Mike Riddle | Dating Earth's Rocks & Fossils | TBN

Mike Riddle | Dating Earth's Rocks & Fossils

Watch Mike Riddle | Dating Earth's Rocks & Fossils
September 28, 2019
27:11

Creation in the 21st Century with David Rives

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Mike Riddle | Dating Earth's Rocks & Fossils

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  • - COMING UP ON CREATION IN THE 21ST CENTURY.
  • 00:00:01.160 --> 00:00:03.240
  • - THE TEXTBOOKS DON'T TELL US THIS.
  • 00:00:03.260 --> 00:00:05.110
  • THEY TELL US THEY GIVE AN ABSOLUTE AGE AND DON'T
  • 00:00:05.130 --> 00:00:07.180
  • TEACH OUR STUDENT THE REAL METHOD BEHIND THE
  • 00:00:07.200 --> 00:00:09.230
  • DATING METHODS.
  • 00:00:09.250 --> 00:00:11.140
  • WHAT DO THEY REALLY MEASURE?
  • 00:00:11.160 --> 00:00:13.140
  • ARE THERE ANY ASSUMPTIONS INVOLVED IN THESE
  • 00:00:13.160 --> 00:00:15.110
  • DATING METHODS?
  • 00:00:15.130 --> 00:00:16.190
  • HOW ACCURATE ARE THEY?
  • 00:00:16.210 --> 00:00:18.060
  • CARBON 14 DATING WAS BASED ON AN ASSUMPTION
  • 00:00:18.080 --> 00:00:20.220
  • WHICH HAS NOW BEEN PROVEN FALSE.
  • 00:00:20.240 --> 00:00:22.220
  • ONE OF THE ADVANTAGES WE HAVE IS WE HAVE
  • 00:00:22.240 --> 00:00:24.110
  • OBSERVABLE SCIENCE AND THE BIBLE ON OUR SIDE.
  • 00:00:24.130 --> 00:00:27.260
  • WHAT'S NOT OBSERVABLE IS THESE MILLIONS OF YEARS.
  • 00:00:27.280 --> 00:00:30.130
  • THEY ARE ALL BASED ON ASSUMPTIONS.
  • 00:00:30.150 --> 00:00:32.140
  • [MUSIC]
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  • [MUSIC]
  • 00:00:45.280 --> 00:00:58.280
  • [MUSIC]
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  • [MUSIC]
  • 00:01:10.050 --> 00:01:17.220
  • - DAVID RIVES: WELCOME TO CREATION IN THE 21ST CENTURY
  • 00:01:17.240 --> 00:01:20.250
  • WHERE SCIENTIFIC DISCOVERY CONNECTS WITH
  • 00:01:20.270 --> 00:01:22.150
  • YOUR CHRISTIAN LIFE.
  • 00:01:22.170 --> 00:01:23.250
  • I'M YOUR HOST, DAVID RIVES.
  • 00:01:23.270 --> 00:01:25.210
  • MY JOURNEY INTO OUR ORIGINS, OUR BEGINNINGS
  • 00:01:25.230 --> 00:01:28.260
  • HAS TAKEN ME AROUND THE WORLD AND CONSISTENTLY
  • 00:01:28.280 --> 00:01:31.040
  • POINTED BACK TO ONE THING, THAT'S GOD'S WORD.
  • 00:01:31.060 --> 00:01:33.160
  • YOU KNOW, IF WE TRUST THAT GOD'S WORD IS TRUE,
  • 00:01:33.180 --> 00:01:36.000
  • THAT MEANS THAT YOU ARE NOT 14 BILLION YEAR OLD
  • 00:01:36.020 --> 00:01:39.060
  • STARDUST BUT INSTEAD OUR BRAINS AND BODIES ARE ONE
  • 00:01:39.080 --> 00:01:42.290
  • OF THE MOST COMPLEX AMAZING DESIGNS EVER
  • 00:01:43.010 --> 00:01:45.210
  • CREATED, CREATED BY GOD IN THE BEGINNING.
  • 00:01:45.230 --> 00:01:49.110
  • YOU KNOW, THE ANSWERS TO SOME OF THE LIFE'S MOST
  • 00:01:49.130 --> 00:01:51.050
  • DIFFICULT QUESTIONS POINT US BACK TO CREATION.
  • 00:01:51.070 --> 00:01:53.240
  • WELL, ON CREATION IN THE 21ST CENTURY WE TACKLE
  • 00:01:53.260 --> 00:01:56.050
  • THOSE QUESTIONS EVERY WEEK.
  • 00:01:56.070 --> 00:01:57.250
  • TODAY WE WANT TO TACKLE ROCKS AND FOSSILS, THE
  • 00:01:57.270 --> 00:02:01.180
  • DATING METHODS INVOLVED, AND HOW WE OFTEN GET
  • 00:02:01.200 --> 00:02:04.100
  • DATES WRONG.
  • 00:02:04.120 --> 00:02:05.190
  • YOU KNOW, SECULAR SCIENTISTS LOOKED AT THE
  • 00:02:05.210 --> 00:02:08.080
  • DEVASTATION AFTER MOUNT SAINT HELEN'S ERUPTED IN
  • 00:02:08.100 --> 00:02:11.190
  • 1980 AND THEY SAID, WELL, IT WILL BE HUNDREDS OF YEARS,
  • 00:02:11.210 --> 00:02:16.000
  • WHO KNOWS HOW LONG IT WILL BE BEFORE ANYTHING
  • 00:02:16.020 --> 00:02:18.270
  • GROWS IN THIS AREA AGAIN.
  • 00:02:18.290 --> 00:02:21.040
  • BUT THEY WERE TO BE SURPRISED.
  • 00:02:21.060 --> 00:02:23.230
  • LET'S TAKE A LOOK WITH THIS WEEK'S HEAVEN'S DECLARED.
  • 00:02:23.250 --> 00:02:26.000
  • I AM STANDING AT THE BEAUTIFUL MOUNT SAINT
  • 00:02:26.020 --> 00:02:29.260
  • HELEN'S NATIONAL VOLCANIC MONUMENT IN WASHINGTON STATE.
  • 00:02:29.280 --> 00:02:33.000
  • THIS AREA IS GORGEOUS.
  • 00:02:33.020 --> 00:02:35.240
  • IT'S FILLED WITH WILDLIFE AND ABUNDANT PLANT GROWTH.
  • 00:02:35.260 --> 00:02:38.290
  • IT'S KIND OF HARD TO IMAGINE THAT JUST ABOUT
  • 00:02:39.010 --> 00:02:41.030
  • 40 YEARS AGO A MASSIVE VOLCANIC ERUPTION
  • 00:02:41.050 --> 00:02:44.030
  • STRIPPED THE MOUNTAINSIDE BARE KILLING ALL THE
  • 00:02:44.050 --> 00:02:47.180
  • ANIMALS AND COMPLETELY DESTROYING THE FOREST.
  • 00:02:47.200 --> 00:02:50.070
  • ONE REGION CALLED PUMICE PLAIN WAS BURIED UNDER
  • 00:02:50.090 --> 00:02:53.190
  • SIX FEET OF STERILE ROCK AND VOLCANIC ASH AND DUST
  • 00:02:53.210 --> 00:02:56.220
  • CALLED PUMICE.
  • 00:02:56.240 --> 00:02:58.160
  • NOW, SCIENTISTS ASSUMED THAT NOTHING COULD GROW
  • 00:02:58.180 --> 00:03:01.240
  • OR LIVE IN SUCH NUTRIENT- POOR SOIL, SO THEY
  • 00:03:01.260 --> 00:03:04.050
  • ASSUMED THAT RECOVERY SHOULD TAKE A REALLY
  • 00:03:04.070 --> 00:03:07.120
  • REALLY LONG TIME.
  • 00:03:07.140 --> 00:03:08.240
  • ONLY IT DIDN'T.
  • 00:03:08.260 --> 00:03:10.130
  • YOU SEE, FLOWERING PLANTS CALLED LUPINES WERE SOON
  • 00:03:10.150 --> 00:03:14.160
  • GROWING IN THE SOIL.
  • 00:03:14.180 --> 00:03:16.130
  • UNLIKE MOST PLANTS THIS ONE LIVES CLOSELY WITH A
  • 00:03:16.150 --> 00:03:18.260
  • BACTERIA THAT HARVESTS NITROGEN OUT OF THE AIR
  • 00:03:18.280 --> 00:03:21.240
  • INSTEAD OF THE SOIL SO THESE PLANTS CAN GROW IN
  • 00:03:21.260 --> 00:03:24.210
  • THE SO-CALLED USELESS SOIL AND THEIR NUTRITIOUS
  • 00:03:24.230 --> 00:03:28.060
  • SEEDS SERVED AS FOOD FOR THE HUMBLE POCKET GOPHER.
  • 00:03:28.080 --> 00:03:31.230
  • NOW THESE TINY MAMMALS SOON MOVED IN TO EAT THE
  • 00:03:31.250 --> 00:03:36.020
  • LUPINE AND IN THE PROCESS THEY STARTED TO STIR UP
  • 00:03:36.040 --> 00:03:39.040
  • THE SOIL SO SOON NEW PLANT IS AND ANIMALS
  • 00:03:39.060 --> 00:03:42.050
  • COULD MOVE IN.
  • 00:03:42.070 --> 00:03:43.130
  • NOW, WITHIN ABOUT A DECADE MOUNT SAINT HELENS
  • 00:03:43.150 --> 00:03:46.200
  • WAS ONCE AGAIN A THRIVING ECO SYSTEM.
  • 00:03:46.220 --> 00:03:50.190
  • NO ECOLOGIST IMAGINED THAT LIFE COULD REGAIN
  • 00:03:50.210 --> 00:03:53.060
  • THE AREA SO QUICKLY AFTER SUCH INCREDIBLE
  • 00:03:53.080 --> 00:03:55.200
  • DEVASTATION, BUT IT DID.
  • 00:03:55.220 --> 00:03:58.120
  • AND NOW ONLY YEARS LATER AFTER THE
  • 00:03:58.140 --> 00:04:02.120
  • INITIAL ERUPTION YOU'D NEVER IMAGINE THIS PLACE
  • 00:04:02.140 --> 00:04:05.030
  • WAS DESOLATE JUST A FEW DECADES AGO.
  • 00:04:05.050 --> 00:04:07.040
  • IT SEEMS THAT GOD HAS SPECIFICALLY DESIGNED
  • 00:04:07.060 --> 00:04:09.070
  • LIFE TO BE ABLE TO REGAIN ITS FOOTING EVEN AFTER
  • 00:04:09.090 --> 00:04:11.110
  • A CATASTROPHE.
  • 00:04:11.130 --> 00:04:13.260
  • YOU SEE, AFTER THE FLOOD, PLANTS AND ANIMALS WOULD
  • 00:04:13.280 --> 00:04:17.080
  • HAVE QUICKLY RECOLONIZED AND THEY WOULD HAVE
  • 00:04:17.100 --> 00:04:19.170
  • TURNED THE LANDSCAPE INTO A BEAUTIFUL AND
  • 00:04:19.190 --> 00:04:21.140
  • LIVABLE WORLD.
  • 00:04:21.160 --> 00:04:22.260
  • AND THIS WOULDN'T HAVE TAKEN MANY MANY DECADES.
  • 00:04:22.280 --> 00:04:26.010
  • MOUNT SAINT HELENS POWERFULLY ILLUSTRATED
  • 00:04:26.030 --> 00:04:29.060
  • JUST HOW QUICKLY AN ECOSYSTEM
  • 00:04:29.080 --> 00:04:31.130
  • CAN RECOVER.
  • 00:04:31.150 --> 00:04:32.280
  • I'M DAVID RIVES.
  • 00:04:33.000 --> 00:04:34.150
  • TRULY THE HEAVEN'S DECLARE THE GLORY OF GOD.
  • 00:04:34.170 --> 00:04:37.250
  • [MUSIC]
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  • - I HAVE WITH ME TODAY A CAPTAIN IN THE MARINE
  • 00:04:40.270 --> 00:04:43.060
  • CORPS AND EXPERT IN TRAINING PEOPLE FOR SUCCESS.
  • 00:04:43.080 --> 00:04:46.050
  • HE'S DEVELOPED WORKSHOPS ON APOLOGETICS TRAINING
  • 00:04:46.070 --> 00:04:48.160
  • AND HAS BEEN ACTIVELY INVOLVED IN MINISTRY FOR
  • 00:04:48.180 --> 00:04:50.170
  • OVER 35 YEARS.
  • 00:04:50.190 --> 00:04:52.020
  • HE'S A NATIONAL TRACK AND FIELD CHAMPION AND THE
  • 00:04:52.040 --> 00:04:54.050
  • PRESIDENT OF CREATION TRAINING INITIATIVE SO IF
  • 00:04:54.070 --> 00:04:56.220
  • YOU WOULD JOIN WITH ME AS WE WELCOME MIKE RIDDLE.
  • 00:04:56.240 --> 00:04:59.140
  • WELCOME TO THE PROGRAM.
  • 00:04:59.160 --> 00:05:01.000
  • - DAVID RIDDLE: THANK YOU, DAVID.
  • 00:05:01.020 --> 00:05:02.000
  • I HEAR WE HAVE AN INTERESTING TOPIC
  • 00:05:02.020 --> 00:05:03.190
  • CALLED DATING.
  • 00:05:03.210 --> 00:05:04.230
  • IS THIS BOY, GIRL OR ROCKS AND FOSSILS?
  • 00:05:04.250 --> 00:05:07.230
  • - THESE DAYS YOU NEVER CAN TELL.
  • 00:05:07.250 --> 00:05:09.010
  • NO, NO, NO.
  • 00:05:09.030 --> 00:05:10.200
  • WE WANT TO DATE THE EARTH BUT NOT LIKE THAT SOUNDS.
  • 00:05:10.220 --> 00:05:14.250
  • WE WANT TO ACTUALLY LOOK AT THE AGE OF THE EARTH
  • 00:05:14.270 --> 00:05:19.000
  • AND METHODS THAT WE CAN USE TO DETERMINE THEM
  • 00:05:19.020 --> 00:05:22.110
  • BECAUSE WHEN I LOOK IN AN EARTH SCIENCE'S TEXTBOOK,
  • 00:05:22.130 --> 00:05:27.070
  • I HEAR THE EARTH SUPPOSEDLY CAME ABOUT
  • 00:05:27.090 --> 00:05:29.270
  • MAYBE 4.5 BILLION YEARS AGO AS A RESULT OF RANDOM
  • 00:05:29.290 --> 00:05:33.270
  • PROCESSES THAT WERE HAPPENING IN AN EXPANDING
  • 00:05:33.290 --> 00:05:37.190
  • UNIVERSE AFTER A BIG BANG 14 BILLION YEARS AGO.
  • 00:05:37.210 --> 00:05:40.290
  • IN OTHER WORDS, EVERYTHING IS
  • 00:05:41.010 --> 00:05:42.120
  • COMPLETELY RANDOM.
  • 00:05:42.140 --> 00:05:43.190
  • AND YET I READ IN MY BIBLE THAT GOD CREATED IN
  • 00:05:43.210 --> 00:05:46.270
  • THE BEGINNING.
  • 00:05:46.290 --> 00:05:48.130
  • NOW, NOT ONLY DO THOSE 2 VIEWS CONTRAST SO THERE'S
  • 00:05:48.150 --> 00:05:51.040
  • REALLY NO WAY TO FIT THE BIG BANG INTO THE BIBLE,
  • 00:05:51.060 --> 00:05:54.170
  • BUT AT THE SAME TIME THE CHRONOLOGIES
  • 00:05:54.190 --> 00:05:57.290
  • CONTRAST AS WELL.
  • 00:05:58.010 --> 00:05:59.200
  • THE DATES DON'T SEEM TO MATCH UP.
  • 00:05:59.220 --> 00:06:01.170
  • - THAT'S TRUE.
  • 00:06:01.190 --> 00:06:03.090
  • THE EVOLUTIONIST USE THESE DATING METHODS, AND
  • 00:06:03.110 --> 00:06:06.180
  • IN THE TEXTBOOKS THEY'LL ACTUALLY COME OUT AND SAY
  • 00:06:06.200 --> 00:06:08.210
  • THEY GIVE ABSOLUTE AGES.
  • 00:06:08.230 --> 00:06:11.050
  • - OKAY.
  • 00:06:11.070 --> 00:06:12.120
  • - AND IT ALWAYS IN TERMS OF BILLIONS OF YEARS, AND
  • 00:06:12.140 --> 00:06:16.020
  • YOU BROUGHT UP THE POINT DOES THAT AGREE WITH WHAT
  • 00:06:16.040 --> 00:06:18.170
  • THE BIBLE TEACHES AND THE ANSWER IS NO, THE BIBLE
  • 00:06:18.190 --> 00:06:21.190
  • TEACHES THAT GOD CREATED EVERYTHING IN SIX LITERAL
  • 00:06:21.210 --> 00:06:23.280
  • DAYS, ABOUT 6.000 YEARS AGO.
  • 00:06:24.000 --> 00:06:26.170
  • WE HAVE TO USE THE WORD ABOUT.
  • 00:06:26.190 --> 00:06:28.000
  • ABOUT SIX THOUSAND, SOMEWHERE IN THERE.
  • 00:06:28.020 --> 00:06:30.010
  • AND BUT IT DOES SAY IN THERE EACH OF THOSE DAYS
  • 00:06:30.030 --> 00:06:31.290
  • WAS A LITERAL DAY.
  • 00:06:32.010 --> 00:06:33.170
  • - OKAY.
  • 00:06:33.190 --> 00:06:34.290
  • - AND THAT GOES COMPLETELY AGAINST WHAT
  • 00:06:35.010 --> 00:06:36.190
  • WE CALL THE MAJORITY OUT THERE UNFORTUNATELY,
  • 00:06:36.210 --> 00:06:40.150
  • INCLUDED IN THAT MAJORITY ARE MANY CHRISTIAN
  • 00:06:40.170 --> 00:06:42.130
  • LEADERS TODAY.
  • 00:06:42.150 --> 00:06:43.230
  • - YOU KNOW, I HAD GUEST ON HERE NOT TOO LONG AGO
  • 00:06:43.250 --> 00:06:45.240
  • WHO POINTED OUT THAT 150 YEARS AGO THE MAJORITY
  • 00:06:45.260 --> 00:06:50.020
  • WOULD HAVE LAUGHED AT CHARLES DARWIN AND HIS
  • 00:06:50.040 --> 00:06:53.030
  • THEORIES OF EVOLUTION, AND YET CHARLES DARWIN
  • 00:06:53.050 --> 00:06:57.110
  • WAS ABLE TO IMPACT SOCIETY IN SUCH A
  • 00:06:57.130 --> 00:07:00.130
  • POWERFUL WAY THAT NOW THE MAJORITY WILL LAUGH AT
  • 00:07:00.150 --> 00:07:04.180
  • BIBLE BELIEVERS FOR SAYING THAT CHARLES
  • 00:07:04.200 --> 00:07:07.010
  • DARWIN IS RIDICULOUS.
  • 00:07:07.030 --> 00:07:08.090
  • IN OTHER WORDS, MAJORITY DOESN'T MAKE IT RIGHT.
  • 00:07:08.110 --> 00:07:10.160
  • IT'S JUST THE MAJORITY.
  • 00:07:10.180 --> 00:07:11.250
  • - THAT'S RIGHT.
  • 00:07:11.270 --> 00:07:13.100
  • AND PART OF THEIR STRATEGY WAS INFILTRATE
  • 00:07:13.120 --> 00:07:14.250
  • THE EDUCATION SYSTEM.
  • 00:07:14.270 --> 00:07:16.060
  • - WHICH THEY'VE DONE QUITE A TREMENDOUS JOB AT.
  • 00:07:16.080 --> 00:07:18.110
  • - THEY'VE DONE A VERY GOOD JOB INCLUDING MUCH
  • 00:07:18.130 --> 00:07:21.010
  • OF THE CHRISTIAN EDUCATION SYSTEM.
  • 00:07:21.030 --> 00:07:22.130
  • - OKAY, SO WHAT DO WE NEED TO KNOW IN BULLET POINTS
  • 00:07:22.150 --> 00:07:26.110
  • ABOUT DATING METHODS AND THINGS WE SHOULD BE AWARE
  • 00:07:26.130 --> 00:07:31.090
  • OF WHEN WE ENCOUNTER THESE THINGS?
  • 00:07:31.110 --> 00:07:33.130
  • - THERE'S 4 THINGS WE REALLY NEED TO KNOW HERE
  • 00:07:33.150 --> 00:07:35.090
  • AND WE NEED TO GET OUR TEACHERS ON BOARD
  • 00:07:35.110 --> 00:07:37.000
  • WITH THIS, TOO.
  • 00:07:37.020 --> 00:07:38.100
  • NUMBER 1, WHAT DO THEY REALLY MEASURE?
  • 00:07:38.120 --> 00:07:41.050
  • THAT'S AN INTERESTING ONE.
  • 00:07:41.070 --> 00:07:42.190
  • - OKAY.
  • 00:07:42.210 --> 00:07:43.260
  • - NUMBER 2, ARE THERE ANY ASSUMPTIONS INVOLVED
  • 00:07:43.280 --> 00:07:45.150
  • IN THESE DATING METHODS.
  • 00:07:45.170 --> 00:07:47.030
  • NUMBER 3, HOW ACCURATE ARE THEY?
  • 00:07:47.050 --> 00:07:49.180
  • NUMBER 4, DO ALL METHODS GIVE AN OLD EARTH?
  • 00:07:49.200 --> 00:07:53.020
  • - OKAY.
  • 00:07:53.040 --> 00:07:54.010
  • - THOSE ARE 4 THINGS.
  • 00:07:54.030 --> 00:07:55.110
  • - AND I THINK REALLY AN IMPORTANT ONE, WHAT ARE
  • 00:07:55.130 --> 00:07:57.040
  • THEY MEASURING?
  • 00:07:57.060 --> 00:07:58.110
  • RIGHT.
  • 00:07:58.130 --> 00:07:59.200
  • SO DO WE TAKE A FOSSIL, LET'S JUST SAY A DINOSAUR
  • 00:07:59.220 --> 00:08:03.060
  • BONE, DO WE STICK IT IN A MACHINE AND IT GOES TO
  • 00:08:03.080 --> 00:08:08.100
  • BEEPING AND THEN A FEW MINUTES LATER BOOM!
  • 00:08:08.120 --> 00:08:10.120
  • IT SPITS OUT A LITTLE THING SAYING THIS FOSSIL
  • 00:08:10.140 --> 00:08:12.230
  • IS 75 MILLION YEARS OLD.
  • 00:08:12.250 --> 00:08:16.160
  • IS THAT WHAT WAS HAPPENING?
  • 00:08:16.180 --> 00:08:18.010
  • AND WHAT ARE THEY MEASURING?
  • 00:08:18.030 --> 00:08:19.190
  • GOOD QUESTION THERE, WHAT ARE THEY MEASURING?
  • 00:08:19.210 --> 00:08:21.130
  • FIRST OF ALL WE USE SOMETHING CALLED
  • 00:08:21.150 --> 00:08:22.270
  • RADIOMETRIC DATING WHICH IS REALLY RADIOACTIVE
  • 00:08:22.290 --> 00:08:25.180
  • PROCESSES GOING ON THERE.
  • 00:08:25.200 --> 00:08:27.050
  • - OKAY.
  • 00:08:27.070 --> 00:08:28.200
  • - ROCKS ARE MADE OF MINERALS AND ATOMS AND
  • 00:08:28.220 --> 00:08:30.060
  • SOME ATOMS ARE WHAT WE CALL UNSTABLE.
  • 00:08:30.080 --> 00:08:33.070
  • - OKAY.
  • 00:08:33.090 --> 00:08:34.180
  • - WHAT THAT MEANS IS OVER TIME THEY WILL
  • 00:08:34.200 --> 00:08:37.170
  • CHANGE OR WHAT WE CALL RADIOACTIVELY DECAY
  • 00:08:37.190 --> 00:08:40.220
  • EVENTUALLY INTO A STABLE ATOM.
  • 00:08:40.240 --> 00:08:43.040
  • - OKAY.
  • 00:08:43.060 --> 00:08:44.100
  • - SO AN UNSTABLE ATOM IS ONE THAT WILL CHANGE
  • 00:08:44.120 --> 00:08:47.020
  • OVER TIME.
  • 00:08:47.040 --> 00:08:48.190
  • AND WHAT WE'RE MEASURING, WHAT WE'RE SUPPOSEDLY
  • 00:08:48.210 --> 00:08:50.250
  • MEASURING IS THIS CHANGE.
  • 00:08:50.270 --> 00:08:52.050
  • NOW, WHAT IS REALLY HAPPENING HERE?
  • 00:08:52.070 --> 00:08:54.060
  • WE'RE NOT MEASURING IN AGE.
  • 00:08:54.080 --> 00:08:55.180
  • AGE IS REALLY NOT MEASURED.
  • 00:08:55.200 --> 00:08:57.180
  • WHAT WE'RE MEASURING IS A RATIO OF ATOMS THAT ARE
  • 00:08:57.200 --> 00:09:01.130
  • IN THERE.
  • 00:09:01.150 --> 00:09:02.190
  • FOR EXAMPLE, WE SAY SOME ATOMS ARE UNSTABLE.
  • 00:09:02.210 --> 00:09:03.160
  • SOME ARE NOT.
  • 00:09:03.180 --> 00:09:06.160
  • IN OTHER WORDS, EXAMPLE, OVER TIME URANIUM WILL
  • 00:09:06.180 --> 00:09:10.080
  • CHANGE OR DECAY INTO LEAD OR OVER TIME CARBON 14
  • 00:09:10.100 --> 00:09:15.280
  • WILL CHANGE INTO NITROGEN 14.
  • 00:09:16.000 --> 00:09:18.050
  • - OKAY.
  • 00:09:18.070 --> 00:09:19.100
  • - WHERE IT STAYS.
  • 00:09:19.120 --> 00:09:20.200
  • SO THE FIRST ELEMENT WHERE WE START IS CALLED
  • 00:09:20.220 --> 00:09:23.170
  • THE PARENT.
  • 00:09:23.190 --> 00:09:25.000
  • THE ENDING ELEMENT IS CALL THE DAUGHTER SO WE
  • 00:09:25.020 --> 00:09:26.240
  • CAN USE NAMES LIKE THAT, PARENT, DAUGHTER, VERSUS
  • 00:09:26.260 --> 00:09:29.020
  • ALL THESE NAMES LIKE URANIUM, LEAD, POTASSIUM,
  • 00:09:29.040 --> 00:09:31.180
  • ARGON, RUBIDIUM, STRONTIUM.
  • 00:09:31.200 --> 00:09:32.290
  • I JUST SAID THOSE TO SOUND INTELLIGENT.
  • 00:09:33.010 --> 00:09:35.100
  • - YOU DID.
  • 00:09:35.120 --> 00:09:36.050
  • MY GOODNESS.
  • 00:09:36.070 --> 00:09:37.150
  • - WE'RE JUST GOING TO STICK TO PARENT, DAUGHTER.
  • 00:09:37.170 --> 00:09:39.230
  • - THAT'S EASIER.
  • 00:09:39.250 --> 00:09:40.250
  • - THE PARENT WILL CHANGE INTO THE
  • 00:09:40.270 --> 00:09:41.200
  • DAUGHTER ELEMENT.
  • 00:09:41.220 --> 00:09:42.150
  • - OKAY.
  • 00:09:42.170 --> 00:09:43.210
  • - AND WHAT WE DO WE MEASURE THE RATIO OF
  • 00:09:43.230 --> 00:09:45.000
  • THESE ELEMENTS AND THEN WE ATTACH AN AGE TO THAT.
  • 00:09:45.020 --> 00:09:48.140
  • - OKAY.
  • 00:09:48.160 --> 00:09:49.250
  • - BASED ON OUR BELIEF SYSTEM.
  • 00:09:49.270 --> 00:09:51.010
  • - SO WE CAN TAKE A SAMPLE AND LOOK AT HOW
  • 00:09:51.030 --> 00:09:54.040
  • MUCH POTASSIUM IT HAS IN IT AND HOW MUCH ARGON IT
  • 00:09:54.060 --> 00:09:56.120
  • HAS IN IT AND THEN TRY TO FIGURE OUT BASED ON THE
  • 00:09:56.140 --> 00:09:59.210
  • WAY THESE ELEMENTS DECAY HOW MUCH TIME HAS
  • 00:09:59.230 --> 00:10:04.040
  • PASSED TO GET THE MEASUREMENT WE JUST GOT.
  • 00:10:04.060 --> 00:10:06.110
  • - RIGHT.
  • 00:10:06.130 --> 00:10:07.160
  • YOU GOT SOME KEY POINTS THERE.
  • 00:10:07.180 --> 00:10:08.240
  • THE THINGS WE HAVE TO KNOW, NUMBER ONE, WAS
  • 00:10:08.260 --> 00:10:10.200
  • THERE ANY DAUGHTER ELEMENT TO BEGIN WITH.
  • 00:10:10.220 --> 00:10:12.090
  • - OKAY.
  • 00:10:12.110 --> 00:10:13.210
  • - NUMBER 2, HOW FAST DOES THIS DECAY RATE HAPPEN?
  • 00:10:13.230 --> 00:10:16.050
  • - OKAY.
  • 00:10:16.070 --> 00:10:17.110
  • - THOSE ARE THINGS WE HAVE TO KNOW TO DO
  • 00:10:17.130 --> 00:10:20.000
  • THIS PROCESS.
  • 00:10:20.020 --> 00:10:21.050
  • - OKAY.
  • 00:10:21.070 --> 00:10:22.120
  • - BUT UNFORTUNATELY THEY ARE NOT MEASURING IN AGE.
  • 00:10:22.140 --> 00:10:24.170
  • AND HERE'S A QUOTE FROM A GENTLEMAN, DOCTOR
  • 00:10:24.190 --> 00:10:26.080
  • JONATHAN SARFATI WHO WORKS IN THIS FIELD, PHD
  • 00:10:26.100 --> 00:10:28.210
  • IN PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY, MAKES THIS STATEMENT, AGE
  • 00:10:28.230 --> 00:10:33.050
  • ISN'T REALLY MEASURED.
  • 00:10:33.070 --> 00:10:35.190
  • RATHER CERTAIN PROCESSES AND AMOUNTS OF MATERIALS
  • 00:10:35.210 --> 00:10:37.020
  • ARE MEASURED.
  • 00:10:37.040 --> 00:10:38.200
  • THE AGE IS INFERRED VIA CERTAIN ASSUMPTIONS.
  • 00:10:38.220 --> 00:10:41.100
  • - OKAY.
  • 00:10:41.120 --> 00:10:42.160
  • - HERE'S ANOTHER GENTLEMAN, HAS HIS PHD
  • 00:10:42.180 --> 00:10:44.220
  • IN GEOPHYSICS.
  • 00:10:44.240 --> 00:10:46.030
  • HE DEFINITELY WORKS IN THIS AREA.
  • 00:10:46.050 --> 00:10:47.160
  • THE EMPIRICAL KNOWLEDGE WHEN IT'S ACTUALLY
  • 00:10:47.180 --> 00:10:50.270
  • MEASURED IS THE RATIO OF ISOTOPES OR ATOMS,
  • 00:10:50.290 --> 00:10:52.280
  • CERTAIN TYPES OF ATOMS, THE AGE IS A QUESTIONABLE
  • 00:10:53.000 --> 00:10:56.290
  • INTERPRETATION BASED ON UNTESTABLE ASSUMPTIONS.
  • 00:10:57.010 --> 00:10:59.170
  • SO OUR TEXTBOOKS DON'T TELL US THIS.
  • 00:10:59.190 --> 00:11:01.130
  • THEY TELL US THEY GIVE AN ABSOLUTE AGE AND DON'T
  • 00:11:01.150 --> 00:11:03.140
  • TEACH OUR STUDENT THE REAL METHOD BEHIND THE
  • 00:11:03.160 --> 00:11:05.290
  • DATING METHODS.
  • 00:11:06.010 --> 00:11:07.050
  • - WOW.
  • 00:11:07.070 --> 00:11:08.120
  • OKAY, SO WE'RE NOT ACTUALLY GETTING AN AGE
  • 00:11:08.140 --> 00:11:10.260
  • SPITTING OUT OF A MACHINE.
  • 00:11:10.280 --> 00:11:12.100
  • WE'RE MEASURING RATIOS.
  • 00:11:12.120 --> 00:11:13.210
  • - RIGHT.
  • 00:11:13.230 --> 00:11:15.010
  • - AND THERE ARE CERTAIN ASSUMPTIONS INVOLVED
  • 00:11:15.030 --> 00:11:17.040
  • BASED ON THE RATIOS WE GET WHICH INCLUDE HOW LONG
  • 00:11:17.060 --> 00:11:20.040
  • DOES THE DECAY PROCESS TAKE?
  • 00:11:20.060 --> 00:11:24.250
  • HAS IT ALWAYS BEEN HAPPENING AT THE
  • 00:11:24.270 --> 00:11:26.100
  • SAME RATE?
  • 00:11:26.120 --> 00:11:27.090
  • BROKE THOSE DOWN FOR ME.
  • 00:11:27.110 --> 00:11:28.080
  • - OKAY.
  • 00:11:28.100 --> 00:11:29.010
  • THE ASSUMPTIONS USED,
  • 00:11:29.030 --> 00:11:30.080
  • FIRST OF ALL, WE HAVE TO HAVE KNOWLEDGE OF THE
  • 00:11:30.100 --> 00:11:32.040
  • STARTING ADDITIONS.
  • 00:11:32.060 --> 00:11:33.180
  • IN OTHER WORDS, WHAT ELEMENTS WERE IN THIS
  • 00:11:33.200 --> 00:11:35.230
  • ROCK WHEN IT FORMED.
  • 00:11:35.250 --> 00:11:37.140
  • WE ASSUME THERE'S NO DAUGHTER ELEMENT IN THERE.
  • 00:11:37.160 --> 00:11:41.030
  • WE ASSUME IF THERE'S ANY DAUGHTER ELEMENT IS FOUND
  • 00:11:41.050 --> 00:11:42.270
  • IN THERE, IT'S ALL DUE TO RADIOACTIVE DECAY.
  • 00:11:42.290 --> 00:11:46.260
  • SO THERE'S ASSUMPTION ONE.
  • 00:11:46.280 --> 00:11:48.110
  • THE OTHER ASSUMPTION, HAS THE DECAY RATE ALWAYS
  • 00:11:48.130 --> 00:11:50.110
  • BEEN THE SAME AS WE SEE IT TODAY?
  • 00:11:50.130 --> 00:11:53.020
  • AND SECONDLY, HOW LONG DOES IT TAKE OR HAS
  • 00:11:53.040 --> 00:11:56.020
  • THIS THING ALWAYS BEEN IN A CLOSED ENVIRONMENT
  • 00:11:56.040 --> 00:11:59.020
  • WHERE NOTHING HAS EFFECTED THESE ROCKS OVER
  • 00:11:59.040 --> 00:12:01.250
  • THESE MILLIONS OF YEARS?
  • 00:12:01.270 --> 00:12:04.050
  • - MILLIONS OF YEARS SUPPOSEDLY.
  • 00:12:04.070 --> 00:12:05.190
  • - SO THOSE ARE THE 3 ASSUMPTIONS.
  • 00:12:05.210 --> 00:12:07.080
  • WELL, WHEN WE LOOK AT THIS THE ASSUMPTIONS,
  • 00:12:07.100 --> 00:12:10.180
  • LET'S START WITH NUMBER ONE, DO SCIENTISTS KNOW
  • 00:12:10.200 --> 00:12:13.260
  • THAT ALL THE DAUGHTER ELEMENT IS DUE TO RADIO-
  • 00:12:13.280 --> 00:12:15.190
  • ACTIVE DECAY?
  • 00:12:15.210 --> 00:12:17.010
  • NO, WE DON'T BECAUSE WE FIND FRESH ROCKS,
  • 00:12:17.030 --> 00:12:19.030
  • BRAND-NEW ROCKS THAT WERE JUST FORMED WITHIN OUR
  • 00:12:19.050 --> 00:12:22.220
  • LIFETIME THAT ALREADY HAVE AN ABUNDANT AMOUNT
  • 00:12:22.240 --> 00:12:24.130
  • OF DAUGHTER ELEMENT IN IT.
  • 00:12:24.150 --> 00:12:25.230
  • - REALLY?
  • 00:12:25.250 --> 00:12:26.210
  • - YES.
  • 00:12:26.230 --> 00:12:28.000
  • SO WE HAVE SHOWN THAT ASSUMPTION IS NOT TRUE.
  • 00:12:28.020 --> 00:12:30.070
  • - OKAY, SO WAIT A SECOND. JUST THAT ONE THING ALONE
  • 00:12:30.090 --> 00:12:34.140
  • WILL CHANGE THE RESULTS THAT WE'RE GETTING AS FAR
  • 00:12:34.160 --> 00:12:37.190
  • AS AGE IS CONCERNED.
  • 00:12:37.210 --> 00:12:38.250
  • - THAT'S RIGHT.
  • 00:12:38.270 --> 00:12:40.200
  • IF THERE'S ALREADY DAUGHTER ELEMENT IN THERE
  • 00:12:40.220 --> 00:12:42.270
  • WHEN IT WAS FORMED, THEN THE WHOLE DATING METHOD
  • 00:12:42.290 --> 00:12:44.290
  • IS SKEWED, BIASED.
  • 00:12:45.010 --> 00:12:46.050
  • - OKAY.
  • 00:12:46.070 --> 00:12:47.180
  • - LET ME GIVE YOU A QUOTE HERE FROM
  • 00:12:47.200 --> 00:12:48.220
  • A GEOLOGIST.
  • 00:12:48.240 --> 00:12:49.200
  • LET'S GO TO ONE OF THEM.
  • 00:12:49.220 --> 00:12:50.200
  • - OKAY.
  • 00:12:50.220 --> 00:12:51.160
  • - THEY'RE KIND.
  • 00:12:51.180 --> 00:12:52.220
  • GOD CREATED US AFTER A KIND.
  • 00:12:52.240 --> 00:12:53.230
  • GEOLOGY IS A KIND.
  • 00:12:53.250 --> 00:12:54.280
  • - THERE YOU GO.
  • 00:12:55.000 --> 00:12:55.190
  • THERE YOU GO.
  • 00:12:55.210 --> 00:12:56.260
  • - JOHN REED MAKES THIS STATEMENT, BUT THERE ARE
  • 00:12:56.280 --> 00:12:58.160
  • MANY PROBLEMS WITH ALL THESE METHODS.
  • 00:12:58.180 --> 00:13:00.060
  • RADIOMETRIC DATING IS NOT RELIABLE AND RELIES
  • 00:13:00.080 --> 00:13:02.000
  • ON SEVERAL ASSUMPTION THAT CANNOT BE
  • 00:13:02.020 --> 00:13:04.040
  • SCIENTIFICALLY DEMONSTRATED.
  • 00:13:04.060 --> 00:13:06.120
  • HERE'S ANOTHER GENTLEMAN, VERNON CUPPS, PHD IN
  • 00:13:06.140 --> 00:13:09.090
  • NUCLEAR PHYSICS.
  • 00:13:09.110 --> 00:13:10.280
  • LOOK HOW HE STARTS, OF THE 8 ASSUMPTIONS, NONE
  • 00:13:11.000 --> 00:13:15.170
  • CAN BE CONSIDERED TO RIGOROUSLY HOLD IN
  • 00:13:15.190 --> 00:13:16.270
  • ALL SITUATIONS.
  • 00:13:16.290 --> 00:13:18.120
  • THEREFORE, DATING BY THIS METHOD IS AT BEST A
  • 00:13:18.140 --> 00:13:20.050
  • HYPOTHESIS CONCERNING THE AGE OF ANY ROCK SUITE
  • 00:13:20.070 --> 00:13:22.290
  • OR MINERAL.
  • 00:13:23.010 --> 00:13:24.150
  • IT IS CERTAINLY NOT A SCIENTIFIC FACT.
  • 00:13:24.170 --> 00:13:27.100
  • - OKAY. NOW, THIS IDEA OF AGE HAS SO PERMEATED THE
  • 00:13:27.120 --> 00:13:30.260
  • CULTURE THAT WE'VE SEEN THESE GEOLOGIC COLUMNS
  • 00:13:30.280 --> 00:13:34.070
  • WITH DIFFERENT CREATURES APPEARING AT DIFFERENT
  • 00:13:34.090 --> 00:13:37.060
  • TIMES, AND THE AGES SPELLED OUT ON THIS
  • 00:13:37.080 --> 00:13:40.210
  • COLUMN RANGE FROM BILLIONS OF YEARS DOWN AT
  • 00:13:40.230 --> 00:13:44.070
  • THE BOTTOM, 4.5 BILLION YEARS OF EARTH'S HISTORY
  • 00:13:44.090 --> 00:13:47.130
  • THEY WOULD SAY, AND THEN HUNDREDS OF MILLIONS OF
  • 00:13:47.150 --> 00:13:50.030
  • YEARS WITH ALL OF THESE MARINE CREATURES, AND
  • 00:13:50.050 --> 00:13:53.230
  • THEN THE DINOSAURS CAME ALONG, THEN THEY DIED OUT
  • 00:13:53.250 --> 00:13:55.270
  • 66 PLUS MILLION YEARS AGO, THEN WE FINALLY EVOLVED
  • 00:13:55.290 --> 00:14:00.060
  • TO OUR CURRENT STATE. NOTHING MORE THAN
  • 00:14:00.080 --> 00:14:01.290
  • INTELLIGENT ANIMALS, RIGHT?
  • 00:14:02.010 --> 00:14:04.090
  • SO WE WANTED TO SORT OF GET A FEEL FOR THE GENERAL
  • 00:14:04.110 --> 00:14:07.010
  • POPULATION, AND WE WENT OUT ON THE STREET AND WE
  • 00:14:07.030 --> 00:14:09.080
  • ASKED PEOPLE, DID TRILOBITES, THOSE LITTLE
  • 00:14:09.100 --> 00:14:12.160
  • MARINE CREATURES COME BEFORE THE DINOSAURS,
  • 00:14:12.180 --> 00:14:15.170
  • AND IF SO WHY WOULD YOU THINK THAT?
  • 00:14:15.190 --> 00:14:17.200
  • AND THIS IS WHAT WE GOT.
  • 00:14:17.220 --> 00:14:20.110
  • - IS IT LIKE UH...
  • 00:14:22.250 --> 00:14:25.010
  • SOUNDS LIKE IT WOULD COME BEFORE.
  • 00:14:25.030 --> 00:14:26.080
  • I DON'T KNOW ENOUGH THOUGH.
  • 00:14:26.100 --> 00:14:27.280
  • - I THINK YES, BUT WE CAN'T BE SURE BECAUSE WE
  • 00:14:28.000 --> 00:14:34.210
  • DON'T REALLY KNOW WHAT CAME BEFORE SOMETHING ELSE.
  • 00:14:34.230 --> 00:14:38.050
  • AT FIRST WE WERE THINKING BIRDS --
  • 00:14:38.070 --> 00:14:40.130
  • IT'S GONNA BE KIND OF A COMPLICATED QUESTION.
  • 00:14:40.150 --> 00:14:42.070
  • --WERE BEHIND DINOSAURS.
  • 00:14:42.090 --> 00:14:44.070
  • WE'RE NOW FINDING OUT RECENT DISCOVERIES IN
  • 00:14:44.090 --> 00:14:47.010
  • CHINA SHOWED THAT BIRDS ARE FAR OLDER THAN DINOSAURS.
  • 00:14:47.030 --> 00:14:51.150
  • SO WE'RE JUST GUESSING.
  • 00:14:51.170 --> 00:14:54.070
  • - I THINK THOSE WERE THE FIRST FORMS OF LIFE
  • 00:14:54.090 --> 00:14:57.030
  • IN THE PLANET, I THINK.
  • 00:14:57.050 --> 00:14:58.240
  • - I THINK THEY CAME BEFORE.
  • 00:14:58.260 --> 00:15:00.170
  • I THINK THEY CAME BEFORE BECAUSE THEY'RE A SIMPLER
  • 00:15:00.190 --> 00:15:02.250
  • LIFE FORM. THEY WEREN'T AS COMPLEX AS DINOSAURS.
  • 00:15:02.270 --> 00:15:05.210
  • I THINK THEY WERE HERE FIRST.
  • 00:15:05.230 --> 00:15:07.080
  • IT SEEMS LIKE EVERYTHING STARTS OUT SIMPLE
  • 00:15:07.100 --> 00:15:08.180
  • AND GETS MORE COMPLEX.
  • 00:15:08.200 --> 00:15:11.010
  • - A SIMPLER FORM OF LIFE. TRILOBITES.
  • 00:15:11.030 --> 00:15:16.080
  • SIMPLER THAN DINOSAURS.
  • 00:15:16.100 --> 00:15:18.030
  • THEY HAD A COMPLEX SKELETAL SYSTEM.
  • 00:15:18.050 --> 00:15:20.060
  • THEY HAD COMPOUND EYES. THEY HAD A HEART.
  • 00:15:20.080 --> 00:15:23.110
  • THEY HAD A NERVOUS SYSTEM.
  • 00:15:23.130 --> 00:15:24.210
  • THEY HAD SO MUCH COMPLEXITY YET THEY'RE
  • 00:15:24.230 --> 00:15:30.090
  • THOUGHT TO HAVE COME LONG BEFORE THE DINOSAURS.
  • 00:15:30.110 --> 00:15:34.130
  • ANSWER ME THIS, DID TRILOBITES COME BEFORE DINOSAURS?
  • 00:15:34.150 --> 00:15:37.010
  • - ONE DAY.
  • 00:15:37.030 --> 00:15:39.070
  • - THEY DID COME BEFORE! WONDERFUL.
  • 00:15:39.090 --> 00:15:42.150
  • - SEA CREATURES DAY FIVE; DINOSAURS, DAY SIX. BUT THAT'S
  • 00:15:42.170 --> 00:15:46.210
  • INSIGNIFICANT WHEN WE'RE TALKING ABOUT EVOLUTION.
  • 00:15:46.230 --> 00:15:49.170
  • SO THEY LIVED AT THE SAME TIME AS ALL THE
  • 00:15:49.190 --> 00:15:53.100
  • CREATURES DID AT THAT TIME.
  • 00:15:53.120 --> 00:15:55.070
  • - OKAY, SO LET'S AGAIN TALK ABOUT THESE DATING
  • 00:15:55.090 --> 00:15:58.180
  • METHODS AND LOOK AT THE ASSUMPTIONS INVOLVED.
  • 00:15:58.200 --> 00:16:01.220
  • - WE LOOKED AT NUMBER ONE ASSUMPTION, WAS THERE
  • 00:16:01.240 --> 00:16:03.260
  • ANY DAUGHTER ELEMENT? DO WE KNOW THE
  • 00:16:03.280 --> 00:16:05.100
  • STARTING CONDITIONS? NO, WE DON'T.
  • 00:16:05.120 --> 00:16:07.120
  • ASSUMPTION TWO WAS WAS THIS IN A CLOSED ENVIRONMENT?
  • 00:16:07.140 --> 00:16:10.190
  • MEANING WAS THERE ANYTHING OUT THERE THAT COULD HAVE
  • 00:16:10.210 --> 00:16:13.190
  • CHANGED MINERALS IN THAT ROCK? YOU KNOW WHAT WATER DOES?
  • 00:16:13.210 --> 00:16:16.230
  • LEECHES RIGHT INTO THOSE ROCKS IN THE CRACKS AND
  • 00:16:16.250 --> 00:16:19.210
  • CREVASES AND CHANGES THE MINERAL CONTENT OF THOSE
  • 00:16:19.230 --> 00:16:22.230
  • ROCKS. AND THEY'RE SITTING OUT THERE FOR THESE
  • 00:16:22.250 --> 00:16:24.250
  • SUPPOSED MILLIONS OF YEARS.
  • 00:16:24.270 --> 00:16:26.230
  • THEY'RE NOT IN A CLOSED ENVIRONMENT AT ALL.
  • 00:16:26.250 --> 00:16:28.260
  • THEY'RE CONSTANTLY BEING CHANGED.
  • 00:16:28.280 --> 00:16:30.160
  • - THERE ARE EVEN PARTICLES RIGHT NOW THAT
  • 00:16:30.180 --> 00:16:34.230
  • ARE PASSING RIGHT THROUGH US, RIGHT?
  • 00:16:34.250 --> 00:16:36.260
  • AND SO NOTHING IS COMPLETELY CLOSED.
  • 00:16:36.280 --> 00:16:39.190
  • - NO. - NOT EVEN ROCK.
  • 00:16:39.210 --> 00:16:41.210
  • - WE'RE NOT A CLOSED ENVIRONMENT.
  • 00:16:41.230 --> 00:16:43.190
  • AND THEN THE THIRD ASSUMPTION: HAS THE DECAY
  • 00:16:43.210 --> 00:16:45.230
  • RATE ALWAYS BEEN CONSTANT?
  • 00:16:45.250 --> 00:16:48.100
  • AND WE HAVE POWERFUL EVIDENCE THAT IN THE
  • 00:16:48.120 --> 00:16:50.100
  • PAST, AT LEAST ONCE, THE RADIOACTIVE DECAY RATE
  • 00:16:50.120 --> 00:16:54.000
  • WAS MUCH FASTER THAN IT IS TODAY.
  • 00:16:54.020 --> 00:16:56.000
  • HOW DO WE KNOW THAT?
  • 00:16:56.020 --> 00:16:57.140
  • IT HAS TO DO WITH HELIUM ATOMS.
  • 00:16:57.160 --> 00:17:00.230
  • HELIUM IS THE SECOND LIGHTEST OF THE ELEMENTS.
  • 00:17:00.250 --> 00:17:04.120
  • AND DURING THE DECAY PROCESS, SUCH AS GOING
  • 00:17:04.140 --> 00:17:07.000
  • FROM PARENT TO DAUGHTER IN SOME THINGS LIKE
  • 00:17:07.020 --> 00:17:09.050
  • URANIUM, LEAD, HELIUM ATOMS ARE PRODUCED.
  • 00:17:09.070 --> 00:17:11.250
  • WELL HELIUM BEING ONE OF THE LIGHTEST ELEMENTS
  • 00:17:11.270 --> 00:17:14.220
  • JUST MIGRATES OUT OF ROCKS RAPIDLY.
  • 00:17:14.240 --> 00:17:17.180
  • I CALL IT THE TEFLON OF ATOMS.
  • 00:17:17.200 --> 00:17:19.060
  • DOESN'T STICK TO ANYTHING.
  • 00:17:19.080 --> 00:17:20.150
  • - REALLY? SO IT CAN MANEUVER ITS WAY OUT OF THE
  • 00:17:20.170 --> 00:17:22.070
  • PARTICLES IN THE ROCK TO ESCAPE.
  • 00:17:22.090 --> 00:17:25.190
  • - RIGHT. RIGHT UP INTO THE ATMOSPHERE, AND
  • 00:17:25.210 --> 00:17:27.050
  • HELIUM WILL DO THAT. WELL HERE'S THE PROBLEM.
  • 00:17:27.070 --> 00:17:29.200
  • WE LOOK AT SOME OF THESE GRANITE ROCKS, WE FIND AN
  • 00:17:29.220 --> 00:17:33.000
  • ABUNDANT AMOUNT OF HELIUM STILL IN THERE.
  • 00:17:33.020 --> 00:17:36.060
  • IT SHOULDN'T BE IN THERE.
  • 00:17:36.080 --> 00:17:38.170
  • MATTER OF FACT, THERE'S SO MUCH HELIUM IN THERE
  • 00:17:38.190 --> 00:17:40.120
  • AND IT SHOULD HAVE DECAYED OUT OVER ALL
  • 00:17:40.140 --> 00:17:42.270
  • THESE MILLIONS OF YEARS, THERE'S STILL SO MUCH IN
  • 00:17:42.290 --> 00:17:45.020
  • THERE, GIVES US AN AGE OF ABOUT 6.000 YEARS.
  • 00:17:45.040 --> 00:17:47.180
  • - REALLY?
  • 00:17:47.200 --> 00:17:49.010
  • - THERE'S ENOUGH TO ACCOUNT FOR ABOUT 6.000 YEARS OF
  • 00:17:49.030 --> 00:17:51.090
  • DECAY THAT DID NOT HAVE A CHANCE TO MIGRATE OUT.
  • 00:17:51.110 --> 00:17:54.090
  • SO THE RADIOACTIVE PROCESS MUST HAVE
  • 00:17:54.110 --> 00:17:56.020
  • HAPPENED SO FAST THERE WASN'T ENOUGH TIME FOR
  • 00:17:56.040 --> 00:17:58.290
  • THE HELIUM TO MIGRATE OUT.
  • 00:17:59.010 --> 00:18:00.210
  • - ALL RIGHT.
  • 00:18:00.230 --> 00:18:02.040
  • - THAT'S THE ONLY EXPLANATION WE HAVE TODAY FOR THAT.
  • 00:18:02.060 --> 00:18:03.250
  • - SOME OF THESE TESTS, I'VE BEEN TOLD THAT THESE
  • 00:18:03.270 --> 00:18:06.160
  • HELIUM TESTS, HELIUM DIFFUSION RATES HAVE BEEN
  • 00:18:06.180 --> 00:18:09.130
  • PERFORMED ON SAMPLES OF GRANITE.
  • 00:18:09.150 --> 00:18:12.120
  • SO YOU'RE SAYING IF WE LOOK AT THE HELIUM
  • 00:18:12.140 --> 00:18:15.090
  • DIFFUSION, WELL THEN THAT GRANITE IS ONLY 6.000 YEARS.
  • 00:18:15.110 --> 00:18:19.010
  • BUT IF YOU WERE TO TEST THE GRANITE AND THE
  • 00:18:19.030 --> 00:18:20.270
  • SURROUNDING MATERIALS USING OTHER TYPES OF
  • 00:18:20.290 --> 00:18:24.050
  • RADIOACTIVE DATING METHODS, YOU'RE GONNA GET
  • 00:18:24.070 --> 00:18:26.220
  • A DIFFERENT RESULT, AREN'T YOU?
  • 00:18:26.240 --> 00:18:28.040
  • - COMPLETELY DIFFERENT ANSWER.
  • 00:18:28.060 --> 00:18:29.100
  • - HOW DOES THAT WORK?
  • 00:18:29.120 --> 00:18:30.210
  • - IT'S BASED ON OUR BIAS AGAIN.
  • 00:18:30.230 --> 00:18:32.010
  • OUR STARTING POINT.
  • 00:18:32.030 --> 00:18:33.100
  • WHAT ARE WE LOOKING FOR IN THE EVIDENCE, AND ARE
  • 00:18:33.120 --> 00:18:35.200
  • THERE ANY ASSUMPTIONS THAT ARE INVOLVED IN HERE?
  • 00:18:35.220 --> 00:18:40.110
  • IF THERE ARE ASSUMPTIONS, WE MUST BE ABLE TO
  • 00:18:40.130 --> 00:18:43.030
  • DETERMINE WHETHER THOSE ARE TRUE OR FALSE.
  • 00:18:43.050 --> 00:18:46.000
  • IF WE CAN'T, THEN THERE'S A GOOD CHANCE THEY COULD
  • 00:18:46.020 --> 00:18:48.190
  • BE FALSE AND THAT GIVES US BIASED RESULTS.
  • 00:18:48.210 --> 00:18:52.100
  • - ALL RIGHT, SO HOW ACCURATE ARE THESE DATING
  • 00:18:52.120 --> 00:18:55.050
  • METHODS WHEN WE'RE GETTING SAY ONE AGE FROM
  • 00:18:55.070 --> 00:18:57.220
  • HELIUM DIFFUSION, WE'RE GETTING ANOTHER FROM
  • 00:18:57.240 --> 00:19:00.070
  • POTASSIUM ARGON, AND ANOTHER ONE FROM RUBIDIUM
  • 00:19:00.090 --> 00:19:03.010
  • STRONTIUM. ALL THESE DIFFERENT METHODS.
  • 00:19:03.030 --> 00:19:04.220
  • HOW ACCURATE CAN IT BE?
  • 00:19:04.240 --> 00:19:06.070
  • - LET ME GIVE YOU THE ACCURACY RATE.
  • 00:19:06.090 --> 00:19:07.290
  • EVERY TIME WHEN WE KNOW WHEN A ROCK WAS FORMED,
  • 00:19:08.010 --> 00:19:10.270
  • WE NEVER GET THE CORRECT AGE.
  • 00:19:10.290 --> 00:19:14.000
  • THAT DOESN'T SOUND VERY GOOD, DOES IT? FOR EXAMPLE.
  • 00:19:14.020 --> 00:19:16.110
  • - EVERY TIME IN REAL LIFE YOU'RE SAYING?
  • 00:19:16.130 --> 00:19:18.160
  • - YES. LIKE MOUNT ST. HELENS. ROCKS FORMED IN 1980.
  • 00:19:18.180 --> 00:19:23.140
  • THEY WERE DATED BETWEEN 350.000 YEARS OLD AND
  • 00:19:23.160 --> 00:19:27.100
  • 2.8 MILLION YEARS OLD.
  • 00:19:27.120 --> 00:19:30.050
  • IN FACT THEY'RE JUST A COUPLE OF DECADES OLD.
  • 00:19:30.070 --> 00:19:32.060
  • - WHAT? BUT WE SAW THEM FORM.
  • 00:19:32.080 --> 00:19:35.260
  • - BUT SUBJECTED TO THESE DATING METHODS,
  • 00:19:35.280 --> 00:19:38.130
  • THEY WERE COMPLETELY IN ERROR.
  • 00:19:38.150 --> 00:19:41.080
  • - OKAY. SO THERE'S SOMETHING WRONG WITH THE ASSUMPTIONS.
  • 00:19:41.100 --> 00:19:43.180
  • - THAT'S A 99 PERCENT ERROR RATE THERE.
  • 00:19:43.200 --> 00:19:46.140
  • LAVA FLOWS IN NEW ZEALAND THAT HAPPENED IN 1949
  • 00:19:46.160 --> 00:19:51.040
  • WERE DATED AT OVER 275.000 YEARS OLD.
  • 00:19:51.060 --> 00:19:55.180
  • AND WE SEE THIS ALL OVER.
  • 00:19:55.200 --> 00:19:57.260
  • - THAT'S NOT GOOD SCIENCE.
  • 00:19:57.280 --> 00:19:59.290
  • - NO, IT'S NOT.
  • 00:20:00.010 --> 00:20:01.060
  • LET'S STICK TO DINOSAURS AGAIN. I LOVE DINOSAURS.
  • 00:20:01.080 --> 00:20:04.130
  • THEY'RE USED BY EVOLUTIONISTS AS AN INDEX
  • 00:20:04.150 --> 00:20:06.190
  • FOSSIL, 65-220 MILLION YEARS OLD.
  • 00:20:06.210 --> 00:20:09.210
  • THEY CAN DATE ROCKS BY THE RATE OF METRIC DATING
  • 00:20:09.230 --> 00:20:11.290
  • BUT THEY ALSO USE GEOLOGIC DATING.
  • 00:20:12.010 --> 00:20:14.210
  • YOU KNOW HOW THEY DO THEIR GEOLOGIC DATING?
  • 00:20:14.230 --> 00:20:16.200
  • BY THE FOSSILS THEY FIND IN THERE.
  • 00:20:16.220 --> 00:20:18.190
  • THAT'S HOW OLD THE ROCKS ARE.
  • 00:20:18.210 --> 00:20:19.280
  • HOW DO THEY KNOW HOW OLD THESE BONES ARE?
  • 00:20:20.000 --> 00:20:23.290
  • BY THE ROCKS THEY'RE FOUND IN.
  • 00:20:24.010 --> 00:20:26.070
  • WAIT A MINUTE, DID I JUST GO AROUND IN A CIRCLE?
  • 00:20:26.090 --> 00:20:28.200
  • THEY DATE THE ROCKS BY THE FOSSILS, BUT THEY
  • 00:20:28.220 --> 00:20:30.130
  • DATE THE FOSSILS BY THE ROCKS. SO BASICALLY USING
  • 00:20:30.150 --> 00:20:34.030
  • BIO, THEY'RE CALLED LIFE FORMS, TO DATE THESE ROCKS.
  • 00:20:34.050 --> 00:20:39.110
  • NOW, DINOSAURS ARE SUPPOSED TO HAVE LIVED
  • 00:20:39.130 --> 00:20:42.120
  • 65-220 MILLION YEARS AGO.
  • 00:20:42.140 --> 00:20:45.280
  • THIS IS ONE OF THEIR KEYS FOR DATING.
  • 00:20:46.000 --> 00:20:48.240
  • AND WHAT HAVE WE FOUND IN THOSE DINOSAURS?
  • 00:20:48.260 --> 00:20:51.040
  • WELL ONE OF THE THINGS IS CARBON 14.
  • 00:20:51.060 --> 00:20:54.010
  • NOW WHY IS THAT SO SIGNIFICANT?
  • 00:20:54.030 --> 00:20:56.180
  • WELL THAT'S A VERY IMPORTANT DATING METHOD,
  • 00:20:56.200 --> 00:20:58.130
  • CARBON 14. IT'S USED TO DATE ONCE LIVING THINGS.
  • 00:20:58.150 --> 00:21:01.250
  • THEY CANNOT BE USED TO DATE ROCKS, ONLY ONCE
  • 00:21:01.270 --> 00:21:03.180
  • LIVING THINGS, SO IT'S A SEPARATE TYPE OF RADIO-
  • 00:21:03.200 --> 00:21:05.130
  • METRIC DATING METHOD.
  • 00:21:05.150 --> 00:21:07.250
  • NOW CARBON 14, WHAT'S SO IMPORTANT ABOUT IT?
  • 00:21:07.270 --> 00:21:10.060
  • ALL LIVING THINGS HAVE CARBON 14 IN IT.
  • 00:21:10.080 --> 00:21:12.140
  • WE EAT IT, WE BREATHE IT.
  • 00:21:12.160 --> 00:21:14.140
  • IT GETS PRODUCED IN THE ATMOSPHERE.
  • 00:21:14.160 --> 00:21:16.160
  • THAT'S WHAT'S HAPPENING. IT'S PRODUCED IN THE
  • 00:21:16.180 --> 00:21:17.230
  • ATMOSPHERE, WE EAT IT, WE BREATHE IT.
  • 00:21:17.250 --> 00:21:19.090
  • SO ALL LIVING THINGS HAVE CARBON 14.
  • 00:21:19.110 --> 00:21:21.150
  • NOW I HAVE A QUESTION FOR YOU, DAVID.
  • 00:21:21.170 --> 00:21:23.160
  • IT'S NOT A TRICK QUESTION.
  • 00:21:23.180 --> 00:21:26.020
  • GIVE ME THE FIRST THING THAT COMES TO YOUR MIND.
  • 00:21:26.040 --> 00:21:28.120
  • WHEN WE DIE, WE CONTINUE TO EAT OR BREATHE.
  • 00:21:28.140 --> 00:21:30.250
  • - NO.
  • 00:21:30.270 --> 00:21:32.250
  • - I KNEW YOU'D DO THAT.
  • 00:21:32.270 --> 00:21:34.290
  • THAT WAS A TRICK, WASN'T A TRICK QUESTION.
  • 00:21:35.010 --> 00:21:37.210
  • SO ONCE WE'RE DEAD, WE NO LONGER EAT OR BREATHE.
  • 00:21:37.230 --> 00:21:40.000
  • - WHICH MEANS WE'RE NO LONGER GOING TO BE INTAKING.
  • 00:21:40.020 --> 00:21:42.290
  • - RIGHT.
  • 00:21:43.010 --> 00:21:44.070
  • WE NO LONGER TAKE CARBON 14, BUT THE CARBON 14
  • 00:21:44.090 --> 00:21:46.190
  • THAT'S IN US CONTINUES TO COUNT, AND WE ESTIMATE
  • 00:21:46.210 --> 00:21:50.140
  • THAT AFTER ABOUT 80.000 YEARS, ALL THE DATABLE
  • 00:21:50.160 --> 00:21:53.100
  • CARBON 14 IS GONE, SO THAT'S REALLY THE MAXIMUM
  • 00:21:53.120 --> 00:21:55.160
  • AGE, SOMEWHERE BETWEEN 60 AND 80.000 YEARS WITH THE
  • 00:21:55.180 --> 00:21:57.250
  • BEST EQUIPMENT IN THE WORLD WE'VE BEEN USING.
  • 00:21:57.270 --> 00:22:00.170
  • BUT ALL THE CARBON 14 SHOULD BE GONE AFTER
  • 00:22:00.190 --> 00:22:01.270
  • ABOUT 80.000 YEARS.
  • 00:22:01.290 --> 00:22:03.130
  • - YOU SAID WE FOUND CARBON 14 IN DINOSAURS.
  • 00:22:03.150 --> 00:22:05.170
  • - WE'RE FINDING CARBON 14 IN DINOSAUR BONES ALL
  • 00:22:05.190 --> 00:22:07.200
  • OVER THE WORLD AND YOU KNOW WHAT ELSE?
  • 00:22:07.220 --> 00:22:09.100
  • PEOPLE WILL SAY THAT'S CONTAMINATION.
  • 00:22:09.120 --> 00:22:11.150
  • NO IT'S NOT BECAUSE WE'RE FINDING A CONSISTENT AMOUNT.
  • 00:22:11.170 --> 00:22:14.260
  • IF IT WAS CONTAMINATION, WE'D FIND VARYING AMOUNTS
  • 00:22:14.280 --> 00:22:17.110
  • OF CARBON 14, BUT WE'RE NOT.
  • 00:22:17.130 --> 00:22:18.260
  • WE'RE FINDING CONSISTENT AMOUNTS WHICH MEANS
  • 00:22:18.280 --> 00:22:21.080
  • THEY ALL DIED ABOUT THE SAME TIME.
  • 00:22:21.100 --> 00:22:23.140
  • - OKAY, SO IF THE DINOSAURS WERE SUPPOSED
  • 00:22:23.160 --> 00:22:25.290
  • TO HAVE GONE EXTINCT 66 PLUS MILLION YEARS AGO
  • 00:22:26.010 --> 00:22:28.220
  • AND YET YOU FIND CONSISTENT AMOUNTS OF
  • 00:22:28.240 --> 00:22:31.030
  • CARBON 14 WHICH SHOULD ALL BE GONE, MEASURABLE
  • 00:22:31.050 --> 00:22:34.270
  • AMOUNTS OF CARBON 14 SHOULD ALL BE GONE IN
  • 00:22:34.290 --> 00:22:37.060
  • LESS THAN A HUNDRED THOUSAND YEARS, THAT
  • 00:22:37.080 --> 00:22:39.210
  • MEANS THE DINOSAURS ARE ONLY THOUSANDS OF YEARS OLD.
  • 00:22:39.230 --> 00:22:41.220
  • - RIGHT, AND IT MEANS THE RADIOMETRIC DATING METHODS
  • 00:22:41.240 --> 00:22:43.050
  • AND GEOLOGIC DATING IS WRONG. OBSERVABLE EVIDENCE WHICH
  • 00:22:43.070 --> 00:22:46.230
  • IS THE CARBON 14 IN THERE, THAT'S OBSERVABLE.
  • 00:22:46.250 --> 00:22:50.000
  • WHAT'S NOT OBSERVABLE IS THESE MILLIONS OF YEARS.
  • 00:22:50.020 --> 00:22:52.270
  • THEY'RE ALL BASED ON ASSUMPTIONS.
  • 00:22:52.290 --> 00:22:54.220
  • - OKAY. WOULD YOU BE WILLING TO TACKLE A QUESTION
  • 00:22:54.240 --> 00:22:56.150
  • FROM ONE OF OUR VIEWERS?
  • 00:22:56.170 --> 00:22:58.050
  • - YEAH. ABSOLUTELY.
  • 00:22:58.070 --> 00:22:59.160
  • - LET'S TAKE A LOOK.
  • 00:22:59.180 --> 00:23:02.010
  • - ARE THERE ANY SCIENTIFIC PROBLEMS WITH
  • 00:23:04.020 --> 00:23:05.290
  • THE STANDARD GEOLOGICAL MODELS BEING
  • 00:23:06.010 --> 00:23:08.030
  • TAUGHT IN SCHOOLS?
  • 00:23:08.050 --> 00:23:10.140
  • - ARE THERE ANY PROBLEMS WITH THE STANDARD
  • 00:23:11.050 --> 00:23:12.240
  • GEOLOGIC METHODS, DATING METHODS BEING TAUGHT IN
  • 00:23:12.260 --> 00:23:14.260
  • SCHOOLS? YES BECAUSE WE'RE NOT TEACHING ALL THE
  • 00:23:14.280 --> 00:23:17.080
  • SCIENTIFIC EVIDENCE.
  • 00:23:17.100 --> 00:23:19.100
  • I DON'T MIND TEACHING ABOUT THE RADIOMETRIC
  • 00:23:19.120 --> 00:23:21.150
  • DATING BUT WE NEED TO TEACH ABOUT ASSUMPTIONS.
  • 00:23:21.170 --> 00:23:24.050
  • - SO THAT MEANS YOU'RE SAYING THAT NOT ALL
  • 00:23:24.070 --> 00:23:27.200
  • METHODS GIVE DATES OF BILLIONS OF YEARS.
  • 00:23:27.220 --> 00:23:30.120
  • - NO. THERE'S QUITE A FEW METHODS, MATTER OF FACT
  • 00:23:30.140 --> 00:23:32.100
  • MANY METHODS THAT GIVE EARTH MUCH TOO YOUNG
  • 00:23:32.120 --> 00:23:35.180
  • FOR EVOLUTION TO HAVE HAPPENED.
  • 00:23:35.200 --> 00:23:37.140
  • - CAN YOU JUST SPELL A FEW OF THOSE OUT.
  • 00:23:37.160 --> 00:23:39.010
  • - ONE IS THE MAGNETIC FIELD OF THE EARTH.
  • 00:23:39.030 --> 00:23:40.240
  • IT'S DECAYING ABOUT EVERY 14 YEARS IT LOSES
  • 00:23:40.260 --> 00:23:43.180
  • HALF ITS STRENGTH.
  • 00:23:43.200 --> 00:23:45.030
  • WE HAVE SHORT-TERM COMETS OUT THERE THAT THESE ARE
  • 00:23:45.050 --> 00:23:48.220
  • BIG DIRTY ICE CUBES IS WHAT THEY ARE.
  • 00:23:48.240 --> 00:23:50.140
  • THEY CIRCLE AROUND OUR SOLAR SYSTEM. EVERY TIME
  • 00:23:50.160 --> 00:23:52.040
  • THEY CIRCLE AROUND, THEY LOSE SOME OF THE MASS.
  • 00:23:52.060 --> 00:23:54.010
  • IF OUR SOLAR SYSTEM IS 4 AND A HALF BILLION YEARS OLD
  • 00:23:54.030 --> 00:23:55.290
  • THERE SHOULD BE NO MORE COMETS LEFT.
  • 00:23:56.010 --> 00:23:57.220
  • WE HAVE SPIRAL GALAXIES.
  • 00:23:57.240 --> 00:23:59.150
  • WHEN GALAXIES ROTATE AROUND AND AROUND,
  • 00:23:59.170 --> 00:24:01.190
  • THEY EVENTUALLY LOSE THEIR SPIRAL SHAPE.
  • 00:24:01.210 --> 00:24:03.200
  • AFTER SEVERAL ROTATIONS, THEY SHOULD BE JUST A
  • 00:24:03.220 --> 00:24:06.120
  • GREAT BIG DISK, NOT SPIRAL.
  • 00:24:06.140 --> 00:24:08.110
  • SO WHY DO WE STILL HAVE SPIRAL GALAXIES?
  • 00:24:08.130 --> 00:24:10.200
  • SEE, THOSE ARE GREAT EXAMPLES OF EVIDENCES,
  • 00:24:10.220 --> 00:24:15.020
  • AND CARBON 14 IS A GREAT EXAMPLE OF STILL IN THESE
  • 00:24:15.040 --> 00:24:18.180
  • SO-CALLED FOSSILS THAT ARE MILLIONS OF YEARS
  • 00:24:18.200 --> 00:24:20.170
  • OLD, IT'S NOT JUST DINOSAURS, IT'S OTHER
  • 00:24:20.190 --> 00:24:22.150
  • FOSSILS TOO. CARBON 14 IN THERE.
  • 00:24:22.170 --> 00:24:25.020
  • - IT'S INTERESTING THAT ONE OF OUR VIEWERS HAVE,
  • 00:24:25.040 --> 00:24:30.190
  • THEY WROTE IN AND THEY SAID TOPICS SUCH AS THE
  • 00:24:30.210 --> 00:24:33.260
  • MAGNETIC FIELD, YOU JUST MENTIONED, SEA SALT,
  • 00:24:33.280 --> 00:24:36.100
  • RADIO CARBON AND DIAMONDS AND FOSSILS SO FEW
  • 00:24:36.120 --> 00:24:39.250
  • GRAVES, THINGS LIKE THIS HAVE ALL BEEN
  • 00:24:39.270 --> 00:24:42.290
  • DEBUNKED AGES AGO.
  • 00:24:43.010 --> 00:24:45.060
  • IN OTHER WORDS, THEY'RE TRYING TO MAKE AN EXCUSE,
  • 00:24:45.080 --> 00:24:47.040
  • AND THEY HAVE MADE EXCUSES FOR MANY OF THESE
  • 00:24:47.060 --> 00:24:49.020
  • THINGS. WHEN IT COMES TO WINDING UP GALAXIES, THEY
  • 00:24:49.040 --> 00:24:52.050
  • WOULD SAY IT WOULD CREATE A RESCUING DEVICE, AND
  • 00:24:52.070 --> 00:24:54.270
  • THEY WOULD SAY MAYBE GRAVITATIONAL WAVES
  • 00:24:54.290 --> 00:24:56.160
  • PUSHED EVERYTHING ALONG AND MAINTAINED THE SPIRAL
  • 00:24:56.180 --> 00:24:58.260
  • SHAPE AFTER TEN BILLION YEARS, RIGHT?
  • 00:24:58.280 --> 00:25:02.010
  • WHEN IT COMES TO RADIO CARBON AND FOSSILS,
  • 00:25:02.030 --> 00:25:04.140
  • THEY SAY WELL MAYBE IT WAS CONDEMNATION.
  • 00:25:04.160 --> 00:25:06.220
  • WHEN IT COMES TO ALL OF THESE THINGS,
  • 00:25:06.240 --> 00:25:08.120
  • THERE'S ALWAYS AN EXCUSE.
  • 00:25:08.140 --> 00:25:10.140
  • WHEN IT COMES TO THE MAGNETIC FIELD THEY SAY
  • 00:25:10.160 --> 00:25:11.260
  • MAYBE IT'S LIKE A DYNAMO THAT KEEPS REWINDING ITSELF
  • 00:25:11.280 --> 00:25:14.040
  • UP. MAYBE, MAYBE, MAYBE IT'S NEVER BEEN OBSERVED.
  • 00:25:14.060 --> 00:25:18.130
  • - THAT'S RIGHT.
  • 00:25:18.150 --> 00:25:20.000
  • NONE OF THEIR EXCUSES HAVE EVER BEEN OBSERVED,
  • 00:25:20.020 --> 00:25:21.250
  • AND RADIO CARBON AND CARBON 14 IN DIAMONDS,
  • 00:25:21.270 --> 00:25:24.020
  • DIAMONDS DON'T GET CONTAMINATED.
  • 00:25:24.040 --> 00:25:26.040
  • - THAT'S A GOOD POINT.
  • 00:25:26.060 --> 00:25:28.070
  • SO THESE RESCUING DEVICES ARE ALMOST LIKE MAGICAL
  • 00:25:28.090 --> 00:25:30.290
  • INGREDIENTS TO TRY TO FIX PROBLEMS THAT
  • 00:25:31.010 --> 00:25:33.100
  • ATHEISTIC SCIENTISTS HAVE.
  • 00:25:33.120 --> 00:25:37.130
  • - AND THAT'S WHAT THEY TEACH IN THE SCHOOLS,
  • 00:25:37.150 --> 00:25:38.250
  • THESE RESCUE MECHANISMS TRYING TO DEBUNK
  • 00:25:38.270 --> 00:25:40.290
  • CREATIONISTS WHEN WE HAVE THE OBSERVABLE
  • 00:25:41.010 --> 00:25:42.150
  • SCIENCE ON OUR SIDE.
  • 00:25:42.170 --> 00:25:44.060
  • - THIS IS AMAZING AND IT'S IMPORTANT
  • 00:25:44.080 --> 00:25:45.270
  • INFORMATION FOR EVERYBODY TO GRASP BECAUSE I CAN
  • 00:25:45.290 --> 00:25:49.240
  • GUARANTEE YOUR RADIO METRIC DATING IS PROBABLY
  • 00:25:49.260 --> 00:25:52.070
  • THE TOP EXAMPLE THAT EVOLUTIONARY SCIENTISTS
  • 00:25:52.090 --> 00:25:56.120
  • WILL GO TO WHEN THEY TRY TO PROVE THE AGE OF THE
  • 00:25:56.140 --> 00:25:58.220
  • EARTH. AND WE'VE JUST SEEN IT'S SHOT FULL OF HOLES.
  • 00:25:58.240 --> 00:26:02.110
  • THANK YOU MIKE FOR BEING HERE FOR SHARING
  • 00:26:02.130 --> 00:26:04.220
  • THIS INFORMATION WITH US TODAY.
  • 00:26:04.240 --> 00:26:06.060
  • - THANK YOU DAVID.
  • 00:26:06.080 --> 00:26:07.060
  • - YES SIR.
  • 00:26:07.080 --> 00:26:08.140
  • YOU KNOW THERE IS NO DOUBT THAT GOOD
  • 00:26:08.160 --> 00:26:10.250
  • SCIENTIFIC STUDY IS CONTINUALLY POINTING US
  • 00:26:10.270 --> 00:26:13.260
  • BACK TO BIBLICAL TRUTH, BUT THE STRUGGLE THAT WE
  • 00:26:13.280 --> 00:26:16.070
  • FACE IS THAT MOST UNIVERSITIES ARE ONLY
  • 00:26:16.090 --> 00:26:18.240
  • TEACHING OLD IDEAS OF DARWINIAN EVOLUTION.
  • 00:26:18.260 --> 00:26:21.170
  • WHEN IT COMES TO GEOLOGY TEXTBOOKS, THEY'RE
  • 00:26:21.190 --> 00:26:24.000
  • TEACHING RADIO METRIC DATING WITHOUT TEACHING
  • 00:26:24.020 --> 00:26:26.260
  • ALL OF THE ASSUMPTIONS INVOLVED.
  • 00:26:26.280 --> 00:26:29.020
  • WE'VE JUST BEEN ASSUMING THAT THE THEORY OF MAN'S
  • 00:26:29.040 --> 00:26:32.130
  • APE-LIKE ANCESTRY PROPOSED 150 YEARS AGO IS
  • 00:26:32.150 --> 00:26:35.190
  • CORRECT AND VERY FEW HAVE CHALLENGED IT.
  • 00:26:35.210 --> 00:26:38.230
  • WELL WE ARE CHALLENGING THAT EVERY WEEK ON
  • 00:26:38.250 --> 00:26:41.070
  • CREATION IN THE 21ST CENTURY AND BRINGING YOU
  • 00:26:41.090 --> 00:26:43.040
  • CUTTING-EDGE INFORMATION THAT WILL EDUCATE AND
  • 00:26:43.060 --> 00:26:45.050
  • INSPIRE. IT'S ESPECIALLY ENCOURAGING TO CHRISTIANS
  • 00:26:45.070 --> 00:26:47.270
  • BECAUSE IT MEANS THAT WE CAN KNOW
  • 00:26:47.290 --> 00:26:49.200
  • THE CREATOR THAT MADE US.
  • 00:26:49.220 --> 00:26:51.220
  • I'M DAVID RIVES AND UNTIL NEXT TIME,
  • 00:26:51.240 --> 00:26:53.210
  • KEEP LOOKING UP.
  • 00:26:53.230 --> 00:26:55.060
  • TRULY THE HEAVENS DECLARE THE GLORY OF GOD.
  • 00:26:55.080 --> 00:26:58.110