down
  • 00:23:46.290 --> 00:23:48.080
  • on the ground.
  • 00:23:48.080 --> 00:23:49.160
  • When he had taken the seven
  • 00:23:49.160 --> 00:23:50.190
  • loaves and given thanks, he
  • 00:23:50.190 --> 00:23:52.050
  • broke them and gave them to his
  • 00:23:52.050 --> 00:23:53.180
  • disciples to distribute to the
  • 00:23:53.180 --> 00:23:55.040
  • people.
  • 00:23:55.040 --> 00:23:56.050
  • And they did so.
  • 00:23:56.050 --> 00:23:57.170
  • They had a few small fish as
  • 00:23:57.170 --> 00:23:58.180
  • well.
  • 00:23:58.180 --> 00:23:59.290
  • He gave thanks for them also,
  • 00:23:59.290 --> 00:24:01.060
  • and told the disciples to
  • 00:24:01.060 --> 00:24:02.290
  • distribute them.
  • 00:24:02.290 --> 00:24:04.100
  • The people ate and were
  • 00:24:04.100 --> 00:24:05.150
  • satisfied.
  • 00:24:05.150 --> 00:24:07.010
  • Afterward, the disciples picked
  • 00:24:07.010 --> 00:24:08.070
  • up seven basketfuls of broken
  • 00:24:08.070 --> 00:24:10.170
  • pieces that were left over.
  • 00:24:10.170 --> 00:24:12.270
  • About 4.000 were present," Mark
  • 00:24:12.270 --> 00:24:15.200
  • 8:1 through 9.
  • 00:24:15.200 --> 00:24:17.280
  • So, we've seen 2 similar
  • 00:24:17.280 --> 00:24:19.190
  • stories, the miraculous feeding
  • 00:24:19.190 --> 00:24:22.000
  • of the 5.000 Jews, and the
  • 00:24:22.000 --> 00:24:24.060
  • 4.000 Gentiles.
  • 00:24:24.060 --> 00:24:26.090
  • Well, the numbers are key to
  • 00:24:26.090 --> 00:24:28.090
  • understanding the significance
  • 00:24:28.090 --> 00:24:29.280
  • of these two miracles.
  • 00:24:29.280 --> 00:24:32.130
  • But it appears that the
  • 00:24:32.130 --> 00:24:33.050
  • disciples weren't quite getting
  • 00:24:33.050 --> 00:24:34.280
  • it.
  • 00:24:34.280 --> 00:24:36.050
  • This is what Jesus said to
  • 00:24:36.050 --> 00:24:37.120
  • them.
  • 00:24:37.120 --> 00:24:39.180
  • "'Do you still not see or
  • 00:24:39.180 --> 00:24:40.140
  • understand?
  • 00:24:40.140 --> 00:24:42.060
  • Are your hearts hardened?
  • 00:24:42.060 --> 00:24:43.270
  • Do you have eyes but fail to
  • 00:24:43.270 --> 00:24:45.080
  • see, and ears but fail to hear?
  • 00:24:45.080 --> 00:24:46.260
  • And don't you remember when I
  • 00:24:47.060 --> 00:24:50.060
  • broke the five loaves for the
  • 00:24:50.060 --> 00:24:52.020
  • 5.000?
  • 00:24:52.020 --> 00:24:53.020
  • How many basketfuls of pieces
  • 00:24:53.020 --> 00:24:54.200
  • did you pick up?'
  • 00:24:54.200 --> 00:24:56.030
  • 'Twelve,' they replied.
  • 00:24:56.030 --> 00:24:57.250
  • 'And when I broke the seven
  • 00:24:57.250 --> 00:24:58.270
  • loaves for the 4.000?
  • 00:24:58.270 --> 00:25:00.270
  • How many basketfuls of pieces
  • 00:25:00.270 --> 00:25:03.000
  • did you pick up?'
  • 00:25:03.000 --> 00:25:05.120
  • They answered, 'Seven.'
  • 00:25:05.120 --> 00:25:05.280
  • He said to them, 'Do you still
  • 00:25:05.280 --> 00:25:07.070
  • not understand?'"
  • 00:25:07.140 --> 00:25:10.140
  • Mark 8:14 through 21.
  • 00:25:10.140 --> 00:25:13.040
  • Jesus urged his disciples to
  • 00:25:13.040 --> 00:25:15.090
  • reflect on the two miracles,
  • 00:25:15.090 --> 00:25:18.040
  • giving special attention to the
  • 00:25:18.040 --> 00:25:19.240
  • number of baskets collected.
  • 00:25:19.240 --> 00:25:22.150
  • In the feeding of the 5.000,
  • 00:25:22.150 --> 00:25:24.100
  • Jesus provided bread for Jews
  • 00:25:24.100 --> 00:25:26.190
  • in Galilee.
  • 00:25:26.190 --> 00:25:28.110
  • The number 12 had long been
  • 00:25:28.110 --> 00:25:29.180
  • identified with the nation of
  • 00:25:29.180 --> 00:25:30.260
  • Israel because of the 12 tribes
  • 00:25:30.260 --> 00:25:32.210
  • of Israel.
  • 00:25:32.210 --> 00:25:34.120
  • So the 12 baskets affirmed that
  • 00:25:34.120 --> 00:25:36.000
  • Jesus came for the Jews.
  • 00:25:36.020 --> 00:25:39.020
  • At the feeding of the 4.000,
  • 00:25:39.020 --> 00:25:40.140
  • Jesus provided bread for
  • 00:25:40.140 --> 00:25:42.170
  • Gentiles here in the Decapolis.
  • 00:25:42.170 --> 00:25:45.100
  • Now, the number seven had long
  • 00:25:45.100 --> 00:25:46.210
  • been associated with the
  • 00:25:46.210 --> 00:25:47.220
  • Gentiles because of the seven
  • 00:25:47.220 --> 00:25:49.030
  • pagan nations that lived in the
  • 00:25:49.030 --> 00:25:51.070
  • Promised Land prior to the
  • 00:25:51.070 --> 00:25:52.250
  • Israelites' arrival.
  • 00:25:52.250 --> 00:25:54.220
  • So the seven baskets affirm
  • 00:25:54.220 --> 00:25:56.160
  • that Jesus not only came for
  • 00:25:56.160 --> 00:25:57.220
  • Israel, but for all mankind as
  • 00:25:57.220 --> 00:25:59.160
  • well.
  • 00:25:59.160 --> 00:26:00.250
  • Also, the number seven in the
  • 00:26:00.250 --> 00:26:01.290
  • Bible represented the idea of
  • 00:26:01.290 --> 00:26:03.130
  • completion.
  • 00:26:03.130 --> 00:26:05.240
  • So, Jesus was saying that the
  • 00:26:05.240 --> 00:26:06.290
  • gospel, meaning the good news,
  • 00:26:06.290 --> 00:26:09.260
  • was intended for all mankind.
  • 00:26:09.260 --> 00:26:12.130
  • The completion of God's plan
  • 00:26:12.130 --> 00:26:15.080
  • [music]
  • 00:27:24.250 --> 00:27:27.270